Presentation on theme: "MANAGING THE PATIENT, PARENT AND PRACTICE III"— Presentation transcript:
1MANAGING THE PATIENT, PARENT AND PRACTICE III “THE DENTIST-CHILD RELATIONSHIP”
2COMMUNICATING WITH CHILDREN Effective communication is a primary objective.Communicate in two basic ways:verbally: school activities,pets,articles of clothing, children’s television programs, books, muppetsnon-verbally: holding young child in lap; touching tenderly, smiling approvingly
4TELL-SHOW-DOTell-Show-Do is the classical model for communicating with children in the dental environment.Developed (first documented in the literature) by Harold Addelston, of New York University’s School of Dentistry.
5TELL TELL TELL… using euphemisms (substitute language) beforeduringafterTELL… using euphemisms (substitute language)Understanding criticalBe honest in your TELLing!
6SHOWSHOW (demonstrate) the child what will be happening,how it will happen, and with what equipment.But, it is not wise to SHOW fear- promoting instruments.Remember the multi-sensory perspective in SHOWing: children can HEAR, SEE, TOUCH, TASTE, and SMELL.
7DO DO what you said you were going to do. DO it in the manner you said you were going to do it.As you DO it, continue to TELL the child what you are DOing.DO NOT DO until the child has a clear awareness and understanding of what you are going to DO.DO it expeditiously!
8GINOTT PRINCIPLES Acknowledge the child’s experience. Grant in fantasy what you cannot grant in reality.Children are equal in dignity.PraiseGive children choices-offer optionsAcknowledge correctnessChildren need to be liked.
9GORDON MODEL FOR COMMUNICATING WITH CHILDREN Parent Effectiveness Trainingby Thomas Gordon
11“OWNING THE PROBLEM”In the dental setting (and in every human relationship) there are times when:The dentist “owns the problem;” that is, some need the dentist has is not being met.The child “owns the problem;” that is, some need of the child is not being met.There is “no problem,” as the needs of both the child and the dentist are being met.
12THREE “PROBLEM” CIRCUMSTANCES IN THE DENTAL ENVIRONMENT Child is whining because doesn’t want to be in dental chair; wants to be finished and with parent. But child is being cooperative so dentist can complete the treatment. THE CHILD OWNS THE PROBLEM.Child is comfortable, seeming enjoying the experience, and cooperative. THERE IS NO PROBLEM.Child is satisfying needs, but is being uncooperative, tangibly interfering with dentist having his/her needs met of completing the treatment. THE DENTIST OWNS THE PROBLEM.
13“OWNING THE PROBLEM” Dentist Owns the Problem Area of Acceptable Behavior for Dentist:Child Owns the ProblemThere is No ProblemDentist Owns the ProblemArea of Unacceptable Behavior for Dentist:
14WHEN THE CHILD “OWNS THE PROBLEM” TIREDCHILDTIREDENCODINGPROCESSDECODINGPROCESS“When are you going to be finished?“DentistChild
15WHEN THE CHILD “OWNS THE PROBLEM” TIREDCHILDTIREDENCODINGPROCESSDECODINGPROCESS“When are you going to be finished?”ChildDentist“You want to get back to school.”“No, I didn’t mean that. I meant I am really tired of holding my mouth open..”
16WHEN THE CHILD “OWNS THE PROBLEM” TIREDCHILDTIREDENCODINGPROCESSDECODINGPROCESS“When are you going to be finished?”ChildDentist“You’re getting tired.”
17ACTIVE LISTENING...In active listening, the receiver tries to understand what the sender’s message means.S/he then puts his/her understanding of it into own words and feeds it back to the sender for verification.Does not send a message of own--such as an evaluation, opinion, advice, analysis or question--only understanding of the sender’s message.
18the child “owns the problem.” ACTIVE LISTENING.... . . is used when:the child “owns the problem.”
19ACTIVE LISTENING...Helps children discover exactly what they are feeling.Helps children become less afraid of negative feelings. When dentist accepts the feelings the child learns that “feelings are friendly.”Promotes a relationship of warmth between the dentist and the child. Being heard and understood is very satisfying.Facilitates problem-solving by the child.Influences the child to be more willing to listen to the dentist’s thoughts and ideas.
20WHEN THE DENTIST “OWNS THE PROBLEM” When the dentist is prevented from accomplishing what needs to be done, that is, the child’s behavior is effectively preventing such, the dentist, “owns the problem.”At such times, the dentist must confront the child’s behavior in such a manner as to change it.This is done most effectively by using “I messages.”
21“YOU MESSAGES” ARE NOT HELPFUL Our natural tendency in times when the child is not behaving in a manner acceptable to us is to send a “you message:”YOU stop that!YOU must not do that!Don’t YOU ever…!YOU are being bad!YOU are not acting like a big girl!Why can’t YOU be good?!YOU should know better.
22“YOU MESSAGES”... Are put-downs. Impugn the child’s character. Deprecate the child as a person.Shatter the child’s sense of self; self-esteem.Underline the child’s inadequacies.Cast a judgement on the child’s personalityThey point the finger of blame toward the child, and are roadblocks to communication.
23WHEN THE DENTIST “OWNS THE PROBLEM” FrustratedENCODINGPROCESS“I cannot put the rubber raincoat on with hands over the mouth.!”Dentist
24WHEN THE DENTIST “OWNS THE PROBLEM” FrustratedI Am BadENCODINGPROCESSDECODINGPROCESS“You sure are no help!”DentistChild
25WHEN THE DENTIST “OWNS THE PROBLEM” FrustratedHe is FrustratedENCODINGPROCESSDECODINGPROCESS“I cannot put the rubber raincoat on with hands over the mouth.”DentistChild
26“I MESSAGES”“I messages” are more effective in influencing a child to modify behavior.“I messages” must less apt to provoke resistance and rebellion.“I messages” are less threatening to the child.“I messages” are more effective because they place responsibility for change within the child.
27“I MESSAGES” “ I messages” can be sent non-verbally as well: A stern look says, “I am unhappy with you behavior.”A firm positioning of a squirming child in the chair says, “I need to work on a non-moving target.”
28SUMMARYWhen you have a problem with the child’s behavior…SEND AN “I MESSAGE!”When the child is having a problem…”ACTIVE LISTEN!”When neither of you have a problem, continually reinforce the child’s behavior, citing tangible aspects of that behavior.
30VOICE INTONATIONThe tone of the dentist’s voice can also be a very effective way to alter the child’s behavior.Kind to firm, or soft to stern voice can communicate much!“I’m upset!” has shock value and can gain the child’s attention quickly.