Presentation on theme: "Child Immigrants/Refugees from Central America"— Presentation transcript:
1 Child Immigrants/Refugees from Central America Over 50,000 kids have come across the border since OctoberWhy are these kids coming?58% motivated by safety concernsCountries “racked with gang violence fueled by drug trade”Smugglers tell families children will be reunited with relatives living in the U.S.NPR – “What’s causing this immigration crisis?” 7/09/14
2 Exigence 50,000 kids since October, hundreds more each day Dire conditions in Central America
3 Position 1: We have a duty to help these children They are not “illegal immigrants,” they are refugeesThe Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act (2008) says that children from Central America must be given a court hearing before action is taken; may take up to 3 years but that’s “3 years with a long-lost relative or three years away from extreme poverty and violence.”U.S. Conference of Bishops and UN High Commissioner for Refugees call for children to be treated as refugees.
4 Language choices Refugees Protection from murder capital of the world A sympathetic term, appeal to pathosProtection from murder capital of the worldUrgency, seriousness of problem; logos and pathosFleeing persecution; Kids looking for a better lifeImplies/commonplace: “land of opportunity”We have a responsibilityIdeology/commonplace that America is an immigrant nation; we are one of the wealthiest nations in the world.U.S. Conference of Bishops, UN High Commissioner for refugeesUse of Christian ethos/professional ethos
5 Ideology Argued primarily from liberal/social justice ideology Generally pro-immigration reform
6 Position 2: These people are both a danger and an illegal burden and should be sent home. They are not refugees; they are illegal immigrants gaming the systemThis is an “invasion”They have been encouraged by Obama’s “lax immigration policies” (Rep. Robert Goodlatte, VA)We can’t afford themThey are bringing diseases
7 Language choices Illegal immigrants Diseases Invasion Unsympathetic term; criminalizes people; pathosDiseasesAppeal to fear/pathosInvasionLead to demise of country
8 Language choice, cont’d. Obama can’t control the southern borderAd hominem attack; attack on Obama’s ethos/leadershipIt’s not our responsibility to solve everyone’s problems; we can’t afford it; American taxpayers are already under siegeAppeal to logos; use of commonplace (the stressed, over-taxed American)They can’t speak English, are unskilled, and won’t be able to compete in the marketplaceAppeal to logos; appeal to pathosImplied commonplace: English is the language of the U.S.
9 Ideology Argued from primarily socially/fiscally conservative ideology Appeal to anti-immigration reform constituents
10 Ethical Frameworks Position 1: From Virtue-based; this is what a person of good moral character would doFrom ethics of care; adults have a responsibility to care for childrenJustice as fairness; these children are coming from terrible circumstances, not their fault
11 Ethical FrameworksPosition 2 - Applies ethical frameworks as they apply to Americans, not the children. In this context they see a primary responsibility to American citizens, thus:From Utilitarian; rejecting child immigrants protects Americans (economically, culturally, in health terms)Duty-based; in a rejection of 2008 law and the notion of term “refugee,” adherence to other immigration laws becomes justification