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Food, Land, and People. Objectives To better understanding and appreciating the interdependence of food, food policy, population, and values on change.

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Presentation on theme: "Food, Land, and People. Objectives To better understanding and appreciating the interdependence of food, food policy, population, and values on change."— Presentation transcript:

1 Food, Land, and People

2 Objectives To better understanding and appreciating the interdependence of food, food policy, population, and values on change in America.

3 Today will address: A changing agricultural industry and historical highlights of change in rural America. The interdependency of food, land and people to social and food policy change.

4 US Food is the most affordable U.S. consumers spend just 10 percent of their disposable annual income on food. Here is How Other Countries Stack Up: Finland16 France 18 New Zealand 20 Germany 21 Australia 21 United Kingdom 22 Italy 23 Spain 25 Japan 26 Israel 26 South Africa 28 Mexico 33 India 51 American Farm Bureau Federation® Graphic Sources: United Nations; Economic Research Service - USDA., 2005.

5 WHY IS U.S. OUR FOOD PRODUCTION SYSTEM SO GREAT? --Capitalistic economic system --Young, large country --Diverse but favorable soils and climate --Population of persons from all over world --Legislation by forefather's foresight and leadership

6 Emma Lazarus The New Colossus: Inscription The Statue of Liberty, New York Harbor Give me your tired, your poor, Your huddled masses, yearning to breathe free, The wretched refuse of your teeming shore, Send these, the homeless, tempest-tossed to me: I lift my lamp beside the golden door.

7 Nationalities, Locations and Specializations Africans Mexicans Native Americans Italians Swiss Germans Scottish Irish Asians Dutch

8 Location Where Settled Africans Mexicans Native Americans Italians Swiss Germans Scottish Irish Asians Dutch

9 USA

10 Specializations Grain Potatoes, Corn, Tomatoes Intensive farming, irrigation Fruits Flowers Dairy Independent farming Beef Labor

11 Legislation Lincoln – USDA – Homestead Act – Morrill Act – Transcontinental Railroad Act – Emancipation Proclamation

12 RFD 1896 Rural Free Delivery Sears-Robuck Catalog – TP – Social Awareness

13 Education In and About Agriculture Morrill Act of 1860 Hatch Act 2 nd Morrill Act of 1890 Smith Lever Act of 1914 Smith Hughes Act of 1917 GI Bill 3 rd Morrill Act of 1996

14 Food Policy Legislation AAA—Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1933 Support prices Crop insurance Regulation of Farm Commodity Production

15 REA Rural Electrification Act of 1938 Extended the work day Gave healthier food Expanded beef consumption as a diet staple Eased wifely chores such as washing and ironing Decreased family size Increased cosmopoliteness. Decreased neighborliness

16 Rural Survivals Sharp curves in roads Many counties in early settled states within one day mule ride to government center 9-month school “City water” Words—Buckaroo for Spanish Vaquero and Pennsylvania Dutch for Duetsch


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