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Unidad 5 Barcelona, España. Unit 5 Learning Targets: I will be able to… describe daily routines, grooming, and chores tell others to do something say.

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Presentation on theme: "Unidad 5 Barcelona, España. Unit 5 Learning Targets: I will be able to… describe daily routines, grooming, and chores tell others to do something say."— Presentation transcript:

1 Unidad 5 Barcelona, España

2 Unit 5 Learning Targets: I will be able to… describe daily routines, grooming, and chores tell others to do something say what people are doing persuade others describe a house negotiate responsibility plan a party and purchase food describe past activities express extremes

3 U5E1 Learning Targets I will be able to… Describe daily routine Talk about grooming Tell others to do something Discuss daily chores

4 U5E1 Gramática I will learn the following grammar topics to meet the learning targets… Reflexive Verbs pp Irregular Affirmative tú Commands pp Negative tú Commands pp Pronoun Placements with Commands pp

5 U5E1 Gramática Present Tense of Reflexive Verbs TODAYS LEARNING TARGET Learn the present tense conjugations of reflexive verbs. Then practice conjugating reflexive verbs to describe the daily routines of yourself and others

6 To describe people doing things for themselves, use reflexive verbs. Examples of reflexive actions are brushing ones teeth or combing ones hair. Reflexive pronouns are used (required) with reflexive verbs to indicate that the subject of the sentence (actor) receives the action of the verb U5E1 Gramática Present Tense of Reflexive Verbs

7 REFLEXIVE VERBS acostarse o ue – to go to bed afeitarse – to shave bañarse – to take a bath cepillarse (los dientes, el pelo) – to brush ones teeth, hair despertarse e ie – to wake up dormirse – to fall asleep ducharse – to take a shower irse – to leave, to go away lavarse (la cabeza, el pelo, los dientes) – to wash ones hair, teeth levantarse – to get up maquillarse – to put on makeup peinarse – to comb ones hair ponserse la ropa – to get dressed, to put on ones clothes secarse – to dry oneself vestirse – to get dressed

8 U5E1 Gramática Present Tense of Reflexive Verbs Conjugating Reflexive Verbs – 2 parts lavarse – to wash oneself me lavo te lavas nos lavamos os laváis se lavase lavan verbspronoun

9 U5E1 Gramática Present Tense of Reflexive Verbs REFLEXIVE VS. NOT REFLEXIVE ReflexiveNot Reflexive Rosario washes herself. I brush my hair. She puts on her makeup. I take a bath. I wash my hands. Rosario washes the car. I brush the dogs hair. She puts makeup on her daughter. I give Reid a bath. I wash Noahs hands.

10 U5E1 Gramática Present Tense of Reflexive Verbs Notice you do not use a possessive adjective (mi, tu, su, nuestro, vuestro, etc..) with reflexive verbs, because reflexive pronouns include the concept of possession. Instead use the definite article. Ejemplo: RIGHT: Anita se lava la cara. / Anita washes her face. WRONG: Anita se lava su cara.

11 U5E1 Gramática Present Tense of Reflexive Verbs When you use the infinitive form of a reflexive verb AFTER a conjugated verb, be sure to use the correct reflexive pronoun. CORRECTO: Quiero levantarme temprano. INCORRECTO: Quiero levantarse temprano. Me quiero levantar temprano.

12 U5E1 Gramática Present Tense of Reflexive Verbs Pronoun Placement with Reflexive Verbs Reflexive Pronouns behave the same as direct and indirect object pronouns. Place the pronoun… BEFORE a conjugated verb OR ATTACHED to an infinitive, affirmative tú command or the present participle Ejemplo: Me voy a acostar a las once. / Im going to bed at eleven. (future) Voy a acostarme a las once. Acuéstate a las once. / Go to bed at eleven. – AFFIRMATIVE TÚ COMMAND Me estoy acostando a las once. / Im going to bed at eleven. (happening right now) Estoy acostándome a las once.

13 U5E1 Gramática Present Tense of Reflexive Verbs Some verbs have different meanings when used reflexively. dormir (ue) – to sleep dormirse – to fall asleep ir – to go irse – to leave, to go away poner – to put ponerse – to put on (clothes)

14 U5E1 Gramática Present Tense of Reflexive Verbs ¡PARA Y PIENSA! Did you get it? Create sentences using the following information. Use a reflexive pronoun only when necessary. 1. yo / lavar(se) / las mano 2. los chicos / secar(se) / el perro 3. Juana y yo / poner(se) / la mesa 4. mi abuelo / afeitar(se) / la cara

15 U5E1 Gramática Present Tense of Reflexive Verbs ¡PARA Y PIENSA! Did you get it? Create sentences using the following information. Use a reflexive pronoun only when necessary. 1. yo / lavar(se) / las mano Me lavo las manos. REFLEXIVE 2. los chicos / secar(se) / el perro Los chicos secan el perro. NOT REFLEXIVE 3. Juana y yo / poner(se) / la mesa Juana y yo (nosotros) ponemos la mesa. NOT REFLEXIVE 4. mi abuelo / afeitar(se) / la cara Mi abuelo se afeita la cara. REFLEXIVE

16 U5E1 Gramática Present Tense of Reflexive Verbs TODAYS LEARNING TARGET Learn the present tense conjugations of reflexive verbs. Then practice conjugating reflexive verbs to describe the daily routines of yourself and others

17 U5E1 Gramática Irregular Affirmative Tú Commands TODAYS LEARNING TARGET Review affirmative tú commands and learn the irregular forms. Then use affirmative commands to tell someone what to do.

18 U5E1 Gramática Irregular Affirmative Tú Commands How do you form the affirmative tú command? Put the verb into the present tense of the él, ella, Ud. form. Ejemplo:hablar (to speak) habla (speak) cruzar (to cross) cruza (cross)

19 U5E1 Gramática Irregular Affirmative Tú Commands Pronoun Placement with Affirmative Tú Commands Remember that when you use a pronoun with an affirmative tú command, the pronoun ATTACHES to the end of the commands. Add an accent when you attach a pronoun to a command of two or more syllables. Irregular affirmative tú commands with a pronoun will NOT have an accent mark Ejemplo:Come el taco. Cómelo. Eat the taco. Eat it. Cruza la calle. Crúzala. Cross the street. Cross it.

20 U5E1 Gramática Irregular Affirmative Tú Commands Irregular Affirmative Tú Commands Not all verbs follow the rule of putting the verb into the present tense of the él, ella, Ud. form. The same placement rule applies when using a pronoun with an irregular affirmative tú command (attach it to the end of the command). However, no accent mark is required. Ejemplo:Ella dice la verdad. Dila. She tells the truth. Tell it. Infinitivedecirhacerirponersalirsertenervenir Affirmative tú Command dihazveponsalsétenven

21 U5E1 Gramática Irregular Affirmative Tú Commands Affirmative tú commands (reflexive verbs) Sra. Myers uses with Noah. ¡Despiértate! ¡Levántate! ¡Ponte la ropa! ¡Ponte los zapatos! ¡Cepíllate los dientes! Affirmative tú commands (not reflexive) Sra. Myers uses with Noah. ¡Ten cuidado! ¡Dame un beso! / ¡Dame un abrazo! ¡Ven aquí! ¡Haz la cama! ¡Limpia tu cuarto! ¡Sé bueno!

22 U5E1 Gramática Irregular Affirmative Tú Commands Affirmative Tú Commands with Reflexive Verbs Ponerse otra camisa. Ponte otra camisa. Put on (yourself) another shirt. Lavarse los dientes. Lávate los dientes. Brush your teeth.

23 U5E1 Gramática Irregular Affirmative Tú Commands ¡PARA Y PIENSA! Did you get it? Give the commands of the following verbs. 1. ser buena 2. decir la verdad 3. hacer la tarea 4. venir a casa 5. salir para comprar pan 6. tener paciencia 7. ir a la tienda 8. poner el libro en la mochila Infinitivedecirhacerirponersalirsertenervenir Affirmative tú Command dihazveponsalsétenven

24 U5E1 Gramática Irregular Affirmative Tú Commands ¡PARA Y PIENSA! Did you get it? Give the commands of the following verbs. 1. Sé buena. 2. Di la verdad. / Dila 3. Haz la tarea. / Hazla. 4. Ven a casa. 5. Sal para comprar pan. 6. Ten paciencia. 7. Ve a la tienda. 8. Pon el libro en la mochila. / Ponlo en la mochila. Infinitivedecirhacerirponersalirsertenervenir Affirmative tú Command dihazveponsalsétenven

25 U5E1 Gramática Irregular Affirmative Tú Commands TODAYS LEARNING TARGET Review affirmative tú commands and learn the irregular forms. Then use affirmative commands to tell someone what to do.

26 U5E1 Gramática Negative Tú Commands TODAYS LEARNING TARGET Learn how to give negative tú commands. Then tell someone what not to do.

27 U5E1 Gramática Negative Tú Commands REPASO: What do you use to tell someone what to do? AFFIRMATIVE TÚ COMMANDS To form the affirmative tú command you put the verb into the present tense of the él, ella, Ud. form. hablar habla

28 U5E1 Gramática Negative Tú Commands What do you use to tell someone what NOT to do? NEGATIVE TÚ COMMANDS To form the negative tú command complete the following steps: 1. Put the verb in the present tense of the yo form 2. Drop the –o 3. Add the opposite tú ending (-es for –ar verbs / -as for –er and –ir verbs) and NO Ejemplo: hablar (to speak) hablo (I speak) habl- (drop the –o) hables (add the opposite tú ending) NO HABLES

29 U5E1 Gramática Negative Tú Commands Now you try it! mirar 1. miro (yo form) 2. mir- (drop the –o) 3. mires (add the opposite tú ending) 4. ¡No mires! (Don´t look!) (add NO) comer 1. como 2. com- 3. comas 4. ¡No comas! (Don´t eat!) vivir 1. vivo 2. viv- 3. vivas 4. ¡No vivas! (Don´t live!)

30 U5E1 Gramática Negative Tú Commands Práctica: Put the following verbs into the negative tú command. 1. correr en la casa 2. hablar mucho por teléfono 3. salir de la casa solo 4. venir tarde a comer 5. usar mi iPod

31 U5E1 Gramática Negative Tú Commands Práctica: Put the following verbs into the negative tú command. 1. ¡No corras en la casa! 2. ¡No hables mucho por teléfono! 3. ¡No salgas de la casa solo! 4. ¡No vengas tarde a comer! 5. ¡No uses mi iPod!

32 U5E1 Gramática Negative Tú Commands Irregular Negative Tú Commands dar (yo doy) no des estar (yo estoy) no estés ir (yo voy) no vayas ser (yo soy) no seas Notice that none of the yo forms of these verbs end in -o

33 U5E1 Gramática Negative Tú Commands Reflexive Verbs and Irregular Negative Tú Commands When putting a reflexive verb into the negative tú command you must use the reflexive pronoun te. You place the pronoun BEFORE the verbs in negative commands, just as with other conjugated verbs. To tell someone not to fall asleep, use the negative tú command of the verb dormirse (reflexive) dormir duermo (yo form) duerm- (drop the –o) duermas (add the opposite ending) pronoun = te (the pronoun will always be te with reflexive verbs and tú commands) ¡No te duermas! (place the pronoun BEFORE the verb)

34 U5E1 Gramática Negative Tú Commands Now you try it! Place the following relfexive verbs into the negative tú command form. 1. acostarse 2. afeitarse 3. bañarse 4. vestirse 5. ponerse la ropa

35 U5E1 Gramática Negative Tú Commands Now you try it! Place the following relfexive verbs into the negative tú command form. 1. ¡No te acuestes! 2. ¡No te afeites! 3. ¡No te bañes! 4. ¡No te vistas! 5. ¡No te pongas la ropa!

36 U5E1 Gramática Negative Tú Commands ¡PARA Y PIENSA! Did you get it? Give the negative tú command form of the following verbs. Watch out for irregulars and reflexives. 1. beber tantos refrescos 2. estar triste 3. dormirse en el sofá 4. quitar la mesa 5. ir al cine 6. despertarse tarde

37 U5E1 Gramática Negative Tú Commands ¡PARA Y PIENSA! Did you get it? Give the negative tú command form of the following verbs. Watch out for irregulars and reflexives. 1. ¡No bebas tantos refrescos! 2. ¡No estés triste! - IRREGULAR 3. ¡No te duermas en el sofá! - REFLEXIVE 4. ¡No quites la mesa! / ¡No la quites! 5. ¡No vayas al cine! - IRREGULAR 6. ¡No te despiertes tarde! - REFLEXIVE

38 U5E1 Gramática Negative Tú Commands TODAYS LEARNING TARGET Learn how to give negative tú commands. Then tell someone what not to do.

39 U5E2 Learning Targets I will be able to… Say what people are doing Persuade others Describe a house Negotiate responsibilities

40 Todays activities & homework assignment Devolver los papeles Entregar: Progress Detail Report U5E2 Gramática: Pronouns with the Present Progressive Participación 18 TAREA El libro p. 353 Act. 7-8 – even problems only (Part.) El cuaderno pp (20) As a result of what we do today, I can: Learn how to use pronouns with the present progressive. Then use these verbs to describe the daily routines of yourself and others.

41 U5E2 Gramática Pronouns with the Present Progressive TODAYS LEARNING TARGET Learn how to use pronouns with the present progressive. Then use these verbs to describe the daily routine of yourself and others.

42 U5E2 Gramática Pronouns with the Present Progressive Describe where you would put a pronoun (direct, indirect or reflexive) with the following: 1. infinitive 2. conjugated verb 3. affirmative command 4. negative command 5. present progressive

43 U5E2 Gramática Pronouns with the Present Progressive Describe where you would put a pronoun (direct, indirect or reflexive) with the following: 1. attached to the infinitive – Yo quiero comerlo. 2. before the conjugated verb – Yo lo como. 3. attached to the affirmative command – Cómelo. 4. before the negative command – No lo comas. 5. before the conjugation of estar OR attached to the present participle – Yo lo estoy comiendo. / Yo estoy comiéndolo.

44 U5E2 Gramática Pronouns with the Present Progressive TODAYS LEARNING TARGET Learn how to use pronouns with the present progressive. Then use these verbs to describe the daily routine of yourself and others

45 Todays activities & homework assignment Devolver los papeles Entregar: Progress Detail Report U5E2 Gramática: Pronouns with the Present Progressive Participación 18 TAREA El libro p. 353 Act. 7-8 – even problems only(Part.) El cuaderno pp (20) As a result of what we do today, I can: Learn how to use pronouns with the present progressive. Then use these verbs to describe the daily routines of yourself and others.

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47 Todays activities & homework assignment Calentamiento # 7 Tarea: El libro p. 353/Cuaderno pp U5E2 Gramática: The Verb deber Participación 18 TAREA El Libro pp Act – complete #s 1- 3 for each activity. (PART) El cuaderno p. 119 (10) As a result of what we do today, I can: conjugate the verb deber. Then use it to say what people should do.

48 U5E2 Gramática The Verb deber Formula: deber + infinitive deber – should, ought to yo debo I should tú debes you should nosotros(as) debemos we should vosotros(as) debéis you all should él, ella usted debe he/she should you should ellos, ellas, ustedes deben they should you all should

49 U5E2 Gramática The Verb deber Práctica: Translate 1. I should sweep the floor.Yo debo barrer el suelo. 2. You should clean the kitchen. 3. He should take out the trash. 4. They should clean the house. 5. Isabel should arrange the flowers. 6. We should vacuum.

50 U5E2 Gramática The Verb deber Práctica: Translate 1. I should sweep the floor. Yo debo barrer el suelo. 2. You should clean the kitchen. Tú debes limpiar la cocina. 3. He should take out the trash. Él debe sacar la basura. 4. They should clean the house. Ellos deben limpiar la casa. 5. Isabel should arrange the flowers. Isabel debe ordenar las flores. 6. We should vacuum. Nosotros debemos pasar la aspiradora.

51 U5E2 Gramática The Verb deber ¡PARA Y PIENSA! Did you get it? Write three sentences describing the chores you should do after class. 1. Yo debo limpiar el baño. 2. Yo debo poner la mesa. 3. Yo debo hacer mi tarea.

52 Todays activities & homework assignment Calentamiento # 7 Tarea: El libro p. 353/Cuaderno pp U5E2 Gramática: The Verb deber Participación 18 TAREA El Libro pp Act – complete #s 1- 3 for each activity. (PART) El cuaderno p. 119 (10) As a result of what we do today, I can: conjugate the verb deber. Then use it to say what people should do.

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54 Todays activities & homework assignment Calentamiento # 8 Tarea: El libro p /Cuaderno pp. 119 U5E2 Gramática: Adverbs that end in -mente Participación 18 TAREA El cuaderno p. 120 (10) Estudiar para la prueba de vocabulario As a result of what we do today, I can: form adverbs that end in –mente. use them to describe how something is done

55 U5E2 Gramática Adverbs that End in -mente In English adverbs often end –ly (easily, happily, normally) Many adverbs in Spanish are made by simply adding –mente

56 U5E2 Gramática Adverbs that End in -mente When an adjective ends in e, l or z, simply add –mente to the end reciente recientemente frecuente fácil normal especial feliz

57 U5E2 Gramática Adverbs that End in -mente When an adjective ends in e, l or z, simply add –mente to the end reciente recientemente frecuente frecuentemente fácil fácilmente normal normalmente especial especialmente feliz felizmente

58 U5E2 Gramática Adverbs that End in -mente For adjectives with –o or –a endings, add – mente to the feminine form cuidadoso cuidadosamente rápido lento tranquilo

59 U5E2 Gramática Adverbs that End in -mente For adjectives with –o or –a endings, add – mente to the feminine form cuidadoso cuidadosamente rápido rápidamente lento lentamente tranquilo tranquilamente

60 U5E2 Gramática Adverbs that End in -mente Notice that you must keep an ACCENT when an adjective is changed to an adverb. rápido rápidamente fácil fácilmente When you use two adverbs, REMOVE the – mente from the first one and put it in its feminine form. lenta y tranquilamente slowly and calmly

61 U5E2 Gramática Adverbs that End in -mente ¡PARA Y PIENSA! Did you get it? Complete each sentece with the correct adverb. 1. Pedro quita el polvo (cuidadoso) ______. 2. Enrique pasa la aspiradora (lento) _____. 3. Beto y Marta cantan (frecuente) _______.

62 U5E2 Gramática Adverbs that End in -mente ¡PARA Y PIENSA! Did you get it? Complete each sentece with the correct adverb. 1. Pedro quita el polvo cuidadosamente. 2. Enrique pasa la aspiradora lentamente. 3. Beto y Marta cantan frecuentemente.

63 Todays activities & homework assignment Calentamiento # 8 Tarea: El libro p /Cuaderno pp. 119 U5E2 Gramática: Adverbs that end in -mente Participación 18 TAREA El cuaderno p. 120 (10) Estudiar para la prueba de vocabulario As a result of what we do today, I can: form adverbs that end in –mente. use them to describe how something is done


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