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People Management, People Organization Main issues: People are key in software development Different ways to organize SD projects
SE, People, Hans van Vliet, © Different ways to organize people
SE, People, Hans van Vliet, © People management People have different goals People and productivity Group processes Coordination of work Importance of informal communication
SE, People, Hans van Vliet, © Mintzberg’s coordination mechanisms Simple: direct supervision Machine bureaucracy: standardization of work processes Divisionalized form: standardization of work products Professional bureaucracy: standardization of worker skills Adhocracy: mutual adjustment
SE, People, Hans van Vliet, © External and Internal forces Example context: a complex software development project in a new, not yet explored area, within a government agency External force: the bureaucratic context is likely to want to push a bureaucratic type of organization, with bosses, and hierarchical decision procedures Internal force: the project really requires a more democratic, consensus-based type of organization
SE, People, Hans van Vliet, © Reddin’s management styles task directedness relation directedness low high separation style commitment style relation style integration style
SE, People, Hans van Vliet, © Focus In both these schemes, we look from the manager to the team. We may also take the opposite position, and consider the relation and task maturity of individual team members. The manager should align his dealings with team members with their maturity.
SE, People, Hans van Vliet, © Team Organization Hierarchical organization Matrix organization Chief programmer team SWAT team Agile team/Extreme Programming (XP) Open Source Develoment
SE, People, Hans van Vliet, © Hierarchical team
SE, People, Hans van Vliet, © Matrix organization
SE, People, Hans van Vliet, © Chief programmer team
SE, People, Hans van Vliet, © Skilled worker with advanced tools (SWAT)
SE, People, Hans van Vliet, © Agile team
SE, People, Hans van Vliet, © Open Source Software Development core team co-developers active users passive users
SE, People, Hans van Vliet, © Some general rules Use fewer, and better, people Fit tasks to people Help people to get the most out of themselves Look for a well-balanced team If someone doesn’t fit the team: remove him
SE, People, Hans van Vliet, © Summary Software is written by humans Coordination issues/management styles Common team organizations in software development: Hierarchical team Matrix organization Agile team Open source development
©Ian Sommerville 2004Software Engineering, 7th edition. Chapter 25 Slide 1 Managing people l Managing people working as individuals and in groups.
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