4Palace at Knossos Rulers lived here, banquet halls, working areas Shrines- area dedicated to honor of gods and goddessesWalls covered with frescoes- watercolor paintings done on wet plasterTells us about importance of sea, worshiped bull and a mother goddess, women appeared freely in public
8Disappearence1400 BC- possible volcanic eruption, earthquake followed by tidal waveIntruders as well. Mycenaens (mi suh nee uhnz), first Greek speaking people of whom we have a written record
9Rulers of MycenaeMycenaean civilization dominated Aegean world from 1400 to 1200 BC.Sea traders that reached Egypt, MesopotamiaPassed on influences to later GreeksLived in separate city-states on mainland in thick walled fortress from where warrior king ruled
10Trojan War 1250 BCMay have had to do with economic rivalry between Mycenae and Troy (present day Turkey)Troy controlled vital straits, narrow water passages, connecting Mediterranean and Black seas
11LegendTrojan Prince Paris kidnapped Helen, beautiful wife of Greek king, Mycenaeans sailed to Troy to rescue her10 year battle that the Greeks ended up seizing Troy and burned the city to the ground
12Age of HomerMycenaean civilization crumbled and Dorians invaded from north1100 to 800 BC Greek civilization took step back by forgetting art of writing and other skillsHomer wrote of these times around 750 BCBlind poet who wondered to villages singing of heroic deedsIliad- Trojan WarOdyssey- Struggles of Greek hero returning home after fall of TroyHeroes display honor, courage, and eloquence
13How did trade contribute to the development of Minoan and Mycenaean civilizations? Through trade, Minoans and Mycenaeans learned ideas and technology from Egypt and Mesopotamia.
14What impact did Mycenaean civilization have on later Greeks? Mycenaeans passed on writing, legends, and other cultural features to later Greeks
15What values of the ancient Greeks are found in the poems of Homer? Honor, courage, and eloquence
16In addition to location near water, what other geographic features or natural resources would have been important to an early people who made their living as sea traders?Resources needed to build boats, such as wood, as well as rock-free harbors that can be reached safely
17Do you think the epics of Homer are probably a reliable source of information about the history of the ancient Greeks? Why or why not?Yes and no. Homer’s epics are based partly on fact. For example, the remains of Troy have been found. However, his epics are filled with myths and legends.