Mental space in child language. 60 hours of video recordings in Danish day care centres Multi modal analysis All-autistic interaction = interaction between two or more children with autism
Data Video taped interaction between three boys with autism Age: 5-6 Location: day care centre for children with autism (Denmark) Activity: playing with LEGO ® bricks at a table Others present: researcher with camera and care taker
Communicative modes Non-verbal language Body position Body movement Proxemics Head movement Gesture Facial expression Gaze Verbal language Words Tone of voice Pauses Turn-taking Rhythm / singing Contextual appropriateness / sense of relevance
Carl’s song: A call-and-response song: A. Otto er et næsehorn B. Ja, ja, ja A. Otto er en flæskesteg B. Nej, nej, nej A. Otto er en ….. B. Nej, nej, nej English version of the song: A. Otto is a rhino B. Yes, yes, yes A. Otto is a beef steak B. No, no, no A. Otto is a …… B. No, no, no ”Otto is a rhino” is the only line which should elicit a Yes-response, everything else the singer may invent should elicit No.
Mik, Carl and Kim –verbal mode 2.08C: (singing) [and Otto] is a rhino, yes yes yes Otto is a rhino yes yes 2.16K: we’re not rhinos (.) [YOU a rhino] 2.20M: (singing) [ Carl] is an arsehole 2.22CT: OOPS Mik 2.24C: (singing) no yes yes yes and
Increased modal density 1 Mik Carl Kim Proxemics Gesture Gaze Words Pause Tone of voice Song/rythm
Participant configuration, teasing/singing Carl Mik Kim Mik: (singing) [Carl] er et numsehull (Carl is an arsehole.)
Increased modal density 2 Mik Carl Kim Gaze Facial expression Head movement
Increased modal density 3 Mik Carl Kim Facial expression Gaze Song / rhythm Posture
Participant configuration, responding Carl Mik Kim Carl responding to song Kim responding to words
Conclusion Mik interacts with two other participants simultaneously Both of them respond to one part of his communicative act, decoding intention These children are co-constructing interaction! Further perspectives for understanding complex interaction?