2 What is a Mandated Reporter? A mandated reporter is anyone who, by law, must report suspected child abuse or neglect.All fifty states and Puerto Rico have a law regarding mandated reporters
3 Who is a Mandated Reporter? AudiologistDentistClergyLaw Enforcement OfficerLicensed CounselorLicensed Emergency Medical Care ProviderMarriage and Family TherapistMedical examinerNursePhysician AssistantPhysicianPsychologistRegulated Child Care ProviderRegistered Dental HygienistSchool AdministratorSchool Counselor or TeacherSocial Work Technician
4 Is There a Need for Mandated Reporters? According to Child Maltreatment 2007approximately 794,000 children were found to be victims of child abuse or neglect in Federal fiscal yearThe maltreatment rate was 10.6 per 1,000 children in the population in 2007.According to The Administration for Children and Families (ACF), in 2002, Michigan’s referral rate was 47.9%Michigan ranks 12th in the nationMontana has the highest referral rate of 78.1%Pennsylvania has the lowest referral rate of 12.8%Resources:
5 The Need for Mandated Reporters in Michigan In 2007, 123, 149 referrals were made to Child Protective ServicesOf these cases, 67,756 (55%) were investigated26% of the investigated cases confirmed child abuse or neglectResource: CPS_227770_7.pdf
6 United States, Michigan and City of Detroit: Substantiated Child Abuse/Maltreatment Cases (2001 – 2006)*Number of substantiated reports of abuse/maltreatment per 1,000 childrenResource:
7 What is Child Abuse?The Child and Family Resource Council defines child abuse/maltreatment asa non-accidental injury to a child which, regardless of motive, is inflicted or allowed to be inflicted by the person responsible for the child's care. Maltreatment includes, but is not limited to, malnutrition, sexual molestation, deprivation of necessities, emotional maltreatment, or cruel punishment.
8 Types of Child Abuse Neglect Physical Abuse Emotional Abuse Sexual Abuse
9 What are the Signs of Neglect? Unattended medical needsConsistent lack of supervisionConsistent hunger, inappropriate dress, poor hygieneDistended stomach, emaciatedSignificant weight change
10 What are the Signs of Physical Abuse? Adult/human bite marks, missing clumps of hairUnexplained bruises, welts, loop marksUnexplained burnsUnexplained fractures, skin lacerations, punctures or abrasions.Swollen lips/chipped teeth.Linear/parallel marks on cheeks and temple area.Crescent-shaped bruising.Puncture wounds.Bruising behind the ears.Head injuries
11 What are the Signs of Emotional Abuse? Eating disordersFailure to thriveHyperactive/disruptive behaviorLags in physical developmentShallow, empty facial appearanceSleep disturbances and/or nightmaresSpeech disordersFear or anxiety of certain people or placesUnrealistic fearsDepression
12 What are the Signs of Sexual Abuse? Pain, itching, bruising or bleeding in genital areaVenereal diseaseFrequent urinary or yeast infectionMassive weight changePregnancy under 12 years of ageBed wetting
13 Dealing with Sexual Abuse Do not interview child this may interfere with possible prosecution
14 Why Must I File a Report? It’s the LAW! The law states: Act 238 went into effect on October 1, 1975The law states:Those who have “reasonable cause to suspect child abuse or neglect shall make immediately…an oral report.”Within 72 hours after making the oral report, the reporting person shall file a written report.MOST importantly, you may be saving a child’s life!
15 In Wayne County, call 1-800-716-2234 How Do I File a Report?First, file an ORAL REPORTTelephone complaint to CPS immediately.CPS contact numbers can be accessed at under county offices.You may also locate the telephone number to your local CPS office in the government page of your phone book under Department of Human Services.In Wayne County, call
16 Filing a Written Report Submit completed DHS-3200 form within 72 hours (includes weekends and holidays).The DHS-3200 can be accessed atAttempt to provide the following information:Alleged victim’s full name, birth date, and raceAlleged perpetrator’s full name and relationship to alleged victim (if known)Child’s current addressContext of the disclosure (for example, was the child asked about the injury or did they volunteer the information?)Current address and the address where the alleged incident happened (if different)If the alleged perpetrator lives with the childWhy you think the child is being maltreated
18 What Happens Next? 1. Intake worker receives report 2. CPS will determine whether to open case for investigation3. CPS will begin investigation4. CPS will assess the risk of harm or threat of harm to child and, based on the assessment, will take certain actions5. CPS will talk to parents, family members, and perhaps teachers to gather information6. CPS will make decision regarding action to takeMay not be able to take any action if report is anonymous or cannot find perpetratorRecommend community services like counseling or parent education classesIf significant risk, may put the child in safe placeIn most serious situations, the child will be placed in foster care and eventually moved to another permanent home, but this is only after a lot of time and effort are put into getting parents help and trying to give the parents every possible chance to positively care for the child.
19 How Does CPS Classify Alleged Cases? Child Protective Services categorizes cases into five levelsThese levels address reports and provide directives for future action
20 Explanation of CPS Levels Category 5No services recommended.Following a field investigation, CPS determines that there is no evidence of child abuse/neglectCategory 4Community services recommended.Though child abuse and neglect is not confirmed, community services are recommended.
21 Explanation of CPS Levels Cont. Category 3Community services are needed to alleviate further risk of harm to the child.Preponderance of evidence supports that child abuse or neglect occurred. The structured decision making (SDM) risk assessment suggests low or moderate risk of future harm to the child.Category 2Services are required to maintain child safety in the caretaker’s home.Preponderance of evidence supports that child abuse or neglect occurred. The SDM tool indicates high or intensive risk of future harm to the child.
22 Explanation of CPS Levels Cont. Category 1Court petition is filed.Preponderance of evidence was found that child abuse or neglect occurred and the law requires a court petition, court ordered services are needed to keep a child safe in their parent’s home, or a child is unsafe in the caretaker’s home
23 Commonly Asked Questions How many children die each year due to abuse or neglect?According to Child Maltreatment2007, an estimated 1,760 childrendied as a result of abuse or neglect in2007.Is reporting anonymous?The identity of a reportingperson is confidential under theChild Protection Law. Theidentity of a reporting person issubject to disclosure only withthe consent of that person, byjudicial process or to thoselisted under Section 5 of theChild Protection LawAt what age can a child legally be left alone? What is the legal age at which a child can be left alone?State child abuse and neglectreporting laws do not specify theage at which a child can be lefthome alone. No consistentcommunity standards existdescribing when and under whatcircumstances children can be leftalone or in the care of otherchildren.Resources: