main idea of each paragraph Paragraph 1 Paragraph 2 Paragraph 3 Paragraph 4. The environmental situation of the Yangtze River is improving. The environmental problems of the Yangtze River have raised concern. Many people have recognized the importance of protecting the Yangtze river and many environmental organizations and projects have been set up. Two special government projects are under way to protect the river. One is the water and soil preservation project. The second project is a nature reserve for white-flag dolphins Paragraph 5
PartsMain ideas structure of the article Paragraph 1 Paragraphs 2--4 Paragraph 5 The environmental problems of the Yangtze River have raised concern. A lot of work has been done to protect the river. The environmental situation of he Yangtze River is improving.
Questions 1). Why have the environmental problems of the Yangtze River raised concern both nationally and internationally? Rapid agricultural and industrial development plus huge population growth has meant that not only is the amount of water taken from the river rising, but the waste being put back into the river has also been increasing. It also watches the river and stops the illegal hunting of animals.
Questions 2). What does the Green River organization do? It educates and advises people on the importance of protecting the Yangtze River. 3). What problems do the two government projects focus on? They had to replace crops on their farmland with trees or grassland.
Questions 4). What did farmers have to do under the water and soil preservation project? They focus on problems along the Yangtze River such as water conservation and protecting white-flag dolphins. 5). What does the second project concern? The second project is a nature reserve for white-flag dolphins.
Do you think the environmental situation of the Yangtze River is getting better? Why? What else can we do to protect the Yangtze River?
1. rely on (P38) 1)count or depend on sb./sth. 依赖 2)have trust or confidence in sb./sth 信任 Nowadays we rely increasingly on computers for help/to help us. I relied on you(r) coming early. You can rely on it that it will rain this weekend. You can rely on me to keep you secret.
2.The pollution of the river has resulted in unsafe drinking water which has led to health problems for people living near the river.(P38) lead to sth : 导致 =result in the opposite: lie in sth 存在，在于 Reducing speed limits should lead to fewer deaths on the roads. His skill lies in his ability to communicate quite complex ideas very simply. The play's interest lies in the questions it raises about sexuality.
3.Two special government projects are also under way to protect the river.(P38) under way: having started and making progress: 已经开始并进行着 The project is under way. Economic recovery is already underway
way 常用词组： all the way :1 ） 一直，从头到尾 2 ）老远 3 ）完全，全部 all the way from … to … 各种各样的 by the way :1 ）顺便一说 2 ）在途中 by way of: 1 ）经过，经由 2 ）为了 find one ’ s way 找到路， 设法到达 gather way 加速 get/fall into the way of 养成做 … 的习惯 get one ’ s way 随心所欲 give way (to) 1) 屈服 2 ）被 … 所取代 in any way 不管怎样，好歹 in a big/small way 大 / 小规模地
way 常用词组 ： in a way 1 ）在某种程度上 2 ）有点，有几分 in no way 决不 in one ’ s (own) way 以自己的方式 in the (one ’ s) way 妨碍某人 in the way of 1) 妨碍了 2 ） 就 … 来说 lead the way 领路，带路 lose one ’ s way 迷路 make one ’ s way （辛苦地）前进 make way for 让路，让位 no way 没门 on one ’ s (the ) way 1 ）在途中 2 ）渐趋于 out of the way 1 ）不会妨碍之处 2 ）过时 the other way about/around/round 相反地，颠倒地
You have to give way to traffic coming from the right. Neither of them will give way, so they could be arguing for a very long time. Don't give way to your fears. You've been there before - why don't you lead the way? I think we've discussed everything we need to - by the way, what time is it? Oh, by the way, my name's Julie. In some areas, modern intensive farming is giving way to the re- introduction of traditional methods. I'll take my complaint all the way to the managing director if I have to. I'm well on the way to completing the report. "Go on, lend me your bike." "No way!" It's a very beautiful village but it's a bit out of the way. Finding a way through the legislation is impossible without expert advice.
4.The projects focus on problems along the Yangtze River such as water conservation.(P38) focus (sth) on/upon sb/sth phrasal verb to give a lot of attention to one particular person, subject or thing: 集中于，关注 Tonight's programme focuses on the way that homelessness affects the young. When the kitchen is finished I'm going to focus my attention on the garden and get that sorted out.
5. Less than 100 white-flag dolphins remains in the Yangtze River.(P38) remain V. 1)to stay in the same place or in the same condition: 停留，保持 The doctor ordered him to remain in bed for a few days. A great many things remain to be done (= have not yet been done). He remained silent. It remains a secret.
5. Less than 100 white-flag dolphins remains in the Yangtze River.(P38) remain V. 2 ) [I] to continue to exist when other parts or other things no longer exist: 留下，存活 After the flood, nothing remained of the village. Only a few hundred of these animals remain today.
1. （ 2004 春季上海） The pilot asked all the passengers on board to remain ____________ as the plane was making a landing. A. seat B. seating C. seated D. to be seating 2. (NMET2002) Having a trip abroad is certainly good for the old couple, but it remains __________ whether they will enjoy it. A. to see B. to be seen C. seeing D. seen 高考链接
６.effort(P38) N. 1) [C or U] physical or mental activity needed to achieve something: 努力 2 [C] the result of an attempt to produce something, especially when its quality is low or uncertain: 努力的结果，杰作 If we could all make an effort to keep this office tidier it would help. You can't expect to have any friends if you don't make any effort with people. Do you want to have a look at his exam paper? It's a fairly poor effort.