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Hurricane Katrina: Perceptions of Older People in a Community Accepting Displaced Victims Yoshinori Kamo, Tammy L. Henderson, & Karen A. Roberto The Annual.

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Presentation on theme: "Hurricane Katrina: Perceptions of Older People in a Community Accepting Displaced Victims Yoshinori Kamo, Tammy L. Henderson, & Karen A. Roberto The Annual."— Presentation transcript:

1 Hurricane Katrina: Perceptions of Older People in a Community Accepting Displaced Victims Yoshinori Kamo, Tammy L. Henderson, & Karen A. Roberto The Annual Meeting of the Gerontological Society of America Nov. 22, 2010, New Orleans, LA

2 Major Issues Katrina landfall in August 29, 2005. Baton Rouge (70 mi NW): a premiere destination for displaced persons from New Orleans to flee. Changes in perceptions of older people in the receiving community. Are they justified by demographic data? Changes in the attitudes of older people toward newcomers. Did it change the community itself? What determines the perceptions and attitudes? Policy implications

3 Table 1. Characteristics of the Sample (N=85) MeanS.D. Female.89.31 Black.72.45 Age71.868.41 Education12.463.33 Married.29.46 Income17.5911.97 Health3.071.15 MeanS.D. Disorder (T2)3.781.10 Crowding (T2) 3.79.96 Disorder (T1)3.991.05 Crowding (T1) 3.99.90 Acceptance3.63.93 Disapproval3.231.08

4 Table 2. Perception of Change Before Katrina (Time 1) & immediately after (Time 2)

5 NOTE: Scores indicate “1=none” to “5=a great deal.” *** p<.001, ** p<.01, * p<.05, # p<.10 (or p<.05, one-tailed) ItemsT1T2Diff.N Your neighborhood3.102.89.2385 Baton Rouge, in general4.454.16.26*84 Traffic4.694.47.23*87 # people in grocery stores, restaurants, etc. 4.644.08.56***85 # people in public places, such as parks 3.773.64.1462 Access to facilities such as gyms/recreation centers 3.793.43.37*66

6 NOTE: Scores indicate “1=none” to “5=a great deal.” *** p<.001, ** p<.01, * p<.05, # p<.10 (or p<.05, one-tailed) ItemsT1T2Diff.N Litter, trash, & clutter3.953.41.55**85 Security in stores4.123.67.46**80 Visibility of police on the highways, neighborhoods, etc. 3.653.40.25#79 Violent crimes3.803.98-.1277 Crimes such as theft & vandalism 3.88.0379

7 ItemsT1T2Diff.N Drug trafficking3.914.08-.1957 Gang activity3.313.51-.1952 Rent, housing prices4.224.40-.2075 Wait time for doctor dentist, etc. 3.113.04.0879 Wait time for auto/house hold repair services 3.573.33.2373 Mail service3.242.74.49**84 NOTE: Scores indicate “1=none” to “5=a great deal.” *** p<.001, ** p<.01, * p<.05, # p<.10 (or p<.05, one-tailed)

8 ItemsT1T2Diff.N Cell phone service3.192.26.95***56 Insurance premiums2.963.29-.38*70 Difficulty in getting homeowner’s insurnc. 2.182.23-.0560 Wait time to S.S, Medicare, etc. 2.482.31.1560 Other1.461.42.0767 NOTE: Scores indicate “1=none” to “5=a great deal.” *** p<.001, ** p<.01, * p<.05, # p<.10 (or p<.05, one-tailed)

9 Figure 1. Total Population Change in the New Orleans and Baton Rouge Metropolitan Areas

10 Source: US Census Bureau (2010)

11 Figure 2. Changes in Crimes in Baton Rouge

12 Sources: Federal Bureau of Investigation (2010), Baton Rouge Police Department (2010). NOTE: The number of each crime was converted to its ratio to the 2005 figure in respective crime.

13 Table 3. Perception of Other People Since Hurricane Katrina (N=88)

14 NOTES: Scores indicate “1=a lot less” to “5=a lot more.” *** p<.001, ** p<.01, * p<.05, # p<.10 (or p<.05, one-tailed), for the difference between the mean value and 3.0. Since Katrina, I am:Mean Suspicious of others3.40** Trusting of others2.86 Reserved with others3.08 Tolerant of others3.38** Fearful of others3.25# Patient with others3.69*** Frustrated with others3.02 Friendly to others3.81***

15 Table 4. Estimated Regression Equations for Older Residents’ Perceptions of Changes in Baton Rouge

16 NOTE: * p<.05, # p<.10 (or p<.05, one-tailed) Dep. Variables Social Disorder (N=85) Crowding (N=85) Change between before Katrina & Weeks following HK Now Weeks following HK Now PredictorsbBetab b b Female -.164 -.048.216.061 -.072 -.025 -.012 -.004 African American.031.013.450.185.066.033.520 #.245 Age -.006 -.046.002.012 -.008 -.078.000 -.005

17 Dep. Variables Social Disorder (N=85) Crowding (N=85) Education -.007 -.022.043.129 -.048 -.175.036.123 Married.323.141.241.100.191.097.293.140 Income -.017 -.188 -.032 * -.343.000.001 -.014 -.174 Health -.270 * -.294 -.166 -.173 -.137 -.174 -.186 # -.222 Constant 5.63 9 3.61 2 5.56 8 3.75 2 R2R2.138.224.079.150 NOTE: * p<.05, # p<.10 (or p<.05, one-tailed)

18 Table 5. Estimated Regression Equations for Older Residents’ Acceptance and Disapproval of Newcomers

19 Dep. Variables Acceptance (N=85)Disapproval (N=85) PredictorsbBetab b b Female.754 *.252.720 *.240 -.676 -.193 -.739 # -.211 African American.149.073.039.019.637 *.266.488.204 Age -.015 -.132 -.015 -.133.023.177.022.174 Education -.001 -.004 -.010 -.038 -.008 -.024 -.022 -.067 Married.108.053.048.024 -.060 -.026 -.141 -.060 NOTE: * p<.05, # p<.10 (or p<.05, one-tailed)

20 Income -.017 -.216 -.011 -.137.008.091.018.198 Health.110.136.150.185 -.150 -.159 -.095 -.101 Disorder.162.193.293 #.298 Crowding.070.073.033.029 Constant 3.82 7 2.97 8 2.16 9.988 R2R2.119.167.118.197 NOTE: * p<.05, # p<.10 (or p<.05, one-tailed)


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