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WITHDRAWN OF CHILD LABOR THROUGH EDUCATION FUTURE WITHOUT CHILD LABOR Winarti “Wowong” Sukaesih The Indonesian Child Welfare Foundation (ICWF) IFCW WorldForum.

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Presentation on theme: "WITHDRAWN OF CHILD LABOR THROUGH EDUCATION FUTURE WITHOUT CHILD LABOR Winarti “Wowong” Sukaesih The Indonesian Child Welfare Foundation (ICWF) IFCW WorldForum."— Presentation transcript:


2 WITHDRAWN OF CHILD LABOR THROUGH EDUCATION FUTURE WITHOUT CHILD LABOR Winarti “Wowong” Sukaesih The Indonesian Child Welfare Foundation (ICWF) IFCW WorldForum 2011 – Melbourne, Australia

3 WHAT IS CHILD LABOR?  Children: those under age of 18 years  Child work (  working children): a broad concept that encompasses most productive activities undertaken by children – economically active children  Child labor (  child laborers) includes only those economic activities that deny a child the possibility of normal development into a responsible adult – 2.7 M  Worst Forms of Child Labor: a sub set of child labor as defined by ILO Convention 182: absolute worst forms of child labor and hazardous child labor

4 Brick factoryOff shore fishery Gold miningShoes factory

5 Domestic workerChild labor in garbage dump area

6 Child prostitutionChild / baby trafficking

7 Drugs traffickingStreet children In arm conflictSea diver


9 CHILD LABOR AND POVERTY Child Labour PovertyPoverty EDUCATION To break the cycle !!

10 17,504 islands, 75 % sea. Population: 237 m (children almost 100 m) 3 time zones Los Angeles New York London Ankara

11 WE FAIL TO KEEP OUR CHILDREN IN SCHOOL 7% of children age 6-12 are not in school annually Over 65% of children are not in school anymore annually when they reach 13 years old Over 70% of children are not in school anymore annually when they reach 15 years old Source: National Program for Indonesian Children 2015 (Bappenas, 2005)


13 REASONS TO WORK Poverty Why Schooling? No Short Or Long Term Benefits? Aspiring Higher Level Of Life Styles Fulfilling Obligation To Parents/ Family Helping Parents Earn Livelihood Helping Other Children In The Family (Sacrificing Oneself For Others) Avoiding Arranged Marriage No Other Means To Survive

14 CONDITION OF CHILD LABOR Malnutrition of children -> lunch inadequate, no breakfast (most of the time) Tired (Physically and mentally)  long distance to workplace, hard work, long hour Drop out of school for years, at least 1 or 2 years Education is not important, no dream

15 CONDITION OF SERVICE PROVIDER Tutor does not have strong commitment – small fee, student has many problems, no cooperation. Material too complicated Methods boring and limited time Lack of learning facilities


17 RECOMMENDATION Open – Flexi time school Special material – modified from the regular material - Focus: Math, language, values, life-skills, vocational Methods: Role Play, Discussion, sharing experience, games Distance learning, using IT (not exist)

18 COMMITMENT Need to solve the problem seriously Mechanism, need resources, comprehensive, professional, long term Commitment of Central Government and Local government 5 year program Design new program – meets the need Executor: committee Central and province level

19 PROGRAM Title: Withdrawn of Child Labor to support Conditional Cash Transfer program (2009 – 2014). Pilot project in 2008 Committee: Central Government, Local Government, NGOs. Leading Sector: Ministry of Manpower and Transmigration – ILO Convention no. 138 and 182 (minimum age and worst form of child labor) Target Group: 7 – 18 years old (worst form of child labor, working children, drop out of school) whose parents are beneficiaries of conditional cash transfer program – very poor household

20 ROLE OF INSTITUTION NO.WHATWHO 1Design program and socializationNational Committee of Elimination of WFCL) (government and NGOs) 2Survey/Data of child laborStatistical Bureau 3Recruitment of staff and trainingLocal govt and NGOs 4Data VerificationChildren, Family, Social Worker, local committee 5Education in shelter – bridging course (1 month) Tutor and Social Worker, health staff, nutritionist 6School EnrolmentEducation Office, Religious Office, Manpower Office – Training Center 7Monitoring Children after shelterSocial Worker 8Monitoring ProgramCommittee (central and local, NGOs

21 CHALLENGES  Survey /data – children are mobile – work  Personnel (soc. Worker and tutor) – hard to find in some areas  Training for social worker - essential  Data verification – door to door meet children and parents  In shelter, bridging course (1 month) – very dynamic  Register children to school – limited time, limited school around. Children go back to school (formal and non formal or vocational school)  Monitoring and evaluation – remote areas, time and energy consuming

22 YearProvinceRegencyTargeted children ShelterSocial worker TutorBack to school 20087484853101300 1523 (22%) 2009 20101350300060180 2216 (74%) 20111556336060180 … (> 90%) Total11213221660 Children Back to School

23 Daily activities: learning and playing

24 Music and dancing

25 Tutorial for children facilitated by Social Worker and Volunteer

26 Discussions amongst children (Social Worker as a facilitator)

27 Discussions amongst youth

28 Outbound Activities

29 Meeting to develop organization of community radio and radio on air

30 Participants of Package “A” Equivalent to Elementary School Participants of Package “B” Grade 1 Equivalent to Junior High School

31 Participants of Package “B” Grade 2 Equivalent to Junior High School Participants of Package “B” Grade 3 Equivalent to Junior High School

32 Participants of Package “C” Grade 2 Equivalent to Senior High School Participants of Package “C” Grade 3 Equivalent to Senior High School

33 Regular Discussion. The topic is worst form on child labor in Indonesia








41 CONCLUSION Every child wants to go to school, and the family will support the child to go to school, only they do not know what to do. Poor family busy with earning money. No skills and low education make their live is miserable, can not adjust with the situation A child is an asset to help family in earning money. The child is also willing to help family by not continuing education and find a job

42 CONCLUSION Compulsory education 6 – 9 year (dependent on the regency capacity) which is launched can not succeed automatically without guidance to poor people to access to education. Need adequate approach to solve problem Mentoring or guiding poor people need to be done by “professional” social worker

43 CONCLUSION Training people to be a “professional” social worker in order that they can help and guide family (parents education) to protect children to become child labor and relates parents and school The committee of WFCL which consists of government from different sector and NGOs working together in this program is a good experience for both government and NGO people

44 NEXT AGENDA The program is supervised by Vice President office. This program is considered good, so for 2012, the number of children will be 11.000 ( 3 times than 2011). 1000 social worker to be trained and to work with parents and community – Role of NGOs in training Social Worker Evaluation of program after 3 years – compulsory education and poverty alleviation.


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