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NARRATIVE ESSAY. ASSIGNMENT  To tell the story of a significant moment in your life-history thus far.  To have a clear purpose in telling this narrative;

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Presentation on theme: "NARRATIVE ESSAY. ASSIGNMENT  To tell the story of a significant moment in your life-history thus far.  To have a clear purpose in telling this narrative;"— Presentation transcript:

1 NARRATIVE ESSAY

2 ASSIGNMENT  To tell the story of a significant moment in your life-history thus far.  To have a clear purpose in telling this narrative; that is, to elucidate the valuable lessons you have taken from this experience.  To carefully select narrative details to support these morals or lessons.  To arrange these details in an appropriate narrative order.

3 CHARACTERISTICS * CHRONOLGY otime sequence ostory with a beginning, middle, and end omake a *TIMELINE* * MORAL, POINT, LESSONS LEARNED ostated in the thesis & conclusion oNot: “I am going to tell a story about…” oRather: “This experience taught me a valuable lesson about friendship.”

4 CHARACTERISTICS * RELEVANCE (EXCITEMENT) ostress relevant (exciting) parts oshorten irrelevant (dull) parts * FOCUS on a specific event oday #3 of vacation * INTRODUCTION and CONCLUSION: othis IS an essay othis is NOT necessarily a 5-paragraph essay

5 PREWRITING

6 PREWRITING  MAKE 2 LISTS: (1) a list of the 5 best times in your life (2) a list of the 5 worst times in your life  MAKE a TIMELINE for the EVENTS of the MOST SIGNIFICANT EXPERIENCE of YOUR LIFE: ochronology ohave a clear beginning, middle, and end

7 INTRODUCTION

8 INTRODUCTION *As if you were on The Late Show promoting a movie:  quick set up (“Set this clip up for us.”)  then “roll tape”  show a clip from “the movie of your life”

9 SO WHAT?! INTRODUCTION PICTURE FRAME *PURPOSE:  Why are you telling this story?  To satisfy this demand, use the Introduction and Conclusion to create a “frame” which will encompass your story.

10 INTRODUCTION PICTURE FRAME  The Introduction & Conclusion are the frame around your picture. In them, you will only discuss the background and lesson learned. They are not to make up the majority of your essay.  The Body of the essay will be the picture. It will tell a story, and it will make up the majority of your paper.  Further, the narrative elements you choose for the story will clearly illustrate the lesson/s you learned.

11 INTRODUCTION PICTURE FRAME INTRO. STORY CONCLN.

12 INTRODUCTION GENERALIZE:  Regarding the type of lessons you learned  Regarding the type of experience you had  “Death is a painfully inevitable part of life, so most of us have undoubtedly had to face death at some point in our young lives.”

13 INTRODUCTION NARROW TOWARDS YOU:  Some  Others  “For some, it may have been the death of a close friend or classmate.”  “For others, it may have concerned the passing of a teacher or an adult acquaintance.”

14 INTRODUCTION TO YOU:  Transition to you  Use transitional expressions  Perhaps brief background information  “However, my encounter with death involved the demise of a close family relative when I was 16. In November of 2006, my 22-year-old cousin, Jefferson Miles, whom I had idolized all my life, died of esophageal cancer.”

15 INTRODUCTION THESIS: Previous sentence: Brief background  When, where did this event take place?  Year, age, season  “During the spring semester of 2004 after I turned 18….” Thesis: ANSWER 2 QUESTIONS: 1) What kind of story? 2) What kind of lessons learned?

16 INTRODUCTION THESIS:  “This tragic experience from that miserable fall taught me valuable lessons concerning my life and family in particular, as well as life and death in general.”  “This frightening experience has taught me valuable lessons regarding me, my family, family in general, and life.”

17 BODY

18 BODY: DETAILS  DESCRIPTION is necessary: vivid detail for character development or setting the scene  concrete & specific details  careful selection of details (STORY=LESSON)  CHRONOLOGICAL organization of details ono flashbacking, no omniscience ono Quentin Tarantino opast tense only

19 BODY: DETAILS  TIME oYear, age, season  NAMES opeople, places, occupation titles, stadiums, hospitals, funeral parlors, high schools  BRIEF DESCRIPTIONS oNot a descriptive essay oUse description to set the scene oOr highlight your lessons learned o“the blonde male nurse in purple scrubs took my blood pressure at St. Mark’s Hospital….”

20 BODY: STORY  Extremely FOCUSED  Just a clip from your life-movie  Flows LINEARLY  All verbs should be in the PAST TENSE  PARAGRAPH STRUCTURE: the story should not be all one paragraph; break the narrative into stages (each stage = a paragraph)

21 BODY: BACKGROUND  In the story through dialogue or thoughts at the time**  In the Conclusion when you are explaining a particular lesson**  In the Introduction, briefly, as you set up the story *GET TO THE STORY  The 1 st Body paragraph = start of the story  Do not make the reader wait until the 3 rd Body paragraph for your story to begin.

22 CONCLUSION

23 CONCLUSION: MORAL  Fully explain the morals/lessons you learned from this experience  While you only hinted at the morals in your Introduction, explain them in detail here in your Conclusion  Lessons concerning yourself, family, friendship, love, life --  Induction: lessons emanate out from the event

24 CONCLUSION: POV  No “you”  In the Introduction and Conclusion, do not switch to 3 rd person POV (“you”)  This is YOUR story-  These are lessons that YOU learned-  So speak from the “I” (1 st person POV)

25 Descriptive Essay VS Narrative Essay

26  SENSE DETAILS  Dominant Impression  BODY STRUCTURE: o3 Body paragraphs o3 parts of the room/car oEach supported by: osense details ONLY ometaphors to support DI  Spatial Arrangement  NARRATIVE DETAILS  Morals/Lessons  BODY STRUCTURE: o3 Body paragraphs ostart, middle, end oOR grouped by stages oEach supported by: onarrative elements odescriptive details to set scenes, support lessons  Chronological Order

27 TOPICS

28 TOPICS *FOCUSED:  FROZEN MOMENT IN TIME  NOT LIFE STORY  NOT MULTIPLE DAYS  3-4 PAGES IN LENGTH (with sufficient detail)  PART OF A CHAPTER IN YOUR AUTOBIOGRAPHY oneither a FULL CHAPTER onor an ENTIRE BOOK

29 ACHIEVEMENT

30 MISTAKE

31 SIGNIFICANT EVENTS in an ADULT LIFE: Family

32 SIGNIFICANT EVENTS in an ADULT LIFE: Firsts

33 SIGNIFICANT EVENTS in an ADULT LIFE: Realizations

34 More SIGNIFICANT EVENTS in an ADULT LIFE

35 TOPICS 1) TELL THE STORY OF A MAJOR CHANGE IN YOUR LIFE, AN EVENT THAT CHANGED YOUR LIFE OR YOUR WAY OF THINKING ABOUT A PERSON, PLACE, OBJECT:  went to college, inspirational story, went out for a sport/club/play  quit bad habit, split with boy/girlfriend, left bad friends  met someone new  death in the family  divorce day

36 TOPICS *CONTINUED:  9/11 or anthrax scare  good/bad vacation  dumb action I did  suspended from school  found God, faith was tested, found Alcoholics Anonymous  *met a challenge that neither you nor anyone thought you could do

37 TOPICS 2) TELL THE STORY OF A SPECIAL OBJECT (trophy, medal, picture, stuffed animal) THAT MEANS SO MUCH TO YOU : *this is NOT a descriptive essay on the object;  BODY: orather, tell the story behind the object: ohow/when/why did you get it  CONCLUSION: olessons learned from the experience owhy it means so much to you, ohow it gives insight into who you are, oand how you would use it to introduce yourself to someone new whom you wanted to see the “real” you

38 TOPICS 3) OTHER TOPICS:  uncle’s viewing  family member’s (son’s) death—the day of  the day you found Alcoholics Anonymous  bad vacation (focused)  day found out about...diabetes, cancer, pregnancy  *family tradition  sweet 16, hunting trip, accident, robbery  school play or musical (auditions, opening night), nationals or states  responsibility

39 An EXAMPLE of a NARRATIVE ESSAY

40 EXAMPLE EXAMPLE SKELETON OF A NARRATIVE ESSAY *INTRODUCTION:  You’ve got to learn to laugh at yourself.  The best advice my grandfather ever gave me was “Boy, you’ve got to learn to laugh at yourself.”

41 EXAMPLE (cont’d)  Sane people have learned to laugh at themselves. (or well-adjusted people) (generalizing w/o “you”) The best way for people not to take life too seriously is to tell stories about unpleasant events that happened to them. As a teacher, I have had certain encounters that, had I not laughed at them, would have driven me crazy and forced me to leave the profession. For example, during the spring semester of 2004, I took over a section of Microcomp for an ailing colleague and had one of the most embarrassing experiences of my professional career. That day, this teacher was taught a few lessons about himself and his co- workers.

42 EXAMPLE (cont’d) *SYNONYMS for “EXPERIENCES”:  occurrences, incidents, encounters, events, episodes

43 EXAMPLE (cont’d) *BODY: After a long day of teaching my usual load of courses, I ….  skip irrelevant parts  continue with the rest of the story, with concrete/descriptive details and with specific narrative details that prove your lesson learned

44 EXAMPLE (cont’d) *CONCLUSION: This embarrassing, yet funny experience taught me some valuable lessons about myself and my colleagues. First, I realized that…  continue with specific, clear lessons learned  go into specifics regarding these lessons  more than one lesson learned from the “most significant experience” in your life

45 NARRATION in SONGS

46 “THE GAMBLER” KENNY ROGERS On a warm summer’s evenin’ on a train bound for nowhere, I met up with the gambler; we were both too tired to sleep. So we took turns a starin’ out the window at the darkness ‘til boredom overtook us, and he began to speak. He said, son, I’ve made a life out of reading’ peoples faces, And knowin’ what their cards were by the way they held their eyes. So if you don’t mind my sayin’, I can see you’re out of aces. For a taste of your whiskey Ill give you some advice. So I handed him my bottle and he drank down my last swallow. Then he bummed a cigarette and asked me for a light. And the night got deathly quiet, and his face lost all expression. Said, if you’re gonna play the game, boy, ya gotta learn to play it right. You got to know when to hold ’em, know when to fold ’em, Know when to walk away and know when to run. You never count you r money when you’re sittin’ at the table. There’ll be time enough for countin’ when the dealing’s done Now ev’ry gambler knows that the secret to survivin’ Is knowin’ what to throw away and knowing what to keep. cause ev’ry hands a winner and ev’ry hands a loser, And the best that you can hope for is to die in your sleep. So when he’d finished speakin’, he turned back towards the window, Crushed out his cigarette and faded off to sleep. And somewhere in the darkness the gambler, he broke even. But in his final words I found an ace that I could keep. (repeat chorus X3)

47 “CHRISTIE LEE” BILLY JOEL Let me tell you a story About a woman and a man Maybe you will find familiar Maybe you won't understand The man's name I don't remember He was always Joe to me But I can't forget the woman She was always Christie Lee He was working in a night club That's where he played the saxophone He used to fake to stock arrangements He left the customers alone But one night before the last song About a quarter after three He saw her standing at the coat check And made his move on Christie Lee (X4) She was a nice piece of music She had a rhythm all her own He blew a solo like a blind man She really dug his saxophone She wanted more than just an encore And he could play in every key He left the stage and packed his alto And he took it home with Christie Lee Oh I heard the man knew "the Bird" like the bible You know the man could blow an educated axe He couldn't see that Christie Lee was a woman Who didn't need another lover All she wanted was the sax It took a while for him to notice It took a while for him to see He was never in control here It was always Christie Lee Christie Lee, Christie Lee (X2) Oh the man took a calculated gamble Yes the man had the power to perform But Christie Lee was more than he knew how to handle She didn't need him as a man All she wanted was the horn They say that Joe became a wino They say he always drinks alone They say he stumbles like a blind man They say he sold his saxophone Even the band must face the music That's what the moral is to me The only time you hit the high note Is when you play for Christie Lee

48 “THE BREAK-UP SONG (They Don’t Write ’Em)” GREG KIHN We had broken up for good just an hour before Uh uh uh, uh uh uh uh uh Now I'm staring at the bodies as there's dancin' 'cross the floor Uh uh uh, uh uh uh uh uh And then the band slowed the tempo and the music gets me down Uh uh uh, uh uh uh uh uh It was the same old song with the melancholy sound Uh uh uh, uh uh uh uh uh They don't write 'em like that anymore They just don't write 'em like that anymore We'd been living together for a million years Uh uh uh, uh uh uh uh uh But now it feel so strange (out in the atmospheres?) Uh uh uh, uh uh uh uh uh And then the jukebox plays a song I used to know  Uh uh uh, uh uh uh uh uh Now I'm staring at the bodies as they dancin' so slow Uh uh uh, uh uh uh uh uh They don't write 'em like that anymore They just don't write 'em like that anymore Now I wind up staring at an empty glass Uh uh uh, uh uh uh uh uh Cause its so easy to say that you'll forget your past Uh uh uh, uh uh uh uh uh They don't write 'em like that anymore, no! They just don't write 'em like that anymore They don't write 'em like that anymore They just don't write 'em like that anymore

49 “Paradise By the Dashboard Light” Meat Loaf (1)  I. PARADISE Boy: I remember every little thing As if it happened only yesterday Parking by the lake And there was not another car in sight And I never had a girl Looking any better than you did And all the kids at school They were wishing they were me that night And now our bodies are oh so close and tight It never felt so good, it never felt so right And were glowing like the metal on the edge of a Knife Glowing like the metal on the edge of a knife C’mon! hold on tight! C’mon! hold on tight! Though its cold and lonely in the deep dark night I can see paradise by the dashboard light Girl: Ain't no doubt about it We were doubly blessed Cause we were barely seventeen And we were barely dressed Ain't no doubt about it Baby got to go and shout it Ain't no doubt about it We were doubly blessed

50 “Paradise By the Dashboard Light” Meat Loaf (2) Boy: Cause we were barely seventeen And we were barely dressed Baby doncha hear my heart You got it drowning out the radio I’ve been waiting' so long For you to come along and have some fun And I gotta let ya know No you’re never gonna regret it So open up your eyes I got a big surprise It’ll feel all right Well I wanna make your motor run And now our bodies are oh so close and tight It never felt so good, it never felt so right And were glowing like the metal on the edge of a knife Glowing like the metal on the edge of a knife C’mon! hold on tight! C’mon! hold on tight! Though its cold and lonely in the deep dark night I can see paradise by the dashboard light Oh its cold and lonely in the deep dark night Paradise by the dashboard light You got to do what you can And let mother nature do the rest Ain't no doubt about it We were doubly blessed Cause we were barely seventeen And we were barely -- Were gonna go all the way tonight Were gonna go all the way tonight's the night (repeat X3)

51 “Paradise By the Dashboard Light” Meat Loaf (3) RADIO BROADCAST: Ok, here we go, we got a real pressure cooker going. Here, two down, nobody on, no score, bottom of the ninth, there’s the wind- up, And there it is, a line shot up the middle, look at him go. this boy can really Fly! he’s rounding first and really turning it on now, he’s not letting up at all, he’s gonna try for second; the ball is bobbled out in center, and here Comes the throw, and what a throw! he’s gonna slide in head first, here he Comes, he’s out! no, wait, safe - safe at second base, this kid really makes Things happen out there. batter steps up to the plate here’s the pitch - he’s Going, and what a jump he’s got, he’s trying for third, here’s the throw, it’s In the dirt - safe at third! holy cow, stolen base! he’s taking a pretty big Lead out there, almost daring him to try and pick him off. the pitcher glances Over, winds up, and it bunted, bunted down the third base line, the suicide Squeeze is on! here he comes, squeeze play, it’s gonna be close, here’s the Throw, here’s th' play at the plate, holy cow, I think he’s gonna make it!

52 “Paradise By the Dashboard Light” Meat Loaf (4)  II. LET ME SLEEP ON IT Girl: Stop right there! I gotta know right now! Before we go any further --! Do you love me? Will you love me forever? Do you need me? Will you never leave me? Will you make me so happy for the rest of my life? Will you take me away and will you make me your Wife? Do you love me? Will you love me forever? Do you need me? Will you never leave me? Will you make me so happy for the rest of my life? Will you take me away and will you make me your Wife? I gotta know right now Before we go any further Do you love me !!!? Will you love me forever !!!?  Boy: Let me sleep on it Baby, baby let me sleep on it Let me sleep on it Ill give you an answer in the morning Let me sleep on it Baby, baby let me sleep on it Let me sleep on it Ill give you an answer in the morning Let me sleep on it Baby, baby let me sleep on it Let me sleep on it Ill give you an answer in the morning Girl: I gotta know right now! Do you love me? Will you love me forever? Do you need me? Will you never leave me? Will you make me so happy for the rest of my life? Will you take me away and will you make me your Wife?

53 “Paradise By the Dashboard Light” Meat Loaf (5) I gotta know right now! Before we go any further Do you love me? Will you love me forever? What’s it gonna be boy? Come on I can wait all night What’s it gonna be boy yes or no? What’s it gonna be boy yes or no? Boy: Let me sleep on it Baby, baby let me sleep on it Let me sleep on it And I’ll give you an answer in the morning Girl: I gotta know right now!!! Do you love me? Boy: Let me sleep on it!! Girl: Will you love me forever? Boy: Baby, baby let me sleep on it Girl: Do you need me? Will you never leave me? Boy: Let me sleep on it Girl: Will you make me so happy for the rest of my life? Boy: Let me sleep on it Ill give you an answer in the morning!! morning!!!! Ill tell you in the morning!!!!!

54 “Paradise By the Dashboard Light” Meat Loaf (6) Girl: Will you take me away, will you make me your wife? Girl: I gotta know right now Before we go any further Do you love me? Will you love me forever? Boy: Let me sleep on it Girl: Will you love me forever? Boy: Let me sleep on it Girl: Will you love me forever?  III. PRAYING for the END of TIME Boy: I couldn’t take it any longer Lord I was crazed And when the feeling came upon me Like a tidal wave I started swearing to my God and on my mother’s grave That I would love you to the end of time I swore that I would love you to the end of time! So now I’m praying for the end of time To hurry up and arrive Cause if I gotta spend another minute with you I don’t think that I can really survive Ill never break my promise or forget my vow But God only knows what I can do right now I’m praying for the end of time Its all that I can do Praying for the end of time, so I can end my time With you!!! Boy: It was long ago and it was far away And it was so much better than it is today Girl: It never felt so good It never felt so right And we were glowing like A metal on the edge of a knife

55 “HIGH” TRACE ADKINS Ain't no whiskey in this glass Try not to smoke too many cigarettes I stay away from Mary Jane These are my choices Ain't gonna judge you if you do So don't you judge me if I don't I got my reasons, my demons and my past But hey the truth is Yeah the truth is I get high Drivin' down the freeway Just knowin' that it's Saturday And I got no place to be I get high Standin' in the spotlight No words for what it feels like When you sing these songs back to me If you ask me now I'll tell you this is how I get high Sometimes this world can be too much Somedays I feel like bein' out of touch And I see a sunset that takes my breath away And I find hope again Set there and drink it in I get high Drivin' down the freeway Just knowin' that it's Saturday And I got no place to be I get high Standin' in the spotlight No words for what it feels like When you sing these songs back to me And if you ask me now I'll tell you this is how I get high I get high Standin' in the spotlight No words for what it feels like When you sing my songs back to me And if you ask me now I'll tell you this is how I get high Yeah this is how I get high

56 “MY FRIENDS, MY FRIENDS” EDDIE MONEY  Talkin’ ‘bout my t-shirts and how they used to fit me when I’m laughing with the boys Their spirits seemed to lift me we were talking about ‘68 & ‘69 and all the things we did it’s not that now we’re all that old, but then we were just the kids my friends, my friends never got together again but I love my friends, my friends  My memories are happy and my memories are sad But I love to take my pictures out and take the things I had  My songs are not like my life now and it’s always true me and my friends were dreamers dreaming all we do  my friends, my friends never got together again boy I love my friends, my friends  Oh, my friends, my friends we never got together again but I love my friends, my friends my friends, my friends we never got together again but I really do miss my friends, my friends

57 “IT COULD HAPPEN TO YOU” EDDIE MONEY On an afternoon Near the end of June We first met and fell in love Being both too shy Neither questioned why It was all we could think of So awkward at first It was like a curse You think you’ll never lose But then you do And it could happen to you In a borrowed ride White with power glide We felt passion’s burning heat With the static glow Of the radio Virgins struggled on the seat (uh-huh) Bathed in salty sweat We were soaking wet As the night turned purple blue She took my heart And it could happen to you I was never more alive than within her arms Life was as complete as it could be But being so much younger than you think you are Love can be so cruel in its struggle to be free On a vacation down From a college town I heard whispers in the street She was seen about Always hanging out With some dude She called real sweet When I asked her why She began to cry It was all that she could do She broke my heart And it could happen to you

58 CAVEAT

59 PERSONAL MATTERS WHILE I ENCOURAGE STUDENTS TO WRITE ABOUT EXPERIENCES THAT HAD SIGNIFICANTLY AFFECTED THEIR LIVES—WHICH MAKES FOR BETTER, MORE PASSIONATE WRITING—PLEASE BEAR THE FOLLOWING IN MIND: 1) IF NECESSARY, I WILL BE THE ONLY PERSON TO READ THE ESSAY; IN ESSENCE, I WILL BE YOUR PEER EDITOR 2) YOU WILL NOT BE GRADED ON THE SUBJECT MATTER—ONLY THE GRAMMATICAL AND MECHANICAL ASPECTS OF THE ESSAY—SO DO NOT MISUNDERSTAND THE GRADE AS A VALUE JUDGMENT ON YOU


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