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Global Justice for Children Global Justice for Children www.beyondborders.org.

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Presentation on theme: "Global Justice for Children Global Justice for Children www.beyondborders.org."— Presentation transcript:

1 Global Justice for Children Global Justice for Children

2 Volunteer-based: Vancouver, Edmonton, Winnipeg, Toronto, Ottawa, Montreal, Quebec Volunteer-based: Vancouver, Edmonton, Winnipeg, Toronto, Ottawa, Montreal, Quebec Non-governmental Non-governmental Canadian affiliate of ECPAT International – Canadian affiliate of ECPAT International – Beyond Borders Inc. (1996)

3 Exploited Children Have No Voice Child Sex Tourism Child Sex Tourism Child sexual abuse imagery Child sexual abuse imagery Internet Luring Internet Luring “Two million children are exploited each year “Two million children are exploited each year in the global commercial sex trade” UNICEF in the global commercial sex trade” UNICEF

4 Who are the Victims? Children as young as 5. The average age is 14. Children as young as 5. The average age is 14. Children who are vulnerable: Children who are vulnerable: living in impoverished communities, living in impoverished communities, in countries with weak laws and enforcement of laws in countries with weak laws and enforcement of laws

5 Child Sex Tourism (CST) CST is an assault on the dignity of a child and a form of violent child abuse. CST is an assault on the dignity of a child and a form of violent child abuse. CST is the commercial sexual exploitation of children by a person(s) traveling outside their home country. It often involves use of accommodation and transportation services which do not belong to the offender. CST is the commercial sexual exploitation of children by a person(s) traveling outside their home country. It often involves use of accommodation and transportation services which do not belong to the offender.

6 Areas where CST occurs

7 How are children victimized? Travel: Organized tours Organized tours Independent travel (travel is affordable) Independent travel (travel is affordable) Access to children: Third party (taxi drivers, waiters, vendors) Third party (taxi drivers, waiters, vendors) Direct contact with children (street/beach children, organizations working with children) Direct contact with children (street/beach children, organizations working with children)

8 Who are the Offenders? … it could be your next door neighbour The child sex tourist could be a wealthy or budget traveller The child sex tourist could be a wealthy or budget traveller A respected businessperson or coach, married or single A respected businessperson or coach, married or single Most often male, yet women also offend against children Most often male, yet women also offend against children

9 Types of Child Sex Offenders Situational child sex offenders - the majority Abuses children by way of experimentation and sexual indiscrimination or through anonymity and impunity as a tourist. He or she does not have an exclusive sexual inclination for children. Abuses children by way of experimentation and sexual indiscrimination or through anonymity and impunity as a tourist. He or she does not have an exclusive sexual inclination for children.

10 Types of Child Sex Offenders Preferential sex offenders - the minority These offenders often play an active role in the community and are frequently seen as role models for children – doing good to do evil. Their ultimate goal is to abuse children. These offenders often play an active role in the community and are frequently seen as role models for children – doing good to do evil. Their ultimate goal is to abuse children.

11 Types of Child Sex Offenders Pedophiles - a small minority Abuse many, many victims Abuse many, many victims Suffering from a clinical condition/pathological disorder, the pedophile desires sexual contact with children exclusively. Suffering from a clinical condition/pathological disorder, the pedophile desires sexual contact with children exclusively.

12 Recent News Canadian Christopher Paul Neil Arrested in Thailand Charged with sexually exploiting more than 15 young Vietnamese boys. Had been a teacher in South Korea and in Thailand His partner was providing him with young boys in Pattaya who spent a lot of time in Cybercafes

13 Canadian child sex tourists travel the globe Donald Bakker, a B.C. resident was the first Canadian charged under Canada’s Child Sex Tourism Legislation Bill C27. Donald Bakker, a B.C. resident was the first Canadian charged under Canada’s Child Sex Tourism Legislation Bill C27. Canadians have been arrested for crimes committed in Cambodia, Colombia, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Mexico, Philippines,Thailand, United States Canadians have been arrested for crimes committed in Cambodia, Colombia, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Mexico, Philippines,Thailand, United States « Costa Rican children aged 10 to 16 years are sold in prostitution for $20 a night » - ECPAT « Costa Rican children aged 10 to 16 years are sold in prostitution for $20 a night » - ECPAT

14 Legislation 35 countries currently have extraterritorial legislation to prosecute their nationals for sexual exploitation of a child in a foreign country. 35 countries currently have extraterritorial legislation to prosecute their nationals for sexual exploitation of a child in a foreign country. 1.Algeria 2.Australia 3.Austria 4.Belgium 5.Bulgaria 6.Cyprus 7.Canada 8.China 9.Denmark 10.Ethiopia 11.Finland 12.Portugal 13.France 14.Germany 15.Iceland 16.Ireland 17.Italy 18.Japan 19.Laos 20.Luxembourg 21.Mexico 22.Morocco 23.Netherlands 24.New Zealand 25.Norway 26.Singapore 27.Slovenia 28.South Africa 29.Spain 30.Sweden 31.Switzerland 32.Taiwan 33.Thailand 34.United Kingdom 35.United States

15 Bill C27: Canada’s Child Sex Tourism Law The Prober Amendment 1996 broadened legislation so that all Canadians who sexually abuse children or commit child pornography offences in foreign jurisdictions can be held accountable under Canada’s law. The Prober Amendment 1996 broadened legislation so that all Canadians who sexually abuse children or commit child pornography offences in foreign jurisdictions can be held accountable under Canada’s law. Beyond Border’s co-founder Rosalind Prober lobbied the government for laws to protect children. Beyond Border’s co-founder Rosalind Prober lobbied the government for laws to protect children.

16 Without you there is no solution. We ask you to: Contribute to a legal defense fund to save Bill C27. A constitutional challenge launched by B.C. resident Kenneth Klassan, who faces 35 charges under the law is slated for July Contribute to a legal defense fund to save Bill C27. A constitutional challenge launched by B.C. resident Kenneth Klassan, who faces 35 charges under the law is slated for July Fund programs to further develop and implement the Code of Conduct campaign in Canada Fund programs to further develop and implement the Code of Conduct campaign in Canada Create a culture of intolerance towards the sexual exploitation of children Create a culture of intolerance towards the sexual exploitation of children Take action today Take action today

17 Barriers in prosecuting offenders Crimes not reported Crimes not reported The role of governments The role of governments Differences in language, culture and attitude towards commercial sexual exploitation of children Differences in language, culture and attitude towards commercial sexual exploitation of children Inadequate resources of police forces (staff, budget, training) Inadequate resources of police forces (staff, budget, training)

18 Beyond Borders work against CST Involved in establishing the national hot line for reporting child sex tourism Involved in establishing the national hot line for reporting child sex tourismwww.cybertip.ca Campaigning and active collaboration with the tourism industry to implement the Code of Conduct Campaigning and active collaboration with the tourism industry to implement the Code of Conduct Advocating for legal reform: national sex offender registry and passport controls on sex offenders Advocating for legal reform: national sex offender registry and passport controls on sex offenders Recognizing efforts of journalists (annual media awards) for exposing crimes against children Recognizing efforts of journalists (annual media awards) for exposing crimes against children Producing video announcements to broaden awareness of CST Producing video announcements to broaden awareness of CST

19 The Code of Conduct for the Protection of Children from Sexual Exploitation in Travel and Tourism is implemented by tourism industry partners in 23 countries. Annually, 30 million travellers use the services of tour operators who have signed the Code.

20 Incursion Voyages Award winning Quebec agency is first Canadian company to sign The Code, December Award winning Quebec agency is first Canadian company to sign The Code, December 2007.

21 THE ASSOCIATION OF CANADIAN TRAVEL AGENTS SIGNED THE CODE IN JUNE THE ASSOCIATION OF CANADIAN TRAVEL AGENTS SIGNED THE CODE IN JUNE ACTA represents the interests of some 2,600 small, medium and large travel retail corporations which employ 18,000 travel professionals in communities across the country. ACTA represents the interests of some 2,600 small, medium and large travel retail corporations which employ 18,000 travel professionals in communities across the country.

22 Socially Responsible Tourism Many governments are adopting a zero tolerance to CST. Efforts of ECPAT and its affiliates, NGO’s and tourism partners are evidenced in campaigns worldwide, including destinations favoured by Canadians - Belize, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Mexico

23 Campaigns in Sending Countries Japan France Austria

24 Campaigns in Destination Countries Brazil Philippines Kenya

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