Presentation on theme: "10.1.1 10.1.1 Analyze the extent to which individuals are responsible for enhancing health and safety in the community and the workplace. 10.1.3.10.1.3.Describe."— Presentation transcript:
10.1.1 10.1.1 Analyze the extent to which individuals are responsible for enhancing health and safety in the community and the workplace. 10.1.3.10.1.3.Describe the interrelationships of mental, emotional, social, and physical health throughout the stages of life. 10.1.7 10.1.7 Explain ways in which American families accommodate and care for their infants, children, and elderly. 10.3.6 10.3.6 Develop strategies to improve or maintain personal, family, and community health. 10.6.3 10.6.3 Demonstrate the ability to design and implement a plan for achieving a personal health goal. 10.6.4 10.6.4 Demonstrate the ability to evaluate progress toward achieving personal health goals. 10.6.5 10.6.5 Demonstrate the ability to formulate an effective plan for lifelong health that adapts to changing needs.
Stage 1 Age Range: 9-12, Average: about 10 Male hormones become active, but there are hardly any outside signs of development. Testicles are maturing, and some boys start their growth spurt. Stage 2 Age Range: 9-15, Average: 12-13 Testicles and scrotum begin to get increase in size, but penis size doesn't increase much. Very little pubic hair at the base of the penis. Increase in height and change in body shape. 3Normal Age Range: 11-16, Average: 13-14 Penis starts to get longer, but not very wide. Testicles and scrotum still grow. Pubic hair starts to get darker and coarser and is spreading towards the legs. Height growth continues and body and face shape look more adult. Voice begins to deepen. 4Normal Age Range: 11-17, Average: 14-15 Penis width increases, as well as length. Testicles and scrotum still growing. Pubic hair begins to take adult texture, although covers a smaller area. Most boys have first ejaculations. Underarm hair develops. Facial hair increases on chin and upper lip. Voice gets deeper and skin gets more oily. 5Normal Age Range: 14-18, Average: around 16 Nearing full adult height and physique. Pubic hair and genitals have adult appearance. Facial hair grows more completely and shaving may begin now or soon.During the late teens and early twenties, some men grow a bit more and develop more body hair, especially chest hair.
Stage 1 Age Range: Usually 8-11 In Stage 1 there are no obvious changes, but a girl's ovaries are enlarging and hormones begin. Stage 2 Age Range: Usually 8-14. Average: 11-12 The first sign of puberty is usually breast growth. A girl can also get taller and heavier. The first signs of pubic hair start out fine and straight, rather than curly. Stage 3 Age Range: Usually 9-15. Average: 12-13 Breast growth continues, and pubic hair becomes darker, but there still isn't a lot of it. Your body is still growing, and your vagina is enlarging. Some girls get their first menstrual periods. Stage 4 Age Range: Usually 10-16. Average: 13-14 Pubic hair grows and takes a triangular shape, but doesn't quite cover the entire area. Armpit hair is likely to appear in this stage. Ovulation begins in some girls, but not in a regular monthly routine. Stage 5 Age Range: Usually 12-19. Average: 15 This is the final stage of development.. Breast and pubic hair growth are complete and you are at your full height and natural weight. Menstrual periods are well established and ovulation occurs monthly.
Even though the human brain reaches 95% of its adult size by the age of six, it still goes through many changes during the adolescent years. The major development in the brain is the development of the cerebrum. This part of the brain controls memory and cognition. Cognition is the ability to reason and think out abstract solutions. This ability increases as a person develops further into puberty. The cerebellum, amygdala, frontal cortex, and corpus callosum also mature and increase in development during the teenage years.
During the teen years you become more independent. You take on more responsibilities and make more relationships with people outside your family.The drive for acceptance by your peers can cause you to do things you are not comfortable with or take unnecessary risks. You will take more interest in the opposite sex and seek to impress them. Teens go through many emotional changes during puberty as well. They may become moody or restless sometimes and other times they may have feelings of uncertainty. Teens feel that they are all alone and that no one understands what they are going through. These feeling are all new to them so they have no bases for what they think they should feel and constantly feel as if they are abnormal. Interactive study guide
Most people achieve physical maturity during late adolescence or the early twenties. Physical Maturity is state in which the body and all it’s organs are fully developed. Even though you physic is completed, you need other things to develop in life. Emotional maturity is the state in which mental and emotional capabilities are fully developed. Unlike physical maturity, emotional maturity doesn’t occur completely naturally. When a person has a good personal identity, can make good relationships, and is bale to give and receive love a person is considered to have emotionally matured. Bad experiences and a lacked social development can inhibit this development, even though a person can overcome these obstacles.
Goal: to develop intimacy Description: Person tries to develop close and personal relationships Positive outcomes: person can form close relationships and share with others Negative: person fears commitment, is unable to depend on others. Goal: to develop a sense of having contributed to society. Description: person thinks of others before their self. Positive outcomes: Person helps next generation Negative: Person may remain self-centered and have little involvement with others. Goal: To feel satisfied with ones life Description: Person tries to understand meaning of own life. Positive outcomes: Adult will have a sense of fulfillment and satisfaction with life choices. Negative: Person feels disappointed with life choices. Young adulthood Middle adulthoodLate adulthood Study Guide
After the uncertainty period of adolescence, you become more comfortable with your new self and even more comfortable with other people as well. The opposite sex should appeal more to you as a companion rather than an object. You eventually find someone that you can stand to be around for more than 15 minutes and decide to marry them. ( Not too romantic, but that’s the way it works) Some keys to a successful marriage are: Good communication: You are able to talk openly with your partner and share all needs and concerns. Emotional maturity: Both partners need to be emotional healthy and understand what the other needs. Similar values and interests: Both partners are able to share beliefs, cultures, and are able to spend time together.
After the Spouses create a good marital relationship, they might decide to have children by either adoption or conception. Either way parenting is one of the most difficult tasks in marriage. Here are some ways to be a good parent. Both parents must give love and care for their child no matter what They must give guidance and knowledge to their child throughout their lives. Teach their child good morals and manners. Parents must provide a home and loving environment for their child. Instill positive values and belief into their child’s life. Being a good parent doesn’t mean you cannot instruct discipline. A good parent makes sure that their child knows the difference between right and wrong. Act quickly and precisely so that children know the link between bad behavior and consequences. Make sure that the child knows that it was only his or her behavior that was wrong and not the themselves as a person.. Establish a set of consistent rules so that the child knows that the bad is bad and good is good all the time. The number one rule of parenting is giving unconditional love to your child, which is love without limitation. Study Guide
Physical transition: When your body as a whole changes throughout your adult life. You r skin loses elasticity, organs degenerate, and immune system becomes less affective. Exercise and healthy diet can slow this transition down., but it cannot be stopped. Women start to experience menopause. Menopause: women stop having ovulation and menstruation. This occurs around the ages 45-55. Mental transition: Even though your brain is not going to get any bigger at this age, it can still learn new things and get smarter. Just like when you exercise your muscles you get stronger, when you exercise your brain it gains more knowledge. Things like puzzles, reading, and board games, that make you think, help your knowledge grow.
Emotional transitions: When an adult has reached the midpoint in their life (40-50), he or she might experience a midlife crisis. This is when the adult questions all of his or her accomplishments and wonders if they have really made a difference in the world. If they feel like they haven't then they may feel depressed. Staying focused and setting new goals can help avoid these feelings. Social transitions: This is the time in an adults life where all the kids have grown up and moved out and the house begins to feel really empty. This is called the Empty Nest Syndrome. If you maintain a healthy relationship with your family, you will stay in contact stay with them and therefore you won’t feel as lonely. Study Guide