Presentation on theme: "Why do People Move?, part 3 Based on lesson “Why Do People Move?” From Middle School World Geography, National Council on Economic Education, 2004."— Presentation transcript:
Why do People Move?, part 3 Based on lesson “Why Do People Move?” From Middle School World Geography, National Council on Economic Education, 2004
Andre – Port-au-Prince, Haiti It is 1981. Andre and his family live in a village near Port-au-Prince. They do not believe in the policies of Haiti’s government, so the government is persecuting them. Andre’s family decides to go to America because they know their beliefs will be more accepted there. They have friends there who tell them work is available and Andre can attend school. Andre’s family is not wealthy. They cannot travel by airplane because they do not have their government’s permission to leave Haiti. They must leave most of their possessions, their friends and many family members behind.
Andre PUSH Persecution PULL Acceptance BENEFITS Acceptance, possible work, education, friends COSTS Leaving home, family and friends; new language and culture
Thomas -- Ireland It is 1890. Thomas and his family live in southern Ireland. Thomas’s father wants his own land to farm, but because there is a shortage of good farm land, Thomas’s father has to lease land from a landlord. Thomas’s family is very poor even though they work hard as farmers. The family hears that America has good farmland, so they decide to emigrate to Oklahoma Territory. Although they do not have much money, they do have items they can barter for transportation.
Thomas PUSH Shortage of land PULL Availability of land BENEFITS Land ownership, access to food COSTS Giving up possessions, leaving family and friends
Nguyen – South Vietnam It is 1975. Nguyen and her family live in a village 20 miles from Saigon. The war between North and South Vietnam is almost over. It is a time of terrible hardship. Nguyen’s father knows that when the war ends, his family must make many changes he does not want to make. Nguyen’s family decides to migrate to America where they will be free. They have heard they will be able to find work and Nguyen can go to school. They are very poor with only a small amount of money to pay for their trip. They leave behind their possessions and friends.
Nguyen PUSH War PULL Freedom BENEFITS Freedom, possible jobs, education COSTS Leaving friends and family, learning new language and customs, travel expenses
Alejandro – Central Mexico It is 1910. Alejandro and his family live in a village in Central Mexico. A great revolution is going on, and it is very dangerous for Alejandro’s family. They decide to leave Mexico and travel to America where it is safe and where they will be able to find work. Alejandro’s family is very poor; they have only a few possessions that they can barter for transportation to America. They do not speak English, but they have relatives in the United States.
Alejandro PUSH Revolution PULL Safety and jobs BENEFITS Safety, jobs COSTS Loss of possessions, new language and customs
Naomi -- Russia It is 1884. Naomi and her family live in Russia. Her parents have tried running several businesses, but all failed. The government has forced them to live in a restricted area because they are Jewish. Naomi’s father emigrated to America and has sent money so his family can follow him. In his letters, he tells the family that work is available, workers are treated with respect and all children are allowed to go to school. The family must leave behind many relatives and friends, and all but a few of their possessions. Naomi, her mother and siblings do not speak English.
Naomi PUSH Persecution PULL Work, respect and education BENEFITS Freedom, jobs, education for children, family nearby COSTS Leaving family and friends, learning a new language and new customs, leaving possessions
Yuri – Ukraine It is 1995. Yuri and his family live in Ukraine. Ukraine was part of the Soviet Union, but now it is an independent country. Many families struggle to survive because food is scarce. Yuri’s father and mother are well educated, but few jobs are available. They decide to emigrate to the United States, to an area where other Ukraines are living and it is possible to find work. They also know their son can attend school and receive a good education.
Yuri PUSH Shortage of food and jobs PULL Jobs and education BENEFITS Possible jobs, friends already there, education COSTS Leaving behind family and friends, learning new language and customs
What would you do? Would you and your family make the same decision they did? How would you feel about moving to another country?
U. S. Immigration Data Top 20 Countries of Birth, FY 2002
Mexico is #1 The largest number of people who immigrated to the U.S. were from Mexico. 219,380 people came from Mexico to the U.S. in FY 2002. 51% of the immigrants in Oklahoma are from Mexico.
Why come to the U.S. from Mexico? Mexico’s per capita income (income per person) was $9,000 in 2003 U.S. per capita income (income per person) was $37,800 in 2003
Why come to the U.S.? More opportunities More income Higher standard of living, and oftentimes, To be with family members who already live here.
Push Pull Factors PULL More income Higher standard of living To be with family members PUSH Higher level of poverty Lack of jobs and education Lower standard of living
How do other countries compare? Select one of the Top 20 countries from which immigrants come to the United States Visit the CIA World Fact Book. List push and pull factors that would influence your decision to move from the selected country to the United States http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/
Top 20 Countries Bosnia- Herzegovin a CubaHaitiSouth Korea Russia CanadaDominica n Republic IndiaMexicoUkraine ChinaEl Salvador IranPakistanUnited Kingdom ColumbiaGuatemal a JamaicaPhilippine s Vietnam
Review Questions What are the primary reasons immigrants come to the United States? What are the benefits of moving to the United States? What are the costs of moving to the United States? What “push pull” factors did you identify? What could the United States do to reduce the number of immigrants? Should the United States limit the number of immigrants?
Assessment Your mother is offered a new job with more money You will need to move 1,000 miles from here New city is bigger It has many theaters, parks, museums and shopping centers It has two major league sports teams It is near the ocean
It has excellent schools Your grandparents live 30 minutes away from the new city You have lived in the same place all of your life You and your brother have lots of friends here You just made the soccer team at school and will play on a neighborhood team this summer
Your father will have no problem finding a job in the new city but it may take him time to rebuild his list of clients Housing in the new city is more expensive so your family will need to buy a smaller house Your mother won’t move unless the family agrees to go.
What should your family do? How do you feel about the move? List the costs and benefits of making this move. Is your decision a push or pull migration? Explain your answers.
Summary Because we have unlimited wants and limited resources, we must make choices. As with any decision we make, people analyze the costs and benefits of various alternatives before making a decision to migrate. Why do people move?
Additional Resources www.ocee-ok.org Oklahoma Council on Economic Education www.ncee.net National Council on Economic Education www.econedlink.org Econ Ed Link, part of the Marco Polo Project; a source of classroom tested, Internet-based lessons for grades K-12 http://www.usgs.gov Online source for maps, lesson plans and other educational resources
for additional information….. Sue Lynn Sasser, PhD President, Oklahoma Council on Economic Education 100 N. University Drive, Box 103 Edmond, OK 73034 405.974.5627 email@example.com