8His father, Ali Rıza Efendi died when little Mustafa started primary school. So they moved to another city.
9They (MUSTAFA KEMAL, HIS SISTER AND MOTHER) stayed there with his uncle.
10They stayed there with his uncle They stayed there with his uncle. He worked on his uncle's farm for some time. Then, he went back to Selanik, and started Şemsi Efendi School again. Later, he entered the exam for the Military School and he passed it.
11He was very good at Maths in the Military School.
12His maths teacher liked him very much His maths teacher liked him very much. One day, he said to him "Your name is Mustafa. My name is Mustafa. That's why I'm giving you the name Kemal. Your name is Mustafa Kemal from now on. His name became Mustafa Kemal then..
13He was a very hardworking student He was a very hardworking student. He finished the Military School and joined the army as a young officer. He fought in Çanakkaler Wars. Then, he became the chief commander of the Turkish Independence War.
14He saved our country with his friends from the very strong nations of the world. And he overcame them.
15Then, he invited all the Turkish patriots to Ankara on the "19th of March,1920". He opened the Turkish Grand National Assembly by a religious ceremony on the 23rd of April, 1920.
16Atatürk is the founder of the Young Turkish Republic.
17He founded the Republic of Turkey on the 29th of October, 1923 He founded the Republic of Turkey on the 29th of October, And he became the first president of the Turkish Republic.
18In 1934 the Turkish Grand National Assembly gave him the surname "Atatürk". Atatürk means the father of Turks in English language.
19He died on the 10th of November, 1938. His mausoleum is in Ankara He died on the 10th of November, His mausoleum is in Ankara. Ankara is the capital city of Turkey. It's in the middle of Turkey.
21To see me does not necessarily mean to see my face To see me does not necessarily mean to see my face. To understand my thoughts is to have seen me. Beni görmek demek mutlaka yüzümü görmek demek değildir. Benim fikirlerimi, benim duygularımı anlıyorsanız ve hissediyorsanız bu yeterlidir.
22Turkey's true master is the peasant Turkey's true master is the peasant. Memleketin efendisi hakiki müstahsil olan köylüdür.Culture is the foundation of the Turkish Republic. Türkiye Cumhuriyetinin temeli kültürdür.
23Sovereignty is not given, it is taken. Egemenlik verilmez, alınır. Authority, without any condition and reservation, belongs to the nation. Egemenlik, kayıtsız şartsız ulusundur.
24Teachers: the new generation will be your devotion Teachers: the new generation will be your devotion. Öğretmenler: Yeni nesiller sizlerin eseri olacaktır.