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Barnahús – The Children´s House · www.bvs.is Child Forensic Interview Margrét Kristín Magnúsdóttir Psychologist and Forensic Interviewer 31. maí 2012.

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Presentation on theme: "Barnahús – The Children´s House · www.bvs.is Child Forensic Interview Margrét Kristín Magnúsdóttir Psychologist and Forensic Interviewer 31. maí 2012."— Presentation transcript:

1 Barnahús – The Children´s House · Child Forensic Interview Margrét Kristín Magnúsdóttir Psychologist and Forensic Interviewer 31. maí 2012

2 2 Barnahús – The Children´s House · What is a Child Forensic Interview ? Forensic interview is a formal, structured interview technique, that is used to investigate whether a child has experienced or witnessed physical or sexual abuse and if so, to get disclosure. 2

3 3 Barnahús – The Children´s House · If a child discloses assist the child in providing sufficient narrative detailed information: - on the nature and extend of the abuse, including those responsible - sufficient details of the event to allow the CPS or the LE to take appropriate action 3

4 4 Barnahús – The Children´s House · The goal of the child forensic interview to get maximum information while causing minimum stress and contamination

5 5 Barnahús – The Children´s House · Child Forensic Interview The importance of a “child friendly” settings Specially designed interview room The specialized interviewer: a psychologist or a similar education NICHD protocol

6 6 Barnahús – The Children´s House · expression of emotions in a nurturing environment advocate who assumes the child is telling the truth subjective interpretations accepted nonspecific accounts of abuse are sufficient the credibility of the child is not questioned how information is obtained is not of concern Forensic vs. Therapeutic Interviewing the goal is discovering the truth, the facts objective standpoint alternative explanations are explored obtaining corroborating details is imperative establishing the child’s competency is a concern the way information is acquired is strictly governed

7 7 Barnahús – The Children´s House · Interview Stages Introduction Rapport: - developmental assessment - competence assessment - ground rules Transitioning to a topic of concern Detail gathering and corroboration one event at a time Closure

8 8 Barnahús – The Children´s House · Introduction Interviewer introduce him-/herself and people present Explain the documentation (video/dvd recorded, notes taking) Have child introduce him-/herself; name, age, where they live, with whom, school, grade, friend.. Practice narrative 8

9 9 Barnahús – The Children´s House · Rapport building Developmental assessment - age dependent (time, date, soft/hard, smaller/bigger) - body parts inventory Competence assessment - difference between truth and lie Ground rules - if I ask you the same question more than once - if you don’t know the answer - if you don’t understand the question - correct me if I’m wrong

10 10 Barnahús – The Children´s House · Transitioning to the topic of concern “Tell me why you are here today talking to me ?” open-ended invitation use the child words followed by focused follow-up questions “... tell me all about that” “... tell me everything about that from the beginning to the end”

11 11 Barnahús – The Children´s House · Gather details and corroboration “did (this) happen one time or more than one time ?” focus on one event at a time (last, first, most memorable, worst, etc.) who, what, where, how,... when (young children can’t answer that) five senses what was said how it started, how it ended

12 12 Barnahús – The Children´s House · Corroboration computers cameras phones force or coercion bribes clothing other things from the child’s narrative 12

13 13 Barnahús – The Children´s House · Once you have details on individual events... be sure to clarify details between different events ask any follow up questions necessary for you to understand what happened ask the child if there is something you forgot to ask or something else they want to talk about transition to closure

14 14 Barnahús – The Children´s House · Closure maintain trust and rapport with the child neutral topic (cool down)

15 What makes a good interview Does the interviewer put the child at ease ? Warm and friendly presence Strong presence that shows „you can tell me anything and I can handle it“ „tell me …“ vs. „can you tell me …“ „everything“ vs. „a little bit“ Gentle persistence – knowing when to push as well as knowing when to stop Pacing – allowing for silences Use of developmentally appropriate language 15 Barnahús – The Children´s House ·

16 16 Barnahús – The Children´s House · There is no such thing as a perfect interview! Thank you Thank you Margrét Kristín Magnúsdóttir Psychologist and Forensic Interviewer


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