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Child Labor. Child Labor Testimony by Matthew Crabtree Matthew Crabtree was born in Dewsbury in 1810. Matthew was interviewed by Michael Sadler and his.

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Presentation on theme: "Child Labor. Child Labor Testimony by Matthew Crabtree Matthew Crabtree was born in Dewsbury in 1810. Matthew was interviewed by Michael Sadler and his."— Presentation transcript:

1 Child Labor

2 Child Labor Testimony by Matthew Crabtree Matthew Crabtree was born in Dewsbury in Matthew was interviewed by Michael Sadler and his House of Commons Committee on 18th May, Question: At what age did you first go to work in a factory? Answer: Eight. Question: Will you state the hours of labour? Answer: From six in the morning to eight at night. Question: Will you state the effect that those long hours had upon the state of your health? Answer: I was very much fatigued at night when I left my work; so much so, that I sometimes could have slept as I walked, if I had not stumbled and started awake again; and so sick that I could not eat, and what I did eat I vomited. Question: What work did you do? Answer: I was a piecener. Question: Will you state to this committee whether piecening is a very laborious employment for children? Answer: It is very laborious employment; pieceners are continually running to and fro, and on their feet the whole day. It is commonly very difficult to keep up with the work.

3 Child Labor Testimony by Matthew Crabtree Matthew Crabtree was born in Dewsbury in Matthew was interviewed by Michael Sadler and his House of Commons Committee on 18th May, Question: State the condition of the children towards the latter part of the day. Answer: Towards the close of the day, when they come to be more fatigued, they cannot keep up very well and they are beaten to spur them on. Question: What were you beaten with? Answer: A strap. Question: Anything else? Answer: Yes, a stick sometimes: and there is a kind of roller, which runs on the top of the machine. Question: What is the effect of the piecening upon the hands? Answer: It makes them bleed' the skin is completely rubbed off, and in that case they bleed perhaps in a dozen parts. Question: Do you take your food to the mill? Answer: Yes. It was frequently covered by flues from the wool; and in that case they had to be blown off with the mouth, and picked off with the fingers, before it could be eaten. Question: Did you attend the Sunday School? Answer: Not very frequently. I very often slept till it was too late for school-time, or for divine worship; and the rest of the day I spent on walking out and taking the fresh air.

4 Child Labor Testimony by Hannah Brown Hannah Brown was born in Bradford in Hannah was interviewed by Michael Sadler and House of Commons Committee on 13th June, Question: How early did you begin to work in mills? Answer: At nine years old. Question: What hours did you work? Answer: I began at six o'clock, and worked till nine at night. Question: What time was allowed for your meals? Answer: No, none at all. Question: Did this work affect your limbs? Answer: Yes, I felt a great deal of pain in my legs. Question: Did it begin to produce deformity in any of your limbs? Answer: Yes; both my knees are rather turned in.

5 Child Labor Testimony by Hannah Brown Hannah Brown was born in Bradford in Hannah was interviewed by Michael Sadler and House of Commons Committee on 13th June, Question: Was there punishment? Answer: Yes Question: Has Mr. Ackroyd ever chastised you in any way? Answer: Yes; he has taken hold of my hair and my ear, and pulled me, and just given me a bit of a shock, more than once. Question: Did you ever see him adopt similar treatment towards any others? Answer: Yes, I have seen him pull a relation of mine about by the hair. Question: Do you mean he dragged her? Answer: Yes, about three or four yards.

6 Child Labor Testimony by Elizabeth Bentley Elizabeth Bentley was born in Leeds She began working in a flax mill at the age of six. On 4th June, 1832, Elizabeth was interviewed by Michael Sadler and his House of Commons Committee. Question: What were your hours of labour? Answer: As a child I worked from five in the morning till nine at night. Question: What time was allowed for meals? Answer: We were allowed forty minutes at noon. Question: Had you any time to get breakfast, or drinking? Answer: No, we got it as we could. Question: Did you have time to eat it? Answer: No; we were obliged to leave it or to take it home, and when we did not take it, the overlooker took it, and gave it to the pigs.

7 Child Labor Testimony by Elizabeth Bentley Elizabeth Bentley was born in Leeds She began working in a flax mill at the age of six. On 4th June, 1832, Elizabeth was interviewed by Michael Sadler and his House of Commons Committee. Question: Suppose you flagged a little, or were late, what would they do? Answer: Strap us. Question: What work did you do? Answer: A weigher in the card-room. Question: How long did you work there? Answer: From half-past five, till eight at night. Question: What is the carding-room like? Answer: Dusty. You cannot see each other for dust. Question: Did working in the card-room affect your health? Answer: Yes; it was so dusty, the dust got up my lungs, and the work was so hard. I got so bad in health, that when I pulled the baskets down, I pulled my bones out of their places.

8 Child Labor Testimony by Elizabeth Bentley Elizabeth Bentley was born in Leeds She began working in a flax mill at the age of six. On 4th June, 1832, Elizabeth was interviewed by Michael Sadler and his House of Commons Committee. Question: You are considerably deformed in your person in consequence of this labour? Answer: Yes, I am. Question: At what time did it come on? Answer: I was about thirteen years old when it began coming, and it has got worse since. When my mother died I had to look after myself. Question: Where are you now? Answer: In the poor house. Question: You are utterly incapable of working in the factories? Answer: Yes Question: You were willing to have worked as long as you were able, from your earliest age? Answer: Yes.


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