2ObjectivesTo better understanding and appreciating the interdependence of food, food policy, population, and values on change in America.
3Today will address:A changing agricultural industry and historical highlights of change in rural America.The interdependency of food, land and people to social and food policy change.
4US Food is the most affordable U.S. consumers spend just 10 percent of their disposable annual income on food.Here is How Other Countries Stack Up:Finland 16France 18New Zealand 20Germany 21Australia 21United KingdomItaly 23Spain 25Japan 26Israel 26South Africa 28Mexico 33IndiaAmerican Farm Bureau Federation® Graphic Sources: United Nations; Economic Research Service - USDA., 2005.
5WHY IS U.S. OUR FOOD PRODUCTION SYSTEM SO GREAT? --Capitalistic economic system --Young, large country --Diverse but favorable soils and climate --Population of persons from all over world --Legislation by forefather's foresight and leadership
6Emma Lazarus The New Colossus: Inscription Emma Lazarus The New Colossus: Inscription The Statue of Liberty, New York HarborGive me your tired, your poor, Your huddled masses, yearning to breathe free, The wretched refuse of your teeming shore, Send these, the homeless, tempest-tossed to me: I lift my lamp beside the golden door.
7Nationalities, Locations and Specializations AfricansMexicansNative AmericansItaliansSwissGermansScottish IrishAsiansDutch
8Location Where Settled AfricansMexicansNative AmericansItaliansSwissGermansScottish IrishAsiansDutch
13Education In and About Agriculture Morrill Act of 1860Hatch Act2nd Morrill Act of 1890Smith Lever Act of 1914Smith Hughes Act of 1917GI Bill3rd Morrill Act of 1996
14Food Policy Legislation AAA—Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1933Support pricesCrop insuranceRegulation of Farm Commodity Production
15REA Rural Electrification Act of 1938 Extended the work dayGave healthier foodExpanded beef consumption as a diet stapleEased wifely chores such as washing and ironingDecreased family sizeIncreased cosmopoliteness.Decreased neighborliness
16Rural Survivals Sharp curves in roads Many counties in early settled states within one day mule ride to government center9-month school“City water”Words—Buckaroo for Spanish Vaquero and Pennsylvania Dutch for Duetsch