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Photo by: Walter Siegmund Wikipedia user: Wsiegmund HOOKER'S FAIRY BELLS - Prosartes hookeri Herbaceous perennial Likes shady, damp areas Commonly found.

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Presentation on theme: "Photo by: Walter Siegmund Wikipedia user: Wsiegmund HOOKER'S FAIRY BELLS - Prosartes hookeri Herbaceous perennial Likes shady, damp areas Commonly found."— Presentation transcript:

1 Photo by: Walter Siegmund Wikipedia user: Wsiegmund HOOKER'S FAIRY BELLS - Prosartes hookeri Herbaceous perennial Likes shady, damp areas Commonly found in forest Bell-shaped white flowers hang under leaves Blooms early spring to mid- summer Fruit is orange to red berry Deer proof Photo from wikipedia Photo by user: Werewombat MOCK ORANGE - Philadelphus lewisii Deciduous Shrub Maximum Height: 9 ft. Easily pruned Growing ease: High Moisture req.: dry - moist Exposure req.: Full to partial sun Blooms: Late spring early summer Fragrant white flowers

2 ORANGE HONEYSUCKLE - Lonicera ciliosa Deciduous vine 10’-30’ in length Pollinated by the rufous hummingbird ½” translucent, orange-red fruit Sun to partial shade. Photo by: Walter Siegmund Wikipedia user: Wsiegmund BLUE ELDERBERRY - Sambucus cerulea Large deciduous shrub Up to 30’ high and 20’ wide Can be pruned – even to tree-like shape Small, whiteish-blue berries Fruit used for wine, jellies, candy, pies, and sauces Wide variety of ethnobotanical uses Good wildlife plant Photo by: Walter Siegmund Wikipedia user: Wsiegmund

3 DWARF BLUEBERRY - Vaccinium caespitosum Low-lying plant Maximum height: 1.5’ Found in forest understory Foliage is reddish-green Flowers light pink cups less than ½” wide. Fruit is edible blue berry Dave Powell, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org SQUASHBERRY, MOOSEBERRY – Viburnum edule Medium size shrub 7’-10’ high x 4’-6’ wide Sun to part shade White flowers in spring Colorful fall foliage Edible red berry, good for jam Valuable wildlife plant Dave Powell, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org

4 COLUMBIA TIGER LILY - Lilium columbianum Copyright: Rod Gilbert Can have many flowers on single stem Flowers are lightly scented Blooms June-July Prefers moist, well-drained rich soil Found in: Open woods, meadows, prairies Grows well in gardens in sun to part shade LARGE CAMAS - Camassia leichtlinii Copyright: Rod Gilbert Perennial plant 1’-3’ in height Grows well in gardens Likes well-drained humus-rich soil Divide in autumn after leaves wither Plant bulbs in the autumn

5 SALAL - Gaultheria shallon Photo by: Bill (W.D.) and Dolphia Bransford Evergreen Shrub Height: 1’-3’ in landscape; 5’ in wild Can be pruned – resulting in fresh, bright green leaves Growing ease: Medium Tolerates dry to slightly moist soil Requires part shade to shade California Wax Myrtle - Myrica californica Fragrant-leaved vergreen Shrub Grows to 15’ Tolerates seaside conditions, sand, clay and seasonal flooding Best in afternoon shade Needs summer water in inland areas Can be sheared for a more formal- looking hedge Fixes nitrogen in you r soil Photo: Ben Cody

6 Henderson’s checker mallow - Sidalcea hendersonii Hollyhock-like pink flowers to 30” Blooms all summer Sun/Shade: Sun Prefers rich moist to wet soil Butterflies & humming birds love! Easily grown in container Good for cut flowers Duckfoot/Inside out flower - Vancouveria hexandra Close relative to epimediums Likes partial shade Flowers April-June; Height 16” White flowers with petals curved backwards - looks like flower turned inside-out Growth habit: Gently creeping Habitat: Humus rich, well- drained soil Leaves used in natural medicines Photo by Wikipedia author: peganum

7 Sitka or Red Columbine - Aquilegia Formosa Height: 12” Blooms: May-August Flower color: Red Best in partial shade, but will tolerate sunny spot. Thrives in PNW gardens Duckfoot/Inside out flower - Vancouveria hexandra Close relative to epimediums Likes partial shade Flowers April-June; Height 16” White flowers with petals curved backwards - looks like flower turned inside-out Growth habit: Gently creeping Habitat: Humus rich, well- drained soil Leaves used in natural medicines Photo by Wikipedia author: peganum

8 Lady Fern - (Athyrium filix-femina) Height: 3-4’ Grow in full shade Habitat: Rich moist to wet soil Easy fern to grow Can divide and transplant in spring Excellent for shady rain garden Common Rush/Soft Rush - Juncus effusus Height: 18-24” Habitat: Most, heavy soil Sun/Shade: Tolerates sun Good for rain garden or accent Artisanal use of leaves Photo by Meggar in Wikipedia Jesmond Dene, Newcastle, Northumberland, UK; 11 May 2006

9 Licorice Fern - (Polypodium glycyrrhiza) Excellent addition to rock garden Grows to 12” in shade Grows on limbs of deciduous trees Also found on rocks, logs, and wet, mossy humus Licorice-flavored rhizome (try it!) Grows in winter Dormant (yet green) in summer Miner’s Lettuce - Claytonia sibirica Height: 3-6” White or pink flowers Blooms February - August Gently spreads in shade under conifers or other dark areas Entire plant is edible

10 Oak Fern - Gymnocarpium dryopteris A must-have in your PNW Northwest shade garden Perennial growing to 6-8” Grows in part to full shade Likes rich, organic soil under trees or shrubs Plant it under your rhodies! Pacific Bleeding Heart - Dicentra formosa Soft pink flowers Flowers mid-spring to early summer – sometimes again in autumn. Spreads via rhizomes Height: 18” Partial shade to full sun Moist, humus rich, well-drained soil Photo: John Neorr Photo: Walter Siegmund, Wikipedia

11 Slough Sedge - Carex obnupta Suitable for rain garden Height: 3-4’ Spreads via rhizomes Grows in sun to partial shade Habitat: Wetlands Provides seed for birds. Spiny Wood Fern - Dryopteris expansa Ideal for wet and shady garden A deciduous plant 5-20” fronds laying flat close to ground Spreads via spores and rhizomes Try it under small trees/rhodies Complements lady fern

12 Western Crabapple - Malus fusca Hardy tree growing to 15’ White flowers bloom in spring Grows in sun in most soil types Rain garden candidate Sour fruit attracts birds Western Hemlock - Tsuga heterophylla Height: ’ Extremely shade tolerant Slow growing in shade, rapid growing in sun. Likes moist, acidic soil Washington state tree Photo by Wikipedia user: MPF

13 Wood Strawberry - Fragaria vesca Grows anywhere! White flowers Tasty red berries Prefers full sun to partial shade Spreads via runners Berries eaten by mammals and birds Slender Cinquefoil - Potentilla gracilis Yellow flower Blooms early summer into fall Height: 20-30” Cutback in midseason Does best in full sun Likes year-round dampness Photo by: Walter Siegmund Wikipedia user: Wsiegmund Photo: Stan Shebs


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