Presentation on theme: "Preventing Child Neglect: It’s More than a Family Matter."— Presentation transcript:
Preventing Child Neglect: It’s More than a Family Matter
T HE S EARCH FOR A D EFINITION While there is no singular definition of child neglect, a generic statement that is unlikely to be refuted is: Child Neglect is a failure to meet children’s basic needs – whether the failure is the responsibility of parents, communities, or society – and this void places children in harm’s way.
C ONCEPTUALIZING N EGLECT Parental neglect of children Societal neglect of families Societal neglect of communities Community neglect of families
B ASICS OF C HILD N EGLECT Neglect is not one monolithic category – physical, medical, emotional & educational neglect, & inadequate supervision Dominant and most pervasive form of CA/N 70% of all child fatalities (2012) Only type of CA/N that has not declined over time More likely to recur than other forms of CA/N When recurring, cumulative impacts to child over time Can seriously impair child’s physical, cognitive, & social and emotional development
B ASICS OF C HILD N EGLECT No Single Cause of Neglect Four Evidence-Informed Characteristics that contribute to or are associated with child neglect Low socio-economic status Maternal depression and mental health disorders Substance abuse Interpersonal violence
C OSTS OF C HILD N EGLECT N ON -F ATAL V ICTIMS Lifetime Costs: $210,012 per victim $32,648 childhood health care $10,530 adult medical costs $144,360 productivity losses $7,728 child welfare costs $6,747 criminal justice costs $7,999 special education costs F ATAL V ICTIMS Lifetime Costs: $1,272,900 per victim $14,100 medical costs $1,258,800 productivity losses Total Lifetime Economic Burden of fatal & non-fatal child maltreatment (2008): $124 billion (Fang, et al., 2012)
Understanding Neglect within an Ecological System
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