Presentation on theme: "Rescued Child Labor in India:"— Presentation transcript:
1Rescued Child Labor in India: A journey from starvation to povertyBy: Prof. Prabhakar GoswamiFounder/Director, I-India
2What is Child LabourChild labour can be defined as any type of work a child (up to 18 years of age) is engaged in for a large part of the day that is preventing his/her regular attendance and success in schoolWhy Child Labour is wrongViolation of child rights
3Child Labour in IndiaAccording to 2001 census, number of working children/child labour in India isIn Rajasthan, it has been reported that children are engaged with Child Labour/forced labour work
4Child Labour in Rajasthan In Rajasthan, children are engaged with Child Labour/forced labour workOrigin/States from children trafficked to RajasthanBiharJharkhandUttar Pradesh (UP)West BengalOrissaChild LabourBonded Labour
5Bihar- major source for trafficking children Bihar state of India is major source area for trafficking of children for forced labour.Districts/Regions of Bihar from children trafficked to RajasthanGayaSitamadhiRasheedpurJahanabadMadhubaniNavadaNalandaPalamu (Jharkhand )
6Reasons of trafficking of children to work Starvation-povertyNo work for the adults in villageBig size of familyFamily debts /LoansPressure from money lenders (To repay loan)Peer pressuresAttraction towards metro urban citiesMassive flooding and other natural calamity in the regionReasons to take loan:Marriage of son or daughterDeath of parentsFlood/FamineTo grow basic agricultural productsChronic-long sickness of family memberMigration for employment purpose
7Major sectors in which child labor involved Thousands of children are trafficked every year to work in towns or cities of Rajasthan and especially Jaipur in various unorganised sectors of workCategorization of sectors:Gem sectors where children are engaged to workEmbroidery (Aari Tari)Beedi (Local cigarette) makingCarpet weavingB.T. Cotton Agricultural fieldsStone mining workBricks making placesDomestic servants
8Situation of Child Labour in Jaipur/Rajasthan Children under the age of 14 are forced to work in hazardous workplaces and they majorly experienced mistreatment and exploitation by their employers. They usually work for more than 14 hrs a day.Working conditions:Over crowded small room in slumsNo proper ventilationNo proper lightNo safe drinking waterPoor shower facilities (Twice in a week)No proper beddingNo fan, even during summer time (44-45 degree C)
9Rescue operation conducted by I-India In a major crackdown against child labour, Jaipur police, Childline Jaipur and I-India rescued nearly 117 children on June 18, 2011.Facts about rescue operation:Child help line got information about child labor at particular point.Child Help Line contacted police to rescue children.Childline workers, police and social workers strategized the operationThey reached to work place and performed raidChildren's employers were arrested and children were sent to custodyof Child Welfare N.G.Os /shelter homes.
10Facts about rescued children: 117 boys rescued through this operationabout 21 children belongs to the age group of 6-10 yrsabout 22 children belongs to the age group of yrsabout 69 children belongs to the age group of yrs58 children out of 117, identified as literate (basic education)around 70% children trafficked through close relatives30% children trafficked through well organized agentsaverage household size of children: 6-8 family membersaround 90% children reported that they were daily working10-14 hrs with 30 min lunch break.
11Facts about rescued children: Remuneration being paid to children
12Facts about rescued children: Major health problems identified among rescued childrenTuberculosisSkin problemSTDEyes problemLoosing parts of body- fingers, hands etc.Deformation of bones or backboneMalnutritionDepressionGastric problems
13Post-Rescue procedure: I-India has arranged temporary stay of all rescued children at one of the shelter home and provided them necessary care in terms of food, water, clothes, shelter, medical assistance, legal aid and most importantly support to contact his family and guardians.Post-Rescue procedure aims at:Building trust and confidence amongst children.Providing them appropriate living facilities.Addressing their Socio-Psychos problems.Contact with parents and informing about their children.Filling counseling formats by interviewing each child.Statements recording of each child by Government, Labor DepartmentPresenting each child to medical board for examining their health status.Producing before Child Welfare Committee for judicial action.Rehabilitation of children.
18Long Term Rehabilitation: Despite of several formalities with government after or while rescue and post rescue procedures, long-term rehabilitation is a crucial step to ensure that a child is mainstreamed into society and is not re-trafficked.Initiation of important steps for long term rehabilitation:Reuniting children with families.Attaching children with social welfare agencies.Asking Government of their states to start some vocational trainingprogram in their respective states and help the children.Ensuring compensation to each child from the Government for theirexploitation.Helping children's families so that they don't rejoin same work as childlabor.