Presentation on theme: "Child Welfare. Child protection (welfare) is used to describe a set of government and private services designed to protect children and encourage family."— Presentation transcript:
Child protection (welfare) is used to describe a set of government and private services designed to protect children and encourage family stability
Child welfare services Two main categories of services: –Child protective services –Prevention services
Child protective services Investigation of alleged abuse, foster care and adoption services Child abuse includes: Neglect Emotional abuse Sexual abuse Physical abuse
Prevention services Services aimed at supporting at-risk families so they can remain intact Also known as “family preservation services”
Historical origins The concept of the child welfare system dates back to Plato’s Republic Plato wrote that the interests of the child could be served by removing children from the care of their parents and placing them into state custody
Child welfare in the UK A comprehensive child welfare system under which local authorities have duties and responsibilities toward children in need in their area This covers provision of advice and services, as well as accommodation and care of children who became uncared for
Children in need Children with disabilities Children subject to social and economic deprivation
Care proceedings Local authorities can initiate proceedings for the removal of children from their parents care in case of “significant harm” (abuse or neglect)
The Children Act 1989 and 2004 Came into force in 1991 in England and Wales Legal framework for the care, protection and upbringing of children It regulates what happens to children after divorce of their parents and protects children from all kinds of abuse
Adoption order In circumstances where it would be unsafe for the child to return to live with her/his parents, the local authority may seek to have the child adopted. An adoption order (which transfers parental responsibility to the adoptive parents) is only made by a court following extensive enquiries. The sole criteria for deciding if the order should be made, is the best interest of the child.
Social services A range of services to help families in crisis This includes advice, counselling, help in the home or access to family centres Some services are provided by voluntary groups Children homes are run by local authorities or private organisations
The Convention on the Rights of the Child Adopted by the General Assembly of the UN in November, 1989 A universally agreed set of standards and obligations which spells out the basic rights for all children, everywhere and at all times The most widely adopted international human rights treaty in history
Basic rights of the children The right to survival To develop to the fullest To protection from harmful influences, abuse and exploitation To participate fully in family, cultural and social life
The definition of a child Every human being below the age of eighteen years unless under the law applicable to the child, majority is attained earlier (Article 1) An individual, but also a member of a family and the community
Foundation principles of the Convention Non-discrimination (Article 2) Best interests of the child (Article 3) The child’s right to life, survival and development (Article 6) Respect for the views of the child (Article 12)
Answer the following questions: What does social work profession promote? What is a disability? What is ageism?
1. The social work profession promotes social change, problem solving in human relationships and the empowerment and liberation of people to enhance well-being. 2. Disability is a physical or mental impairment which has real and long-term adverse effect on the person’s ability to carry out normal day-to-day activities. 3.Ageism is discrimination of a person on the basis of their age.
Which are basic rights of the children according to the Convention on the Rights of the Child?
The right to survival To develop to the fullest To protection from harmful influences, abuse and exploitation To participate fully in family, cultural and social life
Translate the following: Starenje donosi mnoge životne promjene, pozitivne i negativne, s kojima se valja suočiti i nastojati im se prilagoditi. U tom životnom razdoblju osoba zaključuje svoj radni vijek, odlazi u mirovinu, suočava se sa slabljenjem tjelesnih i duševnih sposobnosti, s porastom rizika od bolesti, invalidnosti, financijske ovisnosti, društvene potisnutosti, gubitkom bliskih osoba i mnogim drugim teškoćama. Zbog toga je starijim osobama više nego drugima potrebna potpora i pomoć obitelji, lokalne zajednice, ali također i organizirane mjere društvene zajednice. Stoga kvaliteta života u starosti u velikoj mjeri ovisi o vrsti i opsegu mjera društvene intervencije i razgranatosti mreža ustanova.
Ageing brings along many changes in life, both positive and negative ones, which have to be faced and adjusted to. In this period of life people finish their working life, enter retirement, are faced with the deterioration of their physical and mental capacities, as well as an increased risk of illness, disability, financial dependence, social marginalization, loss of their loved ones and many other difficulties. For this reason older persons need support and assistance from their family, the local community, but also the organized measures of society as a whole more than others. Therefore the quality of life in older age largely depends on the kind and extent of the social intervention measures and the distribution of the institutional network.
Translate the following: Empowerment of people The Disability Discrimination Act The age of consent Being biased against others Subsidised services Protection from abuse and exploitation