Presentation on theme: "Models of childhood/Differences"— Presentation transcript:
1Models of childhood/Differences Lecture Three: 9/11/13
2“I’m not that innocent…” Children’s literature and culture are shaped by society’s attitudes regarding childhood.More than one attitude may prevail at any given time.The transition from child star to adulthood is one of the narratives with which we are all familiar, for instance.
3Models of Childhood Model of Childhood Brief description The Romantic ChildThe association of children with innocence and purityThe Sinful ChildThe notion of the child as sinful and in need of correctionThe Working ChildThe reality that many children had to provide for themselves and/or their families – the child as capable laborerThe Sacred ChildThe idea that childhood is a separate and sacred time and that children should be protected and coddledThe Child as Radically OtherThe belief that children are fundamentally different than adults.The Developing ChildThe hypothesis that children develop on a continuum in stagesThe Child as Miniature AdultIn contrast to the child as Other, this vision posits the child as independent and autonomous – an adult in miniature.
4Case Study: Kid Nation“For 40 days in April and May, CBS sent 40 children, ages 8-15, to a former ghost town in New Mexico to build a society from scratch. With no access to their parents, not even by telephone, the children set up their own government, laws and society in front of reality television cameras. The goal, according to creator Tom Forman (Extreme Makeover: Home Edition and Armed and Famous), was for ‘kids to succeed where adults have failed.’”Source: Fernandez, Maria Elena. "Is CBS Reality Show 'Kid Nation’ Just Child's Play?” Los Angeles Times, August 28, 2007.
7The controversiesBased upon your viewing of the trailer, what models of childhood, as articulated by Hintz and Tribunella, might be at work in potential reactions to Kid Nation?Do any of you remember watching this series? What was your reaction back then? Does it differ from your adult reaction?
9Challenges to Idealized Visions of Childhood Child CrimeChild Sex
10A Long Way GoneWhenever I teach Ismael Beah’s A Long Way Gone: Memoirs of a Boy Soldier, I ask students to think about Beah’s challenge: he has to convince his readers that he was truly innocent before being forced into soldiering so that they can believe that he could be rehabilitated later. Understanding models of childhood AND understanding the different ways of being a child are central to how we interpret children’s texts.
11Hintz and Tribunella“Clarifying how we think about children and knowing about the history of childhood will help us to understand literature written for and about them” (32)“Conversely, children’s literature can provide a way of tracing the history of childhood, since the kind of child it both implies and represents will be affected by the construction of children and childhood in the era of a literary work’s composition” (32).
12Chapter Layout for Reading Children’s Literature Main chapter, separated into headings and sub- headings (good for outlining as you study)Reading Critically – enabling you to see how Hintz and Tribunella apply what they have just taught you to a work of children’s literatureDiscussion and Essay QuestionsSuggested Activities and ReadingsApproaches to Teaching
13Homework Read Gaiman’s Coraline Complete the Coraline handout Be ready for a closed book quiz on Coraline