2 1. All physical injuries observed on a child such as bruises, are a cause for concern and should result in a child protection referral being madeTrueFalse
3 Correct Answer is 2 – False The fact is that children do sustain accidental injuries and these are not always a cause for concern. The likelihood of injury will depend on the age of the child. For example, when children start walking independently they are much more likely to get the odd bruise and scrape. Concerns should be raised when injuries are unexplained or the child appears to be at greater risk due to a lack of appropriate supervision. If you have any concerns over what you see or are told, you should discuss this with the designated safe guarder as soon as possible.
4 2. What percentage of children aged 12 or under say that no-one has spoken to them about the risks associated with the internet and online activity?5 %15 %30 %60 %
5 Correct Answer is 3 – 30%According to research by OFCO in 2009, 30% of children 12 or under have received no advice regarding staying safe online. For 13-16year olds, that figure falls to 11%, which still means that many young people are at risk.
6 3. What are the 4 categories of child abuse? Physical abuse, emotional abuse, sexual abuse, neglectPhysical abuse, emotional abuse, sexual abuse, financial abusePhysical abuse, online abuse, sexual abuse, neglectPhysical abuse, emotional abuse, sexual abuse, discriminatory abuse or hate crime
7 Correct Answer is 1 - Physical abuse, emotional abuse, sexual abuse, neglect The 4 categories of child abuse are physical abuse, emotional abuse, sexual abuse, neglect.It is true to say that children may be victims of financial abuse, on line abuse or discriminatory abuse, but these are not the categories as defined on the child protection register.
8 4. You make a referral to child protection agencies and after 4 weeks have not received feedback. What should you do?You are not entitled to feedback, that will go to the organisations designated person for child safeguardingLeave it– you’ve already done your bit by referring in the first placeContact your line manager to discussContact the child to see how they are
9 Correct Answer is 3 - Contact your line manager to discuss this If you make a referral you will get feedback. Indeed, you may be contacted for further information.You should not try and contact the child or any individual involved as this is not your role. However, you should contact your line manager for help to get appropriate action
10 5. Culturally, is child abuse acceptable TrueFalse
11 Correct Answer is 2 - False The abuse of children is not acceptable in any culture. There is no cultural group that has more child abuse, but some cultural activities may be abusive. It’s important to recognise that groups and individuals within groups may have very different views on how children should be treated, but abuse is abuse wherever it occurs and whoever the abuser is.
12 6. Which of the following may be perpetrators of child abuse? Other childrenStrangersFamily membersAll of the above
13 Correct Answer is 4 – All of the above There is no one type of person who commits child abuse. It’s important to recognise that most abuse is perpetrated by an individual who is known to the child, but that abuse by strangers does occur. Likewise, don’t forget that children themselves may abuse other children.
14 7. The likelihood of a baby (under one year old) being murdered is: Very rare indeedLess than half that for adultsAbout the same as that for an adult living in the same areaFour times more likely than for an adult
15 Correct Answer is – 4 Four times more likely than for an adult. Very young children are highly dependent and physically very vulnerable. Babies are more likely to die a violent death than any other group in society, regardless of location class or ethnicity. In fact, murder rates for people under one year old are 4 times higher than that for adults.
16 8. What should you do if a child discloses abuse to you? Talk to their parentsTell them that they have to talk to the organisation’s designated person for safeguardingReport the incidentAsk them to provide detailed information about the situation
17 Correct Answer is 3 – Report the incident It can be very distressing if a child tells you about abuse and it is important to stay calm and be reassuring, without making promises that you can’t keep. It is likely that the child has told you for a reason, so don’t discourage them from talking. Remember, though, that it is not your job to investigate the issue. Don’t press them for information, but let them talk. However, make sure that they realise that you will have to do something about any allegation. You need to report the incident immediately, but you shouldn’t tell anyone who doesn’t need to know, and that may include the parents.
18 9. The term ‘looked after child’ means: A child who is in a care homeA child who is subject to a legal supervision requirementA child whose parents are deemed not to have adequate parenting skillsA child who is seeking asylum
19 Correct Answer is 2 - A child who is subject to a legal supervision requirement Children who are seeking asylum usually have the status of a looked after child, but the definition is broader than this. A looked after child is under some form of legal order, such as a care order or an emergency protection order. This does not mean that they will necessarily live in a care home. They may live with a family member, in foster care or with their parents at home. Likewise, they may not be a looked after child as the result of poor parenting. A parent, for example, may be ill.
20 10. Which of the following are true about recognising child abuse? It is only the responsibility of clearly designated safeguarding staffIt is difficult because the signs and symptoms may be easy to mistake for other thingsIt is only relevant to people who work with children and young people
21 Correct Answer is 2 - It is difficult because the signs and symptoms may be easy to mistake for other thingsEveryone should be sensitive to the signs of abuse, but recognise that they can be difficult to assess as they may be an outcome of other factors. Sudden and unexplained changes in behaviour or school performance might be an indicator, but may also be part of growing up. In addition, many abusers will try and hide or explain away signs of abuse. However, it is everyone’s responsibility to deal appropriately with any suspicions that they may have. This usually means reporting the incident. Some people may feel unsure about managing this for individuals from some social groups. This may be due to them not understanding particular customs or fearing accusations of discrimination. Remember, though, that child abuse is not acceptable in any group and that all young people deserve protection.
23 Delegate Scores 10 Rachael BYRNE Samantha Elise KEANE Kirsty Anne FORRESTEmily Jane GARNETTHannah Claire STOKESVicki-lea BELLAnne-Marie BOOTH9Emma SADLERRachel ASTLESAmy GREGORYAshley-marie SMITHStacey Barbara HEATHThomas Luke KELLETTRachael Victoria JONES