Presentation on theme: "Break the silence of child abuse Nicole Kwok (12) Eva Suen (20)"— Presentation transcript:
Break the silence of child abuse Nicole Kwok (12) Eva Suen (20)
Objectives Analysis the reasons leading to the increasing trend of child abuse in Hong Kong To assess the effectiveness of the child abuse laws in Hong Kong compared with other country Solutions and measures
Interviewee: Mrs. Priscilla Lui (Director of Against child abuse)
Video time: Government advertisment
Definition of child abuse child abuse child abuse = purposeful and serious injury inflicted upon a child by a caregiver both physically and psychologically categorized into 4 groups :neglect, physical abuse, sexual abuse and psychological abuse. multi-abuse, which is a combination of them.
Current situation Increasing trend ( from 450 cases in 1994 to 854 cases in 2009)
Child abuse offenders as young as 10 ( standard newsTuesday, November 20 ) Child abuse in Hong Kong has reached an "alarming trend," with some offenders being as young as 10 years old, according to a child protection watchdog.
What kind of abuse dominate in Hong Kong? Statistics on cases involving child abuse is captured by the Child Protection Registry (CPR) Newly reported child abuse cases from January to December 2009 physical abuse neglect sexual abuse psychological abuse multiple abuse
Contributing factors of child abuse Parental side parents or care givers experienced lack of supervision or maltreatment in their childhood Child side Problems caused by children in developmental stages Innocent acts by children which may provoke parents
Contributing factors of child abuse Other factors Economic depression -financial problem Social perception - “spread the rod and spoil on child”
Policy made by the Hong Kong government Legislation: ill-treatment or neglect by those in charge of child or young person Details of the law: If any person who has the custody, charge or care of any child or young person under that age willfully assaults, ill-treats, neglects, abandons or exposes such child or young person or causes or procures such child or young person to be assaulted, ill-treated, neglected, abandoned or exposed in a manner likely to cause such child or young person unnecessary suffering or injury to his health
ineffective did not clearly specify the age of the guardian Policy made by the Hong Kong government
Measures by Canadian government (1)Laws the creation of child abuse registries the extension of time limits for laying charges in child sexual abuse cases the establishment of child protection agencies run by First Nations.
Measures by Canadian government (2) Education provide children with knowledge about their rights teaching them the skills to identify abuse (3) Professional development and resources (4) Support for program and service delivery show more active and incentive than Hong Kong government
Measures by local non- governmental organizations (NGOs) Against Child Abuse Ltd. Provide hotline Casework Group Work Other Services :e.g. volunteer services, training programmes
End Child Sexual Abuse Foundation (ECSAF) “Hugline" & Counseling Workshops Education Programs Measures by local non- governmental organizations (NGOs)
Monitoring and protecting children through school network and neighbourhood network cooperate with shop owners, housing estate management office and other organizations Amendment to laws Specifying the age of the guardian and make review on cases of child abuse Recommendations to improve current situation
Set up Commission for children affairs take referencing resources of other foreign countries Arousing public attention on child abuse spread the message of importance of harmonious family to the public
Conclusion Hong Kong government has put commendable efforts in preventing and handling the child abuse cases. cooperation among the government, the NGOs and the public is much needed. The public should be more sensitive to the current issue and show our concern and enthusiasm to help our neighbours.