Presentation on theme: "Child/Early and Forced Marriage. Objectives Define Child Marriage Outline Causes of Child Marriage Examine the Consequences of Child Marriage."— Presentation transcript:
Child/Early and Forced Marriage
Objectives Define Child Marriage Outline Causes of Child Marriage Examine the Consequences of Child Marriage
Who is a Child? A child is defined as: “any person below the age of 18 years” “any person below the age of 18 years”
What is Child Marriage? Article 1 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child defines Child/Early Marriage as any marriage of a child younger than 18 years old While child marriage affects both sexes, girls are affected most by this practice
What is Forced Marriage? It is defined as a marriage conducted without the valid consent of one or both parties It is a marriage in which duress - whether physical or emotional - is a factor (Forward UK, 2002)
Child/Forced Marriage Even if a child appears to give their consent, it is understood that anyone under the age of 18 is not able to make a fully informed choice on marriage These marriages will ordinarily involve force, pressure or coercion The children involved will usually lack the capacity to give their full consent
Why Does Child Marriage Occur? Poverty prevalence is considered to be one of the major causes of child marriage because: oYoung girls are regarded as an economic burden and her marriage to a much older man is believed to benefit the child and her family both financially and socially oIn communities where child marriage is practiced, marriage is regarded as a transaction, often representing a significant economic activity for a family
Why Does Child Marriage Occur? The desire of the family to ensure that a girl is a virgin at the time of marriage especially in communities that consider it a virtue for a woman to be married as a virgin In some communities, young girls are encouraged to marry older men with the expectation that an he would act as a guardian against inappropriate behavior like extra-marital sex
Consequences of Child and Forced Marriage The child bride is not physically and sexually mature at the time of marriage Child brides are likely to become pregnant at an early age yet there is a strong correlation between the age of a mother and maternal mortality
Consequences of Child and Forced Marriage Child brides may also suffer vulnerability to HIV/AIDS, since their older husbands may already be infected from previous sexual encounters Owing to their age, the young girls may be unable to negotiate issues around the use of contraception and condoms that would protect them against HIV infection
Consequences of Child and Forced Marriage Owing to their early age girls are unable to demand fidelity from their husbands In some FGM practicing communities, FGM is carried out at puberty and then marriages are arranged immediately after She may suffer severe health consequences owing to sexual activity with her husband at an early age
Role of Education in Addressing Child and Forced Marriage Providing education to the Girl Child is the best way of addressing this problem They should be encouraged to remain in school Improving access to education and eliminating gender gaps
Conclusion The Innovative Woman Teacher should intervene by focusing on issues that: oEncourage the girls who are already in school to stay in school oProactively address the matters that may lead them to being victims of child/forced marriage.
Questions Any questions and comments from the class?