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Child/Early and Forced Marriage. Objectives  Define Child Marriage  Outline Causes of Child Marriage  Examine the Consequences of Child Marriage.

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Presentation on theme: "Child/Early and Forced Marriage. Objectives  Define Child Marriage  Outline Causes of Child Marriage  Examine the Consequences of Child Marriage."— Presentation transcript:

1 Child/Early and Forced Marriage

2 Objectives  Define Child Marriage  Outline Causes of Child Marriage  Examine the Consequences of Child Marriage

3 Who is a Child?  A child is defined as: “any person below the age of 18 years” “any person below the age of 18 years”

4 What is Child Marriage?  Article 1 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child defines Child/Early Marriage as any marriage of a child younger than 18 years old  While child marriage affects both sexes, girls are affected most by this practice

5 What is Forced Marriage?  It is defined as a marriage conducted without the valid consent of one or both parties  It is a marriage in which duress - whether physical or emotional - is a factor (Forward UK, 2002)

6 Child/Forced Marriage  Even if a child appears to give their consent, it is understood that anyone under the age of 18 is not able to make a fully informed choice on marriage  These marriages will ordinarily involve force, pressure or coercion  The children involved will usually lack the capacity to give their full consent

7 Why Does Child Marriage Occur?  Poverty prevalence is considered to be one of the major causes of child marriage because: oYoung girls are regarded as an economic burden and her marriage to a much older man is believed to benefit the child and her family both financially and socially oIn communities where child marriage is practiced, marriage is regarded as a transaction, often representing a significant economic activity for a family

8 Why Does Child Marriage Occur?  The desire of the family to ensure that a girl is a virgin at the time of marriage especially in communities that consider it a virtue for a woman to be married as a virgin  In some communities, young girls are encouraged to marry older men with the expectation that an he would act as a guardian against inappropriate behavior like extra-marital sex

9 Consequences of Child and Forced Marriage  The child bride is not physically and sexually mature at the time of marriage  Child brides are likely to become pregnant at an early age yet there is a strong correlation between the age of a mother and maternal mortality

10 Consequences of Child and Forced Marriage  Child brides may also suffer vulnerability to HIV/AIDS, since their older husbands may already be infected from previous sexual encounters  Owing to their age, the young girls may be unable to negotiate issues around the use of contraception and condoms that would protect them against HIV infection

11 Consequences of Child and Forced Marriage  Owing to their early age girls are unable to demand fidelity from their husbands  In some FGM practicing communities, FGM is carried out at puberty and then marriages are arranged immediately after  She may suffer severe health consequences owing to sexual activity with her husband at an early age

12 Role of Education in Addressing Child and Forced Marriage  Providing education to the Girl Child is the best way of addressing this problem  They should be encouraged to remain in school  Improving access to education and eliminating gender gaps

13 Conclusion  The Innovative Woman Teacher should intervene by focusing on issues that: oEncourage the girls who are already in school to stay in school oProactively address the matters that may lead them to being victims of child/forced marriage.

14 Questions  Any questions and comments from the class?


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