Presentation on theme: "CHILD LABOR PAKISTAN-Garments Industry. Did you know? Not Every Child on this earth has a “Luxury” to have colorful toys and smiles on their face."— Presentation transcript:
CHILD LABOR PAKISTAN-Garments Industry
Did you know? Not Every Child on this earth has a “Luxury” to have colorful toys and smiles on their face.
For millions of childern a Toy means an iron rod to crush stones since early morning till night … OR…
To Carry a burden of life for which they are not ready … Or..
To move the wheel of their life towards an un-known destination ….
They have never gone to school but they work side by side with their parents…
If they don’t work or get lazy they are beaten up.. Badly…
Or even put in Private Prisons…
So that No One can hear their cries and they work again…as their masters desire…
A 10 year old Pakistani Child Iqbal Masih, who has been a child labor working 16 hours a day stood as a rock against the child labor and challenged the child labor mafia in Pakistan. He also visited USA to create awareness about child labor.. Really a great little hero... Many books were written on his courage…BUT..
Iqbal Masih met the same fate as all meet who dare to speak against Child Labor.. HE WAS SHOT DEAD IN PAKISTAN… But the question remains WHO KILLED IQBAL MASIH… Those who want to buy cheap goods from Third World Countries or Those who help to Produce cheap goods using child labor.. Ask your self.. Guess both are responsible for his murder..
It is interesting to note that about 95% children are working as a child labor for Multinational Corporations…as they are the cheap means of labor keeping the selling price LOW..
The products of these companies which we buy always at “LOW” prices are produced by the childern who pay HIGH price of their future….
As we said before… Not Every Child on this earth has a “Luxury” to have colorful toys and smiles on their face…there are over 158 million children between 5-14 years of age who are working as a child labor ….. What Does Child Labor Actually Mean…. Lets explore…
Child Labor Definition A child 4-14 years of age who is forced to work. Bonded labor occurs when he is sold against debt taken by family. A child works under worst conditions almost 16 hours a day.
WHERE DO CHILD LABORERS LIVE? Asia 61% Africa 32% Latin America 7%
Why Should We Care? Over 20 years 730 million children will join the world’s workforce which is more than today’s total workforce. All these 730 million children will be uneducated and destroyed health. What good we should expect from uneducated children. Are we ready to hand over the future of the world to millions of uneducated and unhealthy children. NO SAVE THE WORLD SAVE THE CHILDREN
Role Of Culture in Child Labor Culture who gives value to child’s growth and education are free from child labor. Cultures where a birth of baby girl is not liked results increase of girl’s child labor. Cultures which have economic challenges have high child labor.
Child Labor Laws-Pakistan Legal minimum age of employment is 14 years for industry and 15 years for mines and railways. Forced labor is punishable act. It is easy to pass a law but hard to implement…??
Role of Multi National Companies (MNC’s) –Child Labor For last 100 years MNC’s are moving to third world countries to cut down the expenses and stay competitive in developed countries. Third world country’s manufacturing units employ children as labor who are cheap and can be forced to work for long hours. 95% of child labor is engaged in producing “cheap goods” for the MNC’s.
Role of Multi National Companies (MNC’s) – Child Labor (Continued) An MNC’s basic motive to move offshore is to increase share holders value. The cost reduction of goods is not “Free Of Cost” rather children are paying high price of their lives.
Apparel Industry MNC’s Code Of Conduct-Child Labor Child Labor Free Certification Factory does not use child as labor. Factory adheres to the local child labor laws. Incase the law does not define minimum age of a child we consider a children below 14 years of age as a child. Factory can not employ a child as an apprentice. The company follows the general labor laws and minimum wage. Violation will lead to a order cancellation and termination of future relationship.
Apparel Industry MNC’s Code Of Conduct- Child Labor (Continued) Factory visits Twice in a year company’s auditors will pay a surprise visit to a factory to check child labor.
Apparel Industry MNC’s Code Of Conduct- Child Labor (Continued) Documentation and Age verification. Factory must keep official documents of every worker showing their date of birth.
Apparel Industry MNC’s Code Of Conduct- Child Labor (Continued) Preferred Manufacturing Unit Status. It will be given to a company which proves Zero Child Labor. Thus, while placing orders that unit will be given priority.
Apparel Industry MNC’s Code Of Conduct- Child Labor (Continued) Additional Label “Child Labor Free Jacket” will be sewn to show our commitment in reducing child labor. This will help to build a positive image before customers.
Conclusion MNC’s behavior to “sell for less” is the main cause that forces third world’s manufacturers to seek cheap means of production. This ultimately gives birth to the child labor which is cheap and readily available in these countries. Therefore, we suggest that along with enforcing code of conduct as suggested above the MNC’s should also not unnecessarily push for the cheapest per unit prices. We do hope that change of MNC’s behavior coupled by strict enforcement of code of conduct the curse of child labor can be eradicated up to a great extent.