3 BAILIWICK OF GUERNSEYGuernsey, Alderney, Sark, Herm, Jethou, Lihou, Brecqhou
4 GUERNSEY FACTS & FIGURES Population – 62,274 (circa 13,500 under 20)Unemployed – 498 (1.1%)Main Industry - FinanceAverage House Price - £346,750Reported Criminal Offences – 2954School Leaving Age – 16 (11+ exam)Legal Age to Drive a Moped (50cc) - 14
5 BACKGROUND 2001 - Review of laws affecting children - Extensive consultation- Proposals approved by States of Deliberation- New laws approved by the States- New laws approved by the Privy Council
6 Children (Guernsey and Alderney) Law 2008 Criminal Justice (Children and Juvenile Court Reform) (Bailiwick of Guernsey) Law 2008The Children (Miscellaneous Provisions) (Guernsey and Alderney) Ordinance 2009KEY LEGISLATION
7 THE CHILD YOUTH AND COMMUNITY TRIBUNAL BASIC PRINCIPLES Children’s needs and deeds must be addressed together,Children who offend often have the same needs and background as children in need of care and protection,Local community is best placed to decide what should happen to its children,The role of the family is vital in addressing needs and deeds.
8 THE CHILD YOUTH AND COMMUNITY TRIBUNAL KEY FEATURES Decision making by trained volunteers from local communityDeals with most child protection and child offendingLegal process but less formal procedureChildren’s Convenor – “gatekeeper”Active participation of all partiesMultiagency approach to assessment and interventionVoluntary intervention tried and failed or unlikely to succeedSingle order = “care requirement”
9 Does not deal with THE CHILD YOUTH AND COMMUNITY TRIBUNAL Disputed evidenceLong term careSecure accommodationSome serious or persistent offending
10 THE CHILD YOUTH AND COMMUNITY TRIBUNAL KEY DISTINGUISHING FEATURES Definition of “child”Age of criminal responsibilityGrounds for referralConvenor’s MeetingPresident of the TribunalSecure Accommodation / Community Parenting OrderCare RequirementInterim care requirementsPower to withhold information
11 THE CHILD YOUTH AND COMMUNITY TRIBUNAL THE FIRST 8 MONTHS - STATISTICS Referrals received by Children’s Convenor – 262Notifications received – 17Children referred or notified – 195Offence referrals – 212Number retained for prosecution - 78Number of hearings - 36Number of children referred to hearings – 21Number of care requirements - 8
12 THE CHILD YOUTH AND COMMUNITY TRIBUNAL THE FIRST 8 MONTHS - OBSERVATIONSNature of referralsCommunity and professional supportHearing managementLegal representationOpenness to change
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