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1 Brad Richardson, Ph.D. Univ. of IA School of Social Work National Resource Center for Family Centered Practice DMC Resource.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Brad Richardson, Ph.D. Univ. of IA School of Social Work National Resource Center for Family Centered Practice DMC Resource."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Brad Richardson, Ph.D. brad-richardson@uiowa.edu Univ. of IA School of Social Work National Resource Center for Family Centered Practice DMC Resource Center www.uiowa.edu/~nrcfcp Julia Kleinschmit, MSW julia-kleinschmit@uiowa.edu Univ of IA School of Social Work & NRC for Family Centered Practice/ DMC Resource Center Frank LaMere Director Four Directions Center franklamere@msn.com Shane Frisch Supervisor, Native Unit Iowa Department of Human Services Woodbury County sfrisch@dhs.state.ia.us Research on Disproportionality Reduction Efforts

2 The National Resource Center for Family Centered Practice Established in 1977 as a national consulting division of the University of Iowa School of Social Work Established in 1977 as a national consulting division of the University of Iowa School of Social Work NRC specializes in research- supported, strength-based culturally competent family centered practice; “Doctor Outcomes” NRC specializes in research- supported, strength-based culturally competent family centered practice; “Doctor Outcomes” Beginning 2009 1 of 10 Federal Children’s Bureau NRCs – NRC on In Home Svc Beginning 2009 1 of 10 Federal Children’s Bureau NRCs – NRC on In Home Svc

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5 5 Institutional Racism Any practice that has disproportionate results -Bojko

6 What we’ll cover today...  State of Iowa child welfare practices making a difference for Native children & families in Woodbury County (the Native Unit)  Ways this project is being evaluated, with special focus on: The Scorecard to measure racial disproportionality and disparity The Scorecard to measure racial disproportionality and disparity Relative vs. stranger placement Relative vs. stranger placement Services being proviced Services being proviced  Community partnership, especially with 4 Directions as a key  What do the numbers tell us?

7 Extreme Disproportion (Robert Hill; Overrepresentation of Children of Color in Foster Care in 2000) 13) Iowa 3.76 6) Oregon 4.38 6) Oregon 4.38 5) Wyoming 4.53 5) Wyoming 4.53 4) Minnesota 4.77 4) Minnesota 4.77 3) Idaho 4.84 3) Idaho 4.84 2) New Hampshire 4.93 2) New Hampshire 4.93 1) Wisconsin 5.48 1) Wisconsin 5.48 Polk County 5.50 Polk County 5.50

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9 9 Where is Sioux City?

10 10 Tribal Affiliations of Native Children Assessed for Abuse, Woodbury County 2005-2009 Oglala Sioux Oklahoma Cherokee Omaha Potawatomie Puyallup Red Lake Band of Chippewa Rosebud Sioux Santee Sioux Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Spirit Lake Sioux Standing Rock Sioux Tunica-Biloxi Turtle Mountain Chippewa White Earth Chippewa Wisconsin Ho-Chunk Wisconsin Mille Lacs Yankton Sioux Tribe Acoma Pueblo Alaska Native Assiniboine Blackfeet Cheyenne River Sioux Chippewa Crow Creek Sioux Fort Peck Sioux Hopi Lower Brule Sioux Mdewakontan Sioux Mississippi Choctaw Mohawk Navajo Nebraska Winnebago Northern Cheyenne Tyme Madu

11 11 Local Child Welfare History  1998  Community Initiative for Native Children and Families (CINCF) begins meeting  2003  Recover Our Children (ROC): Memorial Marches for Lost Children begin  Iowa Indian Child Welfare Act  DHS Child Welfare Redesign  2004  Minority Youth and Family Initiative funded  DMC Resource Center begins providing technical assistance  2005  Native Unit begins work  2006  (Casey) Alliance and Race Matters Consortium provides technical assistance  Iowa DHS launches Redesign

12 12 Local Child Welfare History  2007  Alliance-funded advocate from 4 Directions Center helps Native families navigate or avoid system involvement  2008  Family Drug Court begins  Juvenile Court Services, IDHS, courts, and community providers work with Georgetown University and the Center for Juvenile Justice Reform to engage in “Crossover” project to address youth who are both child welfare and juvenile justice-involved.  2009  Breakthrough Series Collaboration focuses on reducing disproportionality among Native Americans and African Americans in the child welfare system.  2010  Siouxland Indian Child Welfare Traineeship Project begins  DHS restructuring  2011  Community-wide disproportionality discussion begins

13 Since 2005, the IA Dept of Human Services, through its Native Unit in Woodbury County, has been working toward practice that makes a difference… starting with the end in mind Native American children are safely raised in the Native community.

14 The Native Unit   The people Tribal/Native family liaisons - 2 Supervisor Social workers - 4 Child Protection workers “... I was surprised that they gave me a chance to participate in placement for my niece because of my past history with DHS. People change and the Unit recognized that and gave me a chance.”

15 Areas of Primary Focus  Culturally competent services being provided with intention of reuniting families  For those children who cannot presently live in their home of origin increases in placement with: Relatives and Relatives and Native foster homes Native foster homes National Resource Center for Family Centered Practice - Photo by National Geographic

16 Key Services/Practice Improvements Woodbury County Work with all self-identified Native children as if they were ICWA eligible Work with all self-identified Native children as if they were ICWA eligible Emphasis on Relative/Community/Tribal Networks Emphasis on Relative/Community/Tribal Networks Flexible resource dollar pool Flexible resource dollar pool Strong focus on cultural competence Strong focus on cultural competence Understand when the case does not belong at DHS Understand when the case does not belong at DHS Knowing how to plug in community resources and collaborate with the Native Community Knowing how to plug in community resources and collaborate with the Native Community

17 Partners in Change  Area Tribes  CASA  Casey/CSSP Alliance on Racial Equity  Child Advocacy Center  Commission of Native American Affairs  Iowa DHS  Woodbury County DHS  Iowa Legislature  Local Human Rights Commission  NICWA  Native Service Providers  Race Matters Consortium  Recover Our Children (ROC)  Sioux City Police Department  Third Judicial District  Tribal Council Leaders  Tribal Domestic Violence workers  University of Iowa  University of South Dakota

18 Ways We’ve Measured Outcomes Scorecard Update Scorecard Update Placement for children in out of home care Placement for children in out of home care ICWA Compliance Reviews ICWA Compliance Reviews Interviews with Interviews with Child welfare workers Child welfare workers Community members Community members Families served Families served Tribal ICWA specialists Tribal ICWA specialists National Association of Professional Child Welfare Administrators Disproportionality Diagnostic Tool Out of Home vs. Family-Centered Placement System Involvement Voluntary vs. Court- ordered involvement

19 Documentation of Intervention and Practice Improvement for Replication http://www.uiowa.edu/~nrcfcp/ dmcrc/myfi.shtml

20 Out of Home vs. Family Centered Placement American Indian/Alaskan Native Children vs. All Children Woodbury County DHS, 2005-2009 Out of Home PlacementFamily-Centered At Home M/YrAm IndAll CasesAm IndAll Cases n%n%n%n% 6/055239.1%29531.9%6548.9%51956.1% 7/064535.2%36133.6%7961.7%64059.5% 7/074131.8%31534.8%7961.2%62368.8% 7/084036.4%28137.9%7568.2%48164.8% 7/093734.9%24541.2%8580.2%46878.7%

21 Race Equity Scorecard Woodbury County 2005-2010 Race/ Eth Estimated Population (0-17yrs) 2 050607080910 Nat. Am908909918897 882 Asian923883866895 822 Bl1258128412271402 1601 Wh19933192461914020219 18844 All Chil. 7 23022223222215123413 22149 Hisp 6 4478542952355331 5713

22 Race Equity Scorecard: Disproportionality re: Out of Home Care Woodbury County, IA 2005-2010 Race/ Eth % of Estimated Population (0-17 yrs by State Fiscal Year) Number of children in 1 st Placement in Out of Home Care (unduplicated by State Fiscal Year) 050607080910050607080910 Nat. Am 3.94.1 3.8 4.08811112699133124 Asian4.0 3.93.8 3.7911615106 Bl5.55.85.56.0 7.2296480507755 Wh86.686.286.4 85.1284440568455473350 All Chil. 7 100 452723902790982648 Hisp 6 19.524.323.622.8 25.8513855158127

23 Race Equity Scorecard: Disproportionality re: Out of Home Care Woodbury County, IA 2005-2010 -- Percentages Race/ Eth % of Children in 1 st Placement in Out of Home Care (unduplicated) Disproportionality Rate 3 of children in 1st placement to estimated population (by State Fiscal Year) 050607080910050607080910 Nat. Am 19.515.414.012.513.519.14.93.83.43.33.54.8 Asian2.01.50.71.91.00.90.50.40.20.50.30.2 Bl6.48.9 6.37.88.51.21.51.61.11.31.2 Wh62.860.963.057.648.254.00.7 0.6 Hisp 6 0.1 0.00.30.70.8

24 Race Equity Scorecard: Disproportionality re: Out of Home Care Woodbury County, IA 2005-2010 Race/ Eth Rate per thousand: Total Children in Initial Placements 5 Disparity Ratio (DR)5 (in comparison to White representation) 050607080910SFY05SFY06SFY07SFY08SFY09SFY10 Nat Am971221371101481416.85.34.64.96.37.6 Asian10127171170.70.50.20.70.50.4 Black2350653655341.62.2 1.62.31.8 Wh14233023 191.0 Hisp1221030220.1 0.51.31.2

25 Why are these numbers going up again?

26 Key Partner: Four Directions Center  Advocacy  Information and Referral  Community meeting place/event center  Home of Community Initiative for Native Children and Families  Parenting Classes  Organizer with Recover Our Children of Annual March for Lost Children

27 Assessment: Culturally Competent Services and Approaches  Crosstraining between CPS and Four Directions Center  Meeting with families at the Four Directions Center  Utilizing Four Directions parenting instruction, funded by IA DHS Evaluation proposed for 2012 Evaluation proposed for 2012

28  Parents mostly system-involved  Adapted curriculum  Group process  Strong graduation rates  Importance of advocacy Parenting support: Empowering first to build capacity

29 Why are these numbers going up again? We have some ideas... What do you think?

30 Race Equity Scorecard: Disproportionality re: Out of Home Care Woodbury County, IA 2005-2010 Race/ Eth % of Estimated Population (0-17 yrs by State Fiscal Year) Number of children in 1 st Placement in Out of Home Care (unduplicated by State Fiscal Year) 050607080910050607080910 Nat. Am 3.94.1 3.8 4.08811112699133124 Asian4.0 3.93.8 3.7911615106 Bl5.55.85.56.0 7.2296480507755 Wh86.686.286.4 85.1284440568455473350 All Chil. 7 100 452723902790982648 Hisp 6 19.524.323.622.8 25.8513855158127

31 Race Equity Scorecard: Disproportionality re: Out of Home Care Woodbury County, IA 2005-2010 Race/ Eth Rate per thousand: Total Children in Initial Placements 5 Disparity Ratio (DR)5 (in comparison to White representation) 050607080910SFY05SFY06SFY07SFY08SFY09SFY10 Nat Am971221371101481416.85.34.64.96.37.6 Asian10127171170.70.50.20.70.50.4 Black2350653655341.62.2 1.62.31.8 Wh14233023 191.0 Hisp1221030220.1 0.51.31.2

32 The prayers of the children are powerful... Frank – who said this? Photo http://www.californiaindianeducation.org/pow_wow/soaring_eagles.html


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