Presentation on theme: "Preschool Cognitive Development. 3 Year Old Short sentences 896 Words Great growth in communication Tells simple stories Uses words as tool."— Presentation transcript:
Preschool Cognitive Development
3 Year Old Short sentences 896 Words Great growth in communication Tells simple stories Uses words as tool of thought Answers questions Imaginative May recite few nursery rhymes 4 Year Old Uses complete sentences 1540 words Asks endless questions Learning to generalize Highly imaginative Dramatic Can draw recognizable objects
Which way is the bus below traveling? To the left or to the right? Can't make up your mind? Look carefully at the picture again.
90% of the pre-schoolers said: 'The bus is traveling to the left.' When asked, “Why do you think the bus is traveling to the left?” They answered: “Because you can't see the door to get on the bus.” How does it make you feel?
Common household objects being put into categories according to similarities. Examples Blocks, buttons, silverware, colored items, laundry
Grouping nature objects into categories according to their similarities. Examples: Rocks, boys/girls, bathrooms, people characteristics, animals, things in nature
Organizing objects according to increasing or decreasing qualities. Example Age, height, weight, length, lining up, building a snowmen, your lockers
Step by step pattern of event put into correct order. Example Directions in cooking, a story, a snowman being built and then melting into water, following correct order to performing a task Your class schedule or job responsibilities
Building or doing and then undoing it Example Zip and unzip, build a sand castle and wreck it, block tower and wreck it, tie and untie
Understanding that an objects physical dimensions and amounts remain the same even though its appearance changes Example Pouring liquid from one cup into another shaped cup. Smashing a cookie dough ball or play dough, 2 different shaped cookies or containers of food.
Changing an object’s state. Example Popcorn Water into ice or ice into water, powder jello mix into jiggly jello and then adding hot water to the jello to turn it back into a liquid, growing older with age, a seed into a plant, dough into bread
1. Unfinished Picture 2. Matching terms - How many do you know? Pop popcorn
InquisitiveSymbolsEveryday Experiences Reading storiesMake-Believe PlayOpinions YES and NOEgocentricExperiment Parental AttitudeLimited FocusTest TalkConservationLanguage Ability ChoresPreoperational Stage Problem Solving Bunny math Comic-why Tea party3 little pigs Comic-bu g Comic-dough Flour/flower Check lis t Picture questions Popcorn maker
Words learned Child asking Concepts learning Caregiver asking
1. Language ability Q. This reveals a child’s intellectual development: how they think, their interests, and their personalities. 2. Preoperational Stage A. Jean Piaget said that preschoolers are in this cognitive stage 3. Experiment L. Allow children to explore and _________. This is how they learn about their world. 4. Parental Attitude O. This largely influences a preschoolers enjoyment in reading, learning, school, art, music… 5. Everyday Experiences F. Preschoolers learn best by participation and involvement in these. 6. Chores K. Preschoolers need to be included in ______and daily clean up tasks around the house.
7. Symbols B. In the preoperational stage, a preschooler learns that these represent objects and words. 8. Limited Focus E. A preoperational form where kids find it hard to concentrate on more than one feature of an object at a time. 9. Problem Solving P. Preschoolers begin to develop this skill as their cognitive abilities improve. 10. Reading Stories N. Spending time doing this with kids is an effective way to introduce them to reading. It makes learning easier and more fun. 11. Talk G. Look for opportunities to ___________ with a child about what they are seeing, doing, and experiencing. This will increase learning. 12. Egocentric D. Viewing the world in terms of their own ideas and wants shows this preoperational stage. 13. Opinions I. Ask a child’s views or ________ on subjects to increase their learning.
14. Conservation R. A cognitive skill where a child understands that even though one property of an object changes, the other property still remains the same. 15. Inquisitive H. Children are naturally this way. They ask a lot of questions because they are curious and want to understand the world around them. 16. Test M. Success of a child depends upon qualities like motivation, determination, creativity, and self-confidence, not on _________ scores. 17. YES and NO J. Ask questions to a preschooler that requires more than these type of answers to increase learning 18. Make-Believe play C. This preoperational characteristic is imitating real-life situations in fantasy play