Presentation on theme: "Disabled People. Definition of disability Disability is a physical or mental impairment which has real and long-term adverse effect on the person’s ability."— Presentation transcript:
Definition of disability Disability is a physical or mental impairment which has real and long-term adverse effect on the person’s ability to carry out normal day-to-day activities.
The World Health Organization’s definition Disability is an umbrella term, covering impairments, activity limitations, and participation restrictions. An impairment is a problem in body function or structure; an activity limitation is a difficulty encountered by an individual in executing a task or action; while a participation restriction is a problem experienced by an individual in involvement in life situations. Disability is an umbrella term, covering impairments, activity limitations, and participation restrictions. An impairment is a problem in body function or structure; an activity limitation is a difficulty encountered by an individual in executing a task or action; while a participation restriction is a problem experienced by an individual in involvement in life situations.
Thus disability is a complex phenomenon, reflecting an interaction between features of a person’s body and features of the society in which he or she lives. Thus disability is a complex phenomenon, reflecting an interaction between features of a person’s body and features of the society in which he or she lives.
Disability as an imprecise concept People dealing with long-term or short- term issues People disabled from birth or disabled later in life People who define themselves as disabled and those who do not People who meet the criteria of any of a number, or those who do not
Multidimensionality Disability is conceptualized as being a multidimensional experience for the person involved. There may be effects on organs or body parts and there may be effects on a person's participation in areas of life.
Three main dimensions Three dimensions of disability are recognized: 1.body structure and function (and impairment thereof) 2. activity (and activity restrictions) and 3. participation (and participation restrictions).
Categories of disability Autism Deaf-Blindness Daefness and hearing impairment Visual impairment including blindness Emotional disturbance Mental retardation Multiple disabilities Orthopedic impairment Specific learning diability Speech or language impairment Traumatic brain injury
Disability facts Only 17 % of disabled people were born with their disabilities One in four people will be affected by mental ill health Mental health problems, such as anxiety and depression, now account for more incapacity benefit claims than back pain One in four men and one in five women will suffer a critical illness before they are 65
Famous disabled persons 6EeIhFM 6EeIhFM
Disabled people in Great Britain
There are around 10 million disabled people in Great Britain (one in five of the adult population) 7 % of them live in communal establishments, others independently in their own homes
Employment Over 1 million disabled people are not working and are on benefits, but are keen to work Disabled people are denied an opportunity to enter or remain in work because of fears and stereotypes about their abilities
Workers with disabilities 58 % found it difficult to get an interview 57 % need flexible hours 35 % have been harassed by a boss 25 % need adapted equipment or technology 15 % need adaptation of building or work space
Services for the disabled Provided by local social services who have to identify the number of disabled people in their area Include day services, advice and help, day centres, adaptations to the home paid by local authorities
Disability Discrimination Act of 1995 Illegal to treat disabled people less favourably at work The right of access to goods and services (reasonable adjustments have to be made) National Disability Council established
The Equality Act 2010 From 1 October 2010, the Equality Act replaced most of the Disability Discrimination Act (DDA). The Equality Act 2010 aims to protect disabled people and prevent disability discrimination.
Equality Act 2010 It provides legal rights for disabled people in the areas of: employment education access to goods, services and facilities including larger private clubs and land based transport services buying and renting land or property functions of public bodies, for example the issuing of licences
Rights of carers The Equality Act also provides rights for people not to be directly discriminated against or harassed because they have an association with a disabled person. This can apply to a carer or parent of a disabled person.
The definition of ‘disability’ under the Equality Act 2010 In the Act, a person has a disability if: they have a physical or mental impairment the impairment has a substantial and long-term adverse effect on their ability to perform normal day-to-day activities
Disabled persons in Croatia
Terminology In Croatia there is no single definition of persons with disabilities. Different systems also use different terms, sometimes resulting in small or large practical problems.
The Law on Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment of Persons with Disabilities 2002 The person with a disability is any person with is a physical, sensory or mental impairment which results in a permanent or reduced possibility of meeting personal needs in everyday life.
Share of disabled persons Croatia has 4,290,612 inhabitants, according to preliminary results of the 2011 census (Central Bureau of Statistics). There were 531,506 persons with disabilities registered, of which 318,169 males (59.9%) and 213,337 females (40.1%), comprising approximately 12% of the total population of the Republic of Croatia.
Ombudswoman for persons with disabilities On 30 May 2008 by unanimous vote of the Croatian Parliament Ms Anka Slonjsak was appointed the first Croatian ombudswoman for persons with disabilities.
The National Strategy Government of the Republic of Croatia is issuing a new document – the National Strategy of Equalization of Possibilities for Persons with Disabilities from the Year 2007 till the Year 2015 with the goal of advancing and strengthening protection of persons with disabilities and children with developmental difficulties.
The aim of the Strategy to achieve accessibility of all civil, political, social, cultural and economic rights to persons with disabilities.
From the Constitution Article 57 The State shall ensure the right to assistance for weak, helpless and other citizens unable to meet their basic needs owing to unemployment or incapacity to work.