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Gramática 7.1 Double Object Pronouns Double Object Pronouns with Commands Adverbs El 10/11 de mayo.

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Presentation on theme: "Gramática 7.1 Double Object Pronouns Double Object Pronouns with Commands Adverbs El 10/11 de mayo."— Presentation transcript:

1 Gramática 7.1 Double Object Pronouns Double Object Pronouns with Commands Adverbs El 10/11 de mayo

2 Notes You will copy the following notes on page 190 of your INB. The title for this section is: Double Object Pronouns If you run out of room, get a loose leaf-paper and continue your notes there.

3 Double Object Pronouns Some verbs such as recomendar, dejar, pedir, servir, traer, llevar, and dar can have direct object and indirect object. Remember to use the indirect object pronoun whenever there is an indirect object El mesero nos recomendó (a Lelí y a mí) el plato del día. Indirect Object Pronouns menos teos leles Direct Object Pronouns menos teos lo/lalos/las

4 Double Object Pronouns When you use a direct and an indirect object pronoun together, the indirect object pronoun always come first. Change the indirect object pronouns le/les to se when used with lo/la/los/las. ¿Le dejaron la propina al mesero? Sí, ya se la dejamos.

5 Double Object Pronoun When you use two object pronouns together, the direct object pronoun will usually be lo, la, los or las. Necesitamos pagar la cuenta. ¿Puede traérnosla, por favor?

6 Notes You will copy the following notes on page 190 of your INB. The title for this section is: Double Object Pronouns with Commands If you run out of room, get a loose leaf-paper and continue your notes there.

7 Double Object Pronouns with Commands You know to attach an object or reflexive pronoun to the end of the verb in an affirmative command and to place it just before the verb in a negative command. Julia, lávate las manos antes de comer. Si no te gusta la sopa de ajo, no la pidas.

8 Double Object Pronouns with Commands You can use an indirect object pronoun followed by a direct object pronoun in commands. They follow the same placement rules. ¿Quieres el café ahora o con el postre? Ahora no, gracias, sírvemelo después.

9 Double Object Pronouns with Commands When a reflexive pronoun is used together with a direct object, the reflexive pronoun goes before the direct object noun or pronoun. Luis, ponte la camisa antes de sentarte a comer. ¡Ay mami, no quiero! ¡Hace mucho calor! Póntela.

10 Notes You will copy the following notes on page 191 of your INB. The title for this section is: Adverbs If you run out of room, get a loose leaf-paper and continue your notes there.

11 Adverbs Adverbs can modify verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs. They often tell how, how much, how often, how well, or when. Adverbs a tiempoigualmentenunca a vecesluegopeor ayermalpoco bienmássiempre casimejortarde demasiadomenostemprano despuésmuchotodavía (no) entoncesmuyya

12 Adverbs Many adverbs that end in -ly in English end in -mente in Spanish. You add -mente to the feminine form of an adjective. If the adjective ends in -e or -l, just add -mente. sola solamentenerviosa nerviosamente fácil fácilmenteamable amablemente Adverbs constantementeconstantlyinmediatamenteimmediately generalmentegenerallydesesperadamentefrantically furiosamentefuriouslytranquilamentepeacefully, calmly rápidamentequicklydesgraciadamenteunfortunately lentamenteslowlyafortunadamenteluckily típicamentetypicallyrecientementerecently solamenteonlynerviosamentenervously fácilmenteeasilyamablementefriendly

13 Adverbs If an adjective has an accent mark, keep it even after adding -mente. The stress goes on the adjectives stressed syllable and on -men-: fácilmente, típicamente.

14 Gramática 7.2 Past Participles used as Adjectives

15 Notes You will copy the following notes on page 191 of your INB. The title for this section is: Past Participles used as Adjectives If you run out of room, get a loose leaf-paper and continue your notes there.

16 Past Participles used as adjectives To form past participles, replace the -ar infinitive ending with -ado and the -er or -ir endings with -ido. Según la receta, se necesita una taza de cebollas picadas. ¿Las puedes picar tú?

17 Past Participles used as adjectives Many adjectives that describe how food is cooked or prepared are past participles. Notice that freír (frito) and revolver (revuelto) have irregular past participles. Past Participles asado(a)roastedhervido(a)boiled balanceado(a)balancedhorneado(a)baked cocido(a)cookedpicado(a)diced congelado(a)frozenquemado(a)burned derretido(a)meltedrevuelto(a)stirred, scrambled frito(a)friedtostado(a)toasted

18 Past Participles used as adjectives Remember that past participles used as adjectives must agree with the noun they modify in gender and number. Me gustan los huevos revueltos con pan tostado.

19 Useful Vocabulary: preparación (directions) mezclar (to mix) agregar (to add) batir (to beat/whip) cortar (to cut) picar (to chop) rebanar (to slice) revolver (ue) (to stir) calentar (ie) (to heat/preheat) moler (ue) (to grind) vertir (ie) (to pour) amasar (to knead) apagar el horno (turn off the oven) medio/media (half) onza (ounce) libra (pound) tamizar (to sift) grasa (shortening/grease/lard) rallar (to shred) hornear (to bake) cocinar (to cook) a fuego mediano (over medium heat) prender el horno (to turn on the oven) la taza (cup) la lata (can) molido (ground) (#) taza(s) de harina (cup of flour) la cucharada (tablespoon) la cucharadita (teaspoon) el plato hondo (bowl) el plato (plate) la olla (pot) la sartén (skillet) la cacerola (sauce pan) la recipiente (baking dish) el cuchillo (knife) la cuchara (spoon) la tienda de comestibles (grocery store) azúcar flor (powdered sugar) hervir (to boil) masa (dough) aceite de oliva (olive oil)


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