Presentation on theme: "Child Abuse and Neglect"— Presentation transcript:
1 Child Abuse and Neglect Prepared By:Sonia Rosas&Kimberly MartinezCrystal City Service Area EIPC’sPresenter: Velma McNeil
2 Objectives: Know P/P for child abuse & neglect reporting Identify indicators of possible abuseUnderstand the laws for reporting suspected abuse or neglect.
3 Why you are receiving training on Child Abuse & Neglect ? HSPS (k)(3)(i)Methods for identifying and reporting child abuse and neglect that comply with applicable State and local laws using, so far as possible, a helpful rather than a punitive toward abusing or neglecting parents and other caretakers; and
4 TMC’s Policy…FS-100TMC will provide training to all employees on laws for reporting, identifying, and preventing child abuse and neglect in accordance with Section 511 of the Head Start Act and the Texas Family Code, and all other state laws ( Texas Family Code Failure to report is a Class B Misdemeanor and punishable by 180 days in jail/$2K fine)
5 TMC’s Policy, cont.Federal regulations, state law, and the Board of Directors require the involvement of TMC staff to report any and all instances of abuse/neglect.
6 TMC Procedure… Child Abuse Reporting : FS-100-A All employees will participate in identification, reporting, and prevention of abuse and neglect.Maintain confidentiality, no records will be kept in Family File (Placed in separate file).Work Closely with CPS.CM will coordinate all abuse and negelct activities.
7 CM Responsibility…Establish and maintain relationship with community agencies, involved with abuse & Neglect.Inform staff of P/PInform parents and staff of legal requirements.Discuss with families reporting, if deemed necessary.Know medical and social community resources available.
8 Staff Responsibility… ALL STAFF WILL REPORT INCIDENTS OF CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT TO CHILD PROTECTIVE SERVICES…
9 Reporting Form… Gen 018 Record report to CPS Person making the report will complete the form when abuse or neglect is suspectedFill in appropriate informationForward Administration/MSHS Director in a Folder marked CONFIDENTIAL.
10 TEXAS MIGRANT COUNCIL, INC. MIGRANT SEASONAL HEAD START PROGRAM CHILD ABUSE/NEGLECT REPORTThe following information must be reported to Child Protective Services immediately upon suspecting child abuse and/or neglect:Center_________________________ Center Manager______________________________Address_____________________________________ Telephone _____________________Child’s Name _______________________________ DOB ____________ Sex: □ MChild’s Address__________________________________Phone_____________________Parent/Guardian Name_______________________________________________________Parent Address if different from Child’s__________________________________________Telephone where parent can be reached_________________________________________Did the child report the abuse? □ Yes □ NoComments:______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Type of abuse suspected:________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Physical Indicators Observed:_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Behavioral Indicators observed:________________________________________________Other Indicators Observed/Known:______________________________________________Person(s) Reporting:__________________________________________________________ Position:________________________Date of Report ________________ Time of report___________ Was Center Manager Informed? □ Yes □ NoGen Rev 5/04
11 What is child abuse ?Mental, emotional, physical, or sexual injury to a child.CAPTA’s Definition:Any recent act or failure to act on the part of a parent or caretaker which results in death, serious physical or emotional harm, sexual abuse or exploitation; orAn act or failure to act which presents an imminent risk of serious harm.CAPTA: The Federal Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act. CAPTA set a foundation of identifying behaviors that define child abuse and neglect. Each state is responsible for defining child abuse and neglect. Most states recongnize 4 major types.
12 Types of Abuse: Physical Abuse Neglect Sexual Abuse Emotional Maltreatment
13 Physical Abuse : Physical Marks: Unexplained burns, bites, bruises, broken bones, black eyes.Fading bruises or other noticeable marks.Welts on the body.Bruising to the facial area.
14 Physical Abuse: Behavioral Indicators: Anti-Social Behavior Problems in SchoolFear of Adults
15 Neglect: Failure to provide for a child’s basic needs, ex. Physical (Shelter, unsuitable clothing, food, lack of supervision)Medical (Necessary medical care)Educational (Failure to educate the child or special education)Emotional (Inattention to child’s emotional needs, drink alcohol or drug use)
16 Sexual Abuse: Physical Signs: Difficulty walking or sitting Pregnant Venereal DiseasesChanges in appetiteReports sexual abuse by a parent or caregiver.
17 Sexual Abuse: Emotional Indicators: Nightmares or bedwetting Changes in appetiteUnusual sexual behaviors or knowledge
18 Emotional Maltreatment: Physical Signs:Constant criticismThreatsRejectionWithholding love, support, guidance(Usually present with another form of abuse)
19 Emotional Maltreatment: Emotional Indicators:ApathyDepressionHostility or stressLack of concentrationEating disorders
20 General Signs of Abuse or Neglect… The Child:Changes in behavior or school performanceNo medical attention for issues discussed with parentWatchfulLacks adult supervisionOverly compliant, passive, withdrawnComes to school early, leaves late, doesn’t want to go home.
21 General Signs of Abuse or Neglect Parents:Shows little concern for childDenies problems with the childHarsh punishmentSees child as badOverly demanding of the childLooks to child for care, attention, and satisfaction of emotional needs
22 General Signs of Abuse and Neglect Child and Parent:Rarely look or touch each otherConsider relationship negativelyDon’t like each other
23 Texas Statistical Data : 2003184 Children died from abuse or neglect.CPS received 186,160 reports, 131,130 were investigated, 50,208 were confirmed victims.
25 Moments in America for Children Every2 sec. A public school student is suspended10 seconds A high school student drops out11 sec A child is reported abused or neglected19 sec A child is arrested23 sec A baby is born to unwed mother35 sec A child is confirmed abused or neglected40 sec A baby is born into poverty50 sec A baby is born without health insurance1 min A baby is born to teen mom
26 Moment in America for Children 2 min Baby is born low birth weight3 min Baby born to mom with no/late pre-natal care8 min Child is arrested for violent crime19 min A baby dies2 Hours A child is a homicide victim4 Hours A child commits suicide6 Hours A child dies from abuse or neglect
27 Are we mandated to report suspected child abuse or neglect ? What are the laws that govern ?
28 Laws & Regulations on Child Abuse & Neglect: Texas Family CodeTexas Administrative CodeTexas Minimum StandardsHSPS
29 Texas Family Code :Persons required to report: A person having cause to believe that a child’s physical or mental health or welfare has been adversely affected by abuse or neglect by any person shall immediately make a report. Identity of the reporter is confidential.
30 Texas Family Code :A report shall be made to law enforcement or Child Protective Service. ( Appropriate Agency )
31 Texas Family CodeA person commits an offense if the person has cause to believe that a child’s physical or mental health or welfare has been or may be adversely affected by abuse or neglect and knowingly fails to report. Offense is a Class B misdemeanor (180 days in jail/$2K fine).
32 Texas Minimum Daycare Standards: Minimum Standards follow the regulations outlined by the Texas Administrative Code and Texas Family Code.
33 Head Start Performance Standards: Appendix A to Identification and Reporting of Child Abuse and Neglect.Head Start Agencies and delegate agencies MUST report child abuse and neglect in accordance with the provisions of applicable State or local law.Head Start Agencies and Delegates will maintain the confidentiality of all records pertaining to child abuse and neglect in accordance with the law.Head Start will cooperate fully with CPS.
34 How do I make a report and what information do I need to know ?
35 Making a Report… Two Ways: Telephone : 1-800-252-5400 Internet : https://www.txabusehotline.org(must include the “s” in https:// to access the website)
36 Information on Hand: Name, age, and address of the child Your name and contact informationBrief description of the situationCurrent injuries, medical problems, or behavioral problemsParent’s name and name of siblings in the homeExplain how you know the situation
37 Confidentiality…Your report is confidential and is not subject to public release under the Open Records Act.
38 Timeframe for Making A Report : You must make a report to Child Protective Services within 48 Hours (2 Days) of the suspected abuse or neglect.
39 Rule of Thumb:If you have reason to suspect child abuse, but are not positive, make the report…
41 Resources:National Clearinghouse on Child Abuse and Neglect Information – NAIC National Adoption Information ClearinghouseTexas Department of Family and Protective ServicesChildhelp USAAdministration for Children and FamiliesHSPSMinimum Daycare StandardsUS Department of Health and Human Services : Safe Children and Healthy Families Are A Shared Responsibility-2006 Community Resource Packet