Presentation on theme: "Child Immigrants/Refugees from Central America"— Presentation transcript:
1Child Immigrants/Refugees from Central America Over 50,000 kids have come across the border since OctoberWhy are these kids coming?58% motivated by safety concernsCountries “racked with gang violence fueled by drug trade”Smugglers tell families children will be reunited with relatives living in the U.S.NPR – “What’s causing this immigration crisis?” 7/09/14
2Exigence 50,000 kids since October, hundreds more each day Dire conditions in Central America
3Position 1: We have a duty to help these children They are not “illegal immigrants,” they are refugeesThe Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act (2008) says that children from Central America must be given a court hearing before action is taken; may take up to 3 years but that’s “3 years with a long-lost relative or three years away from extreme poverty and violence.”U.S. Conference of Bishops and UN High Commissioner for Refugees call for children to be treated as refugees.
4Language choices Refugees Protection from murder capital of the world A sympathetic term, appeal to pathosProtection from murder capital of the worldUrgency, seriousness of problem; logos and pathosFleeing persecution; Kids looking for a better lifeImplies/commonplace: “land of opportunity”We have a responsibilityIdeology/commonplace that America is an immigrant nation; we are one of the wealthiest nations in the world.U.S. Conference of Bishops, UN High Commissioner for refugeesUse of Christian ethos/professional ethos
5Ideology Argued primarily from liberal/social justice ideology Generally pro-immigration reform
6Position 2: These people are both a danger and an illegal burden and should be sent home. They are not refugees; they are illegal immigrants gaming the systemThis is an “invasion”They have been encouraged by Obama’s “lax immigration policies” (Rep. Robert Goodlatte, VA)We can’t afford themThey are bringing diseases
7Language choices Illegal immigrants Diseases Invasion Unsympathetic term; criminalizes people; pathosDiseasesAppeal to fear/pathosInvasionLead to demise of country
8Language choice, cont’d. Obama can’t control the southern borderAd hominem attack; attack on Obama’s ethos/leadershipIt’s not our responsibility to solve everyone’s problems; we can’t afford it; American taxpayers are already under siegeAppeal to logos; use of commonplace (the stressed, over-taxed American)They can’t speak English, are unskilled, and won’t be able to compete in the marketplaceAppeal to logos; appeal to pathosImplied commonplace: English is the language of the U.S.
9Ideology Argued from primarily socially/fiscally conservative ideology Appeal to anti-immigration reform constituents
10Ethical Frameworks Position 1: From Virtue-based; this is what a person of good moral character would doFrom ethics of care; adults have a responsibility to care for childrenJustice as fairness; these children are coming from terrible circumstances, not their fault
11Ethical FrameworksPosition 2 - Applies ethical frameworks as they apply to Americans, not the children. In this context they see a primary responsibility to American citizens, thus:From Utilitarian; rejecting child immigrants protects Americans (economically, culturally, in health terms)Duty-based; in a rejection of 2008 law and the notion of term “refugee,” adherence to other immigration laws becomes justification