Presentation on theme: "By: Brian 804. Section A: Is Child Labour Increasing or Decreasing? Globally, child labourers from ages 5-17 have been decreasing by 1/3 since the year."— Presentation transcript:
Section A: Is Child Labour Increasing or Decreasing? Globally, child labourers from ages 5-17 have been decreasing by 1/3 since the year 2000. The amount of child labour before the year 2000 was 246 million. After the year 2000, the amount of child labour now is 168 million. In some areas, child labour has been increasing. The areas with the largest decrease in child labour are Asia and the Pacific. Child labour in Asia and the Pacific have been decreasing from 113,607 in 2008 to 77,723 in 2012 because of social protection. Social Protection is part of the International Labour Organization (ILO). Social protection is both a human right and makes the economic and social sense. Social protection enables access to education, health care and nutrition and plays a critical role in the fight against child labour. When poverty is reduced, families are able to send their children to school so they can break the barriers to education. Also, in Asia and the Pacific the government made policies to eliminate child labour. Even though child labour in Asia and the Pacific are decreasing, child labour in Africa is increasing.
Section A: Is Child Labour Increasing or Decreasing? Part 2 In Africa, child labour has been increasing because there are many families that are in poverty. For example, 60% of Somalis are under the poverty line resulting in uneducated children. Cycle of poverty is created when children are uneducated, they will become uneducated adults. In Africa, 25.3% of the children are engaged in child labour. This means every 1 out of 4 children are engaged in child labour. In Somalia, 60% which is most of the child labourers, work in agriculture, 25.6% work in services, 7% work in industry and 7.5% work in undefined areas. There are no policies against child labour because in Somalia there is no official government. The birth rate of Somalia is 40.87 births/1,000 population (2014 est.). Child labour globally from 2004 to 2008 has decreased by 3% because in some areas like Asia and the Pacific, child labour has decreased and in some parts in Africa like Somalia child labour has increased. This means child labour is going to decrease at a very slow rate meaning that the goal for child labour won’t be achieve by the year 2016.
Section B: UNICEF Unicef donates less than 14% of their donations to children’s issue. The remainder of the donated money goes to the advertisement. For example, the CEO receives $1,200,000 of donations per year. From that donation, only $0.14 is actually donated to child labour. The reason Unicef donates pennies to child labour because Unicef needs most of the money to pay their employees. For example Unicef pays employ Marsh J Evans $651,957 per year. She uses that money for trips with her family, and receives a fully paid health and dental plan.
Section B: UNICEF Part 2 Unicef advertises by showing photos of child labour. For example, Unicef shows a photograph of a boy sitting on the ground. The boy is dirty, tired, and sad looking. He is surrounded by trash and other unclean materials. Also, he is wearing a shackle around his ankle connected to a chain. This creates an effect for people to donate to Unicef to eliminate child labour. Also, this creates another effect such that people may boycott Nike products. Nike buys many products made by child labourers, so when people boycott Nike products, the manufactures many not be able to employee child labourers. This may help decrease child labour faster to achieve the goal.
Section B: UNICEF Part 3 Unicef helps child labour by providing education with a sponsored inter-regional programme called Education as a Preventive Strategy. This Strategy requires three main challenges: 1. Access. Access is getting working children into the classroom. Strategies to achieve this include early childhood programmes, distance learning, bilingual education and flexible scheduling of classes, so that children who are working can also attend school. 2. Second chance opportunities. Second chance opportunities is getting working children in school often requires transitional arrangements, including non-formal education and accelerated classes. 3. Retention. Retention is keeping children at risk of dropping out because of economic, cultural and social reasons, in school. Interventions include financial incentives to families, and improving the quality of education by integrating life skills and livelihood components.
Section B: ME to WE ME to WE is an organization whose goal is to free the children. ME to WE donates 90% of their donations to their child labour causes. The other 10% of the donations are used for administration rate. In 2013, ME to WE spent 46.9% of their budget towards child labour. Also in 2013, ME to WE spent 43.5% of their donations towards child labour. This means ME to WE mostly donates to child labour hoping to end child labour quickly.
Section B: ME to WE Part 2 ME to WE helps child labour education by the organization’s international development model, Adopt a Village, offers long-term support to communities in which it works. Rather than offering hand- outs, me to we works with local community members to free children and their families from the grips of poverty, in order to one day leave a self-sustaining community behind. An international charity and educational partner, the organization —which has formed successful partnerships with top school boards and leading corporations. Also, works in 45 countries and has built more than 650 schools and school rooms in developing regions, providing education to more than 55,000 children every day. ME to WE building schools in 45 different countries is great because children who are poor can get out of the cycle of being in poverty. But the negative side to build schools with child labour is that it would be easier of a target to take children away from that school to do more child labour. This would create a longer times for families to break the cycle of poverty.
Section B: Comparing Charities In my opinion, I think ME to WE is a better charity because Unicef spends less than 14% of their donations to their causes. Also, pennies are actually donated to child labour. ME to WE donates 90% of their donations to their causes and 10% of their donations goes towards their administration rate. Also in 2013, ME to WE spent 43.5% of their donations towards child labour. This means ME to WE mostly donates to child labour to end the cause more quickly. Unicef helps child labour education by creating a sponsored inter- regional programme called Education as a Preventive Strategy, which seeks to respond to three main challenges. The three main challenges are making children learn in schools, keeping the risk of children from dropping out of school and getting working children into schools. ME to WE build 650 schools in 45 countries providing education to reduce poverty.
Section C: Media Attention Media brings attention to child labour by having many photos of child labour. Unicef used a child labour photo to describe what was happening to the children to receive your attention. For example, it is filled with many elements and principles of design that make it a very effective advertisement. One of the most important elements used in the photo is colour. The majority of the picture is either brown or gray to describe dirty situations. In comparison, the red colour is used to draw the attention of the viewer because it symbolizes blood and pain. The element of movement is also used, as the eye travels through the picture. People will view from the foot up the leg and then directly to the sad face of the boy. This is effective because the foot with the red painful looking Nike symbol makes the viewer curious and concerned when they look to the face of the innocent boy. The angle of the photo makes the foot appear larger making it one of the focus areas of the picture. It also diminishes the size of the boy, creating the illusion that he is small and helpless.
Section C: Media Education The Unicef media advertises an end to child labour by integrating governments, international organizations, civil society, private sector and children and their families. These are the key to ending child labour. The decrease of child labour globally from 246 million to 168 million is good news for child labours because they won’t face lifelong negative consequences for children’s physical, mental and social development. Millions of children work to support their families, but child labour becomes unacceptable when it is carried out by children who are too young and who should be in school. Also, there are many children who are doing work unsuitable for anyone under 18 years of age. In the worst forms of child labour, children are exposed to health hazards and to physical danger. Their development is threatened, and they are subjected to exploitation.
Section C: Media Solutions The media solution is to end all forms of child labour by 2016. Ending child labour is a solution because child labourers won’t be affected by the lifelong negative consequences for children’s physical, mental and social development. Also, ending child labour is a solution because the child labourers won’t be in the worst forms causing them to be exposed to health hazards and to physical danger, threatened development, and they are subjected to exploitation. Another solution is to donate to charities such as Unicef and/or ME to WE.
Video http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_q79GixPHfc The techniques used in this video are attention, education and solutions. The attention was used in this video because the choice of colour caught attention of the viewer by showing a boy doing work. Also, there were pictures to show how child labourers live. The education was used in this video because the boy explained how long he worked as a child labourer, how older children beat him up for his money and why he has to be in the child labour work force. The solution in this video was used because in the end, the narrators’ solution was to find more information about Unicef.