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Chapter 5 Lesson 2 “Struggle For Freedom” p. 148-151 EQ: Why did increased tensions between the North and the South lead to war?

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 5 Lesson 2 “Struggle For Freedom” p. 148-151 EQ: Why did increased tensions between the North and the South lead to war?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 5 Lesson 2 “Struggle For Freedom” p EQ: Why did increased tensions between the North and the South lead to war?

2 Vocabulary Preview  Abolitionist: someone who joined the movement to abolish (or end )slavery  Discrimination: unfair treatment of particular groups  Underground Railroad: a series of escape routes and hiding places to bring slaves out of the South

3 Build on what you know  Think about how important freedom is to you.  In the early 1800s, not all people in the United States were free.  Many lived in slavery and struggled to win freedom, with help from the antislavery movement.

4 Antislavery Movement  People couldn’t agree on the issue of slavery.  Some felt that slavery was needed to grow cash crops (like cotton & tobacco).  As cotton farming spread in the South, they wanted slavery to spread too.  Other people felt it was wrong to enslave people.

5 Antislavery Movement  People who wanted to abolish slavery, were called abolitionists.  Most people thought slavery went against their religion.  Abolitionists included people from both the North and South (included: men, women, whites, and free blacks).  They wrote pamphlets and traveled across the country to speak against slavery.

6 Primary Source  Some enslaved people had to wear tags to tell what they did and where they lived. What state is stamped on these tags?

7 Leading Abolitionists William Lloyd Garrison “I will not retreat a single inch- AND I WILL BE HEARD” Fredrick Douglass After escaping to the North, Douglass raised enough money to buy his freedom. Sojourner Truth When she preached against slavery, she attracted large crowds.

8  1831: William Lloyd Garrison began printing an antislavery newspaper called “The Liberator”. He demanded that all enslaved people be free  Fredrick Douglass : was a black abolitionists. He had escaped from slavery. He was a writer and spoke to white audiences about slavery.  Sojourner Truth: born into slavery. Truth spoke in favor or abolition and women’s rights.

9 Fredrick Douglass Sojourner Truth William Lloyd Garrison ABOLITIONISTS

10 Free Blacks in the South  By 1860, about 500,000 free black lived in the US. About half lived in the North, half in the South.  Free blacks often faced discrimination: unfair treatment of particular groups.  State laws limited the rights of free blacks (ex. Couldn’t travel without permission)

11 Free Blacks in the North  African Americans in the North also faced discrimination. However, they could travel freely, organize groups, and publish newspapers.  These rights made it possible for free blacks to work openly about slavery.  Free blacks joined whites in creating the American Anti-Slavery Society in  This group fought for the end of slavery. Many free blacks gave money to the group.

12 Table Talk  When did the abolitionist movement grow quickly?  In the 1830s and 1840s What did William Lloyd Garrison do in 1831? Printed the Liberator, an antislavery newspaper

13 Barefoot Barefoot: Escape on the Underground Railroad by: Pamela Duncan Edwards

14 Underground Railroad Turn to page 150

15 Underground Railroad  Abolitionists worked in secret to help slaves escape to freedom. They set up a system called the Underground Railroad : a series of escape routes and hiding places to bring slaves out of the South.  Runaway, the people who fled slavery, could head to the NORTH and CANADA, or go south to FLORIDA or the CARRIBEAN.  Runaways walked at night. They hid in carts driven by members of the Railroad.

16 Stations and Conductors  Free blacks gave most of the money because they did most of the work to support the railroad.  Members gave food, clothing, and medical aids to runaways. They hid them until it was safe to move on.  Hiding places were known as “stations”.  “Conductors” guided runaways on to the next station.

17 Harriet Tubman  Harriet Tubman was the most famous conductor, who escaped from slavery in Maryland.  She then returned 19 times to lead others to freedom.  Each time, she risked being caught and enslaved again. Tubman helped about 300 people escape to the North.  She became a symbol of the abolitionist movement.

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19 What does this quote mean to you? “Follow the Drinking Gourd” Now that you listened to the song, what do you think this quote means now?

20 Underground Railroad  VIDEO VIDEO ?Ntt=underground+railroad&N=18340&N=  Interactive activity with the railroad education/multimedia/interactive/the- underground-railroad/?ar_a=1


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