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People V. KENNEBREW Connie D. draxler, deputy director LA Public Guardian Leah davis, Assistant County Counsel, LA County Counsel.

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Presentation on theme: "People V. KENNEBREW Connie D. draxler, deputy director LA Public Guardian Leah davis, Assistant County Counsel, LA County Counsel."— Presentation transcript:

1 People V. KENNEBREW Connie D. draxler, deputy director LA Public Guardian Leah davis, Assistant County Counsel, LA County Counsel

2 Demographics Nattie Kennebrew
Age 86 at time of referral to Public Guardian Widowed with no local family History of being a veteran – received medical care from VA History of owning a locksmith company Charges include murder, attempted murder and assault with a deadly weapon At time of referral Mr. Kennebrew is legally blind due to glaucoma, diagnosed with dementia and suffering from Diabetes and Hypertension. No history of mental illness

3 Chronology of events 1/28/2009 – Nattie Kennebrew age 83 and suffering from dementia and delusions allegedly shot and killed the apartment maintenance man who entered his apt to fix a faulty garbage disposal. He also attempted to shoot and kill the apartment manager 7/1/2009 – Arraigned; Doubt raised RE: competency 11/23/2009 – Declared Incompetent to Stand Trial and committed to Patton State Hospital

4 Chronology Continued 2/7/2012 – Patton concludes Mr. Kennebrew was unlikely to regain competency. Patton referred case to PG requesting a LPS conservatorship PG determines Mr. Kennebrew does not meet statutory criteria for LPS 8/23/2012 – Criminal Court refers matter to PG for possible conservatorship PG notifies court that LPS conservatorship will not be pursued due to diagnosis and limits on mental health funding and placement 10/25/2012 – Patton refers case again to PG, requesting LPS conservatorship NOTE – Maximum Commitment Date = November 22, 2012 (Thanksgiving Day)

5 Chronology Continued October and November 2012 – Director of Mental Health, PG and CoCo receive inquiries from Board of Supervisors based on requests from DA’s office for intervention and assistance 11/7/ Independent Forensic and Neuropsychological evaluation performed at request of PG 11/16/2012 – Detailed report to court declining to file LPS conservatorship based on diagnosis, lack of any mental health history, recommendation for placement in SNF and client willing to accept assistance for needs to be met

6 Chronology continued 11/15/2012 – PG served with Notice of Hearing of Conservatorship and Request for Appointment of Probate Conservator Petition filed by Deputy DA Petition names Office of the Public Guardian as Conservator Hearing set in probate court for December 31, 2012 Mr. Kennebrew not released on 11/22/2012 because of pending probate conservatorship hearing

7 Chronology continued 12/31/2012 – PG and County Counsel appear in Probate Court. Deputy DA and criminal case Public Defender present. PG objects to filing of petition and naming Public Guardian as conservator Probate Court orders PG to conduct an investigation into need for Probate Conservatorship Probate Volunteer Panel attorney appointed for Mr. Kennebrew to represent his interests in Probate conservatorship petition

8 Chronology continued Investigation - PG finds son and numerous family members. Family had lost contact following crime Son, Andrew Kennebrew states he will take father and care for him in Michigan upon release from Patton PG reports there is a suitable alternative to filing Probate conservatorship. DA objects Probate Court orders son, Andrew, to file Probate Conservatorship in California

9 Chronology continued 4/5/2012 – Probate Court appoints Andrew Kennebrew Conservator of the Person of Nattie Kennebrew Court authorizes Andrew to take Nattie out of state to Michigan Andrew is ordered to show proof of filing of conservatorship in Michigan California court inclined to terminate CA conservatorship upon Michigan order granting conservatorship Andrew ordered to obtain a doctors evaluation of Ctees medication and file report in CA Status hearing set for 10/25/2013 regarding medication, placement and status of conservatorship in Michigan DA’s petition to appoint PG is denied with prejudice and PG is excused from case

10 Chronology continued Probate Court Letters of Conservatorship
Full Medical Powers Dementia Medications Granted NO Dementia Placement powers granted No evidence Nattie needs a locked placement DA objects strongly – wants Nattie in a locked placement Court Response Thoughtful, extensive oral response regarding role of Probate conservatorship and the appropriate use of the conservatorship Tells DA – not appropriate to use probate conservatorship just because her hands are statutorily tied in the criminal court matter

11 Chronology continued Criminal Court case is continued throughout the pending Probate case. Criminal Court Public Defender requests for criminal case to be dismissed is denied repeatedly. 4/10/2012 –Criminal court appearances - Notify that Probate conservatorship established. DA issues objections regarding public safety and lack of locked placement Court orders PG to explain why we are refusing to establish a conservatorship in order to place him in a setting that will serve his needs and protects the public safety. PG ordered to provide court other options to place Nattie in an environment where he will not pose a danger to public.

12 Chronology continued 5/9/2013 – PG Response to Court’s Inquiry of 4/10/2013 Defined and Reported on the following: PG Conservatorships (LPS, Murphy and Probate) PG Investigations Filing a Petition for LPS Dementia Issue Placement of LPS Conservatees History of Kennebrew case and conclusion on which conservatorship is appropriate Issue of public safety under Probate conservatorship Response will be the basis of an appeal

13 Chronology continued 5/9/2013 – DA files “Proposed Findings” and Court orders DA to prepare those findings for the minute order. Case continued to 5/15/2013 5/15/2013 – PG/CoCo file its own Findings and Order DA files amended Findings and Order – this orders PG to file a LPS and Murphy conservatorship (A and B) Court acts on DA’s Amended Findings and Orders. Court specifically states PG abused our discretion. PG ordered to file conservatorship within 45 days. Court notified that PG will file appeal

14 Appeal process 6/20/2013 – File Petition for Writ of Mandate with 2nd Appellate District Chronology of Events Request for review Failure by Trial Court to follow Karriker - Court abused its discretion Introduction of Conservatorships PG properly exercised its discretion Request for immediate stay pending decision

15 Appeal Process continued
7/12/ District Attorney files Opposition to Petition for Writ of Mandate 7/25/2013 – Appellate Court issues Palma Notice 8/23/2013 – County Counsel Reply to DA Opposition 8/23/2013 – DA objects to the filing of the Palma Notice 10/1/2013 – Appellate Court issues OSC to Judge Shapiro (criminal court judge) 10/31/2013 – County Counsel Reply to Return to Petition for Writ of Mandate

16 Appeals Process continued
11/20/2013 – Oral Arguments 12/19/2013 – Writ of Mandate is Denied 1/3/2014 – County Counsel files Petition for Rehearing 1/17/2014 – Appellate Court issues order making technical changes. Petition for rehearing is denied. 1/28/2014 – County Counsel Files Petition for Review with the State Supreme Court 4/9/2014– Petition for Review Denied.

17 Kennebrew Decision Findings
Dementia is a qualifying diagnosis for a LPS and Murphy conservatorship PG has lost discretion RE: Murphy Conservatorship. A court can order the Public Guardian to file a Murphy conservatorship Court must find the defendant currently dangerous PG role is purely ministerial – you are just carrying out the act ordered by the court to petition and to serve as conservator We believe we retain discretion RE: LPS Conservatorship Karriker case

18 Potential Impacts for LA county
Flood gates open – influx of cases? Need for more State Hospital beds Criminal court cases handled differently from designated facilities? Could potential differences lead to more legal challenges? Will Karriker prevail on LPS conservatorship cases if we are challenged by the court? Will the DA convince judges to declare someone dangerous just to get the Murphy? Modification of Designated Facilities procedures? Can designated facilities send LPS referrals for clients with only a dementia diagnosis because LPS system faster than Probate?

19 Kennebrew case 4/22/2014 Filed Murphy petition WIC 5008 (h)(1)(B)
“Protest” Petition Similar to a regular Murphy petition More facts Discussion on why we don’t agree with order to file Murphy Petition states we filed because we were ordered Case keeps getting continued for Jury Trial Probate case continued pending the decision on the Murphy petition Next court date – 9/30/2014

20 Post Kennebrew No flood gates BUT steady number of criminal court orders to investigate Note LA County has a designated mental health courtroom for 1370, 2970 and 1026 cases but cases can originate from any criminal court Most Dept 95 orders state – “Investigate suitability for LPS/Murphy conservatorship.” Some discretion but court can overrule our decision or order us to further explain decisions Outlying courts either quote Kennebrew or use “initiate conservatorship proceedings” (Karriker) Cases refused pre-Kennebrew are coming back through new court ordered investigations

21 Post kennebrew continued
Adapting to Kennebrew Procedures Protest Petitions Dementia only cases – If ordered to investigate suitability of LPS/Murphy we are conducting more joint Probate and LPS investigations (2 deputies) to determine what is the most appropriate conservatorship, including if Probate is more appropriate Challenges No consistency within DA’s office or courts Problems with documentation from State Hospital regarding GD or dangerousness Placement remains a ? Desire for PG to solve the problems faced by the criminal justice system

22 Post kennebrew continued
Statistics 0ver 30 cases referred with older adults committing violent crimes with diagnosis of dementia/TBI/Neurocognitive Disorder Conducted over 3 Murphy petitions filed – 2 are protest petitions 2 Probate conservatorships filed in lieu of LPS/Murphy 1 Probate petition filed – order by criminal court handling misdemeanor charge

23 People v Kennebrew

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