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Cybercartography Presentation to GeoSpatial World Forum

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Presentation on theme: "Cybercartography Presentation to GeoSpatial World Forum"— Presentation transcript:

1 Cybercartography Presentation to GeoSpatial World Forum
Rotterdam, May 2013 D. R. F. Taylor, Distinguished Research Professor Director,Geomatics and Cartographic Research Centre Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada

2 Cybercartography The application of geographic information processing to the analysis of topics of interest to society and the display of the results in ways that people can readily understand

3 Tim Berners-Lee on the future of the Web (3.0)
Link datasets on disparate topics Display information in innovative ways The Geomatics and Cartographic Research Centre does both using the theory and practice of cybercartography

4 The seven elements of cybercartography
Is multisensory using vision, hearing, touch and eventually smell and taste Uses multimedia formats and new telecommunications technologies such as the World Wide Web (e.g. Web 2.0, mobile devices) Is highly interactive and engages the user in new ways - user-centric and interactive, understanding and engaging the user in new ways through user needs analysis and usability studies, wiki atlases and "edutainment" (online educational games). Cybercartographic "users" can become "creators".

5 The seven elements of cybercartography (cont.)
4. Is not a stand alone product like the traditional map but part of an information/analytical package including both qualitative and quantitative information. The Cybercartographic Atlas Framework provides an organizational approach for the emerging products and processes of the Web 2.0 era of social computing. 5. Is compiled by teams of individuals typically from different domains including disciplines not normally associated with cartography

6 The seven elements of cybercartography (cont.)
6. Is applied to a wide range of topics, not only to location finding and the physical environment. Responds to societal demands including topics not usually "mapped" 7. Involves new research and development partnerships among academia, government, civil society and the private sector

7 Six Central Ideas People use all of their senses in learning. Consequently, cybercartography creates representations which allow them to do this through cybercartographic atlases. People learn in different ways and prefer teaching and learning materials in different formats. Cybercartographic atlases provide people with a choice of learning styles or combinations of learning styles. The same information is presented in multiple formats.

8 Six Central Ideas (continued)
Effective teaching and learning takes place best when individuals are actively involved and engaged. The multimedia and interactive approaches used in cybercartographic atlases facilitate this. People need the power to create their own narratives, ie. the social computing revolution. The Cybercartographic Atlas Framework provides a mechanism for doing this which gives some structure and metadata indicating the quality and nature of the narratives that people create. The Framework is also open source and does not require special knowledge in order to create a narrative.

9 Six Central Ideas (cont.)
Many topics of interest to society are very complex.There is no simple "right" or "wrong" answer to many questions such as global warming and climate change. To understand these complexities different ontologies or narratives on the same topic should be presented in ways that people can easily understand without privileging one over the other. Cybercartographic atlases do this. Of particular importance is giving voices to local people. They can speak for themselves rather than having others speak for them. There has been a shift from “map user” to “map creator” which establishes new forms of democratized teaching and learning. The Cybercartographic Atlas Framework helps to democratize mapping in new ways and provides a framework for Volunteered Geographic Information

10 Some Recent Observations on Map Making
“A map in isolation is quite useless. But when you add activity to it, it becomes commercially valuable. If I create the world’s most accurate map and nothing more, I probably won’t find anyone willing to pay for it.” Olla Rollen President and CEO Hexagon AB 2013

11 Some Recent Observations on Map Making (cont.)
Volunteered Geographic Information “Arguably the most significant change in the whole history of cartography began only in the first decade of the twenty-fist century.” Dr. Chris Perkins 2013

12 Some Recent Observations on Map Making (cont.)
“The biggest challenge is to integrate all the data, both spatial and non-spatial, residing in different sources into a manageable environment for unified view in real time.” Kamal K. Singh Chairman & CEO Rolta Group 2012

13 Some Recent Observations on Map Making (cont.)
“We will redefine mapmaking through computation cartography. This means maps are created on demand to meet a specific purpose, to help govern an individual action, to help answer a personal question. Chris Hellmis Vice-President Nokia 2013

14 Back to the Future The History of Cartography
Maps are more than “ever improving representations of the geographical world.” The map as a cognitive system The map as material culture The map as social construction “All three are necessary to a full understanding of how maps function in society.” The map as an artifact is “…but one small part of the general history of communications about space. Harley and Woodward, 1987

15 Back to the Future The History of Cartography(cont).
“Maps are both material artifacts and metaphors for encoding spatial understanding.” “The map is at the junction of performance and artifact, of the visual and the aural, of the static and the dynamic.” “Maps are far more than wayfinding devices. Woodward and Lewis, 1998

16 A Cybercartographic Atlas
Cybercartography uses the map as an organizing principle but tries to capture a wide range of information in a variety of formats only one of which is the map. A cybercartographic atlas is a metaphor for all kinds of quantitative and qualitative information linked by location. It combines material culture, social construction and cognitive systems using the map as an organizing concept in new ways.

17 Photos © 2012 Gwich’in Social and Cultural Institute
Document oriented database - no fixed schema for user data - evolves with project. Application schemas evolve as needs evolve. Applications built around central database. Photos © 2012 Gwich’in Social and Cultural Institute

18 Inuit Siku (Sea Ice) Atlas


20 Atlas of Lake Huron Treaty Process
Example: Mapping the Survey Journeys ( ) under the Robinson Huron Treaty locational and temporal organization of cultural information (here, the transcription of the surveyors field diaries) flexible, interactive map design information geographically and thematically searchable information-specific design and tailoring of information displays (right-hand panel) role-based access control (“admin”, “author”, “contributor”, “reader”, etc.)

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