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The Present Tense of Stem-Changing Verbs: e ie, o ue (El tiempo presente de los verbos de cambio radical)

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Presentation on theme: "The Present Tense of Stem-Changing Verbs: e ie, o ue (El tiempo presente de los verbos de cambio radical)"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Present Tense of Stem-Changing Verbs: e ie, o ue (El tiempo presente de los verbos de cambio radical)

2 There is a fairly large group of verbs in Spanish that undergo changes in their stem when conjugated in the present tense. These changes occur only in the first and second persons singular and third persons singular and plural. When a line is drawn around the forms that change, the resulting shape vaguely resembles a boot or high-top shoe; thus, these verbs are sometimes informally called boot verbs. There are three types or classes of boot verbs.

3 entiendo entiendes entiende entendemos entendéis entienden Type 1: e ie Well use entender, to understand, as an example of this type.

4 Here are some other common e ie verbs: empezar, comenzar to begin entender to understand querer to want, to love preferir to prefer

5 E-IE nevar- to snow merendar- to snack cerrar- to close pensar- to think perder- to lose

6 Type 2: o ue Well use poder, to be able, as an example of this type.

7 Here are some other common o ue verbs: volver to return, to come back costar* to cost dormir to sleep encontrar to find almorzar to have lunch * Costar is normally used only in the third persons.

8 O-UE llover- to rain recordar- to remember devolver- to return (items) encontrar- to find

9 The verbs querer and preferir Expressing desires and preferences Querer and preferir are important stem- changing verbs that have multiple uses.

10 quiero quieres quiere queremos queréis quieren querer When used with a thing as the direct object, querer means to want.

11 ¿Quiere un sándwich de pollo? Sí, y quiero papas fritas también, por favor.

12 querer When used with a person as the direct object, querer means to love. quiero quieres quiere queremos queréis quieren

13 Quiero mucho a su hija, señor Vega.

14 prefiero prefieres prefiere preferimos preferís prefieren preferir Preferir, of course, means to prefer.

15 ¿Quiere un sándwich de pollo? No señor, prefiero una hamburguesa.

16 FIN


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