Presentation on theme: "Unit 8 KEY WORDS in Unit 8 (page 120) BLUE GOLD. Before we start... Previous knowledge activity... ! Fill in the gaps in the following sentences with."— Presentation transcript:
Unit 8 KEY WORDS in Unit 8 (page 120) BLUE GOLD
Before we start... Previous knowledge activity... ! Fill in the gaps in the following sentences with the suitable word from the left column:
1.desalinationa. The Madriu Valley is the _________ of the Madriu river. 2. monsoonb. These products are not for national___________, but for export. 3. basinc. The government is going to build a ________ plant in Cambrils, so people have cheaper drinkable water. 4. freshwaterd. Urdangarin _________ some money from sport promotion into luxury cars. 5. sewagee. This year (a) severe _________ has ruined the crops in Somalia. People have no food! 6. consumptionf. Engolasters is a __________ lake. 7. supplyg. The beach is poluted because raw/untreated ________ has been pumped into the sea. 8. diverth. It ’ s said that the Russian mafia ________ arms to the terrorist soldiers in African countries. 9. droughtSwimming pools in Caldea use hot __________, despite its smell. 10. springwaterWe shouldn ’ t go to Vietnam during the __________ ! It rains all day!
Make sure you understand these key words before you correct your Previous Knowledge Activity:
Listen to the pronunciation at basin The area of land from which streams run into a river, lake or sea Bottled water bucket consumption = conca a container with an open top and a handle, often used for carrying liquids the amount used (eaten, drunk,...) Our consumption of junk food is horrifying. These products are not for national consumption, but for export.
dam a wall built across a river which stops the river's flow and collects the water, especially to make a reservoir (= an artificial lake) which provides water for an area. desalination the removal of salt from sea water There is a desalination plant (= factory) in Cambrils. divert to cause something or someone to change direction Our flight to Barcelona had to be diverted to the airport of Alguaire because of the storm. to use something for a different purpose Urdangarin diverted some funds from sport promotion into luxury cars. drinking water water that is suitable for drinking
drought a long period when there is little or no rain This year (a) severe drought has ruined the crops. Dyke/dike a wall built to prevent the sea or a river from covering an area, or a channel dug to take water away from an area flood to cause to fill with water, especially in a way that causes problems to be covered with water, especially in a way that causes problems Fresh freshwater living in or containing water that is not salty freshwater fish Engolasters is a freshwater lake. Compare: salt watersalt water Compare to a DAM !!
level the height of something The water level in the lake is much higher after heavy rain. the amount or number of something Inflation is going to rise 2% from its present level. monsoon the season of heavy rain during the summer in hot Asian countries ocean a very large area of sea These mysterious creatures live at the bottom of the ocean.
pail = a bucket Fill the pail with sand.bucket pump Verb or Noun a piece of equipment which is used to cause liquid, air or gas to move from one place to another resource [C usually plural] a useful or valuable possession or quality of a country, organization or person Britain's mineral resources include oil, coal and gas deposits.
to finish, use or sell all of something, so that there is none left I've run out of milk/money/ideas/patience. "Have you got any milk?" "Sorry, I've run out." If a supply of something runs out, all of it has been used or it is completely finished. My patience is beginning to run out. If a document or official agreement runs out, the period of time for which it lasts finishes My passport runs out next month - I must get it renewed. Run out
salty tasting of salt This soup is too salty for me. scarce Adjective = not easy to find or get Food and clean water were becoming scarce. scarce resources seawater = salt water of the ocean saltwater= adjective saltwater fish sewage waste matter (such as water or human urine or solid waste) Some cities in the world do not have proper facilities for the disposal of sewage. Raw/untreated sewage is being pumped into the sea, from where it pollutes our beaches. the system of carrying away waste water and human waste from houses and other buildings through large underground pipes or passages /skeəs/ / su ː id ʒ / = aigües residuals = clavegueram
shortage when there is not enough of something There's a shortage of food and shelter in the refugee camps. The long hot summer has led to serious water shortages. Spring water water from natural underground source stream water that flows naturally along a fixed route formed by a channel cut into rock or ground, usually at ground level a mountain stream underground streams any current of water or liquid The level of cholesterol in your blood stream the direction in which water is moving She stopped rowing and let the boat float with the stream. Tap water
taste an unnecessary or wrong use of money, substances, time, energy, abilities, etc That meeting achieved absolutely nothing - it was a complete waste of time. She's been unemployed for two years and it's such a waste of her talents. My mother couldn't bear waste - she always made us eat everything on our plates. thirsty needing to drink I felt/was hot and thirsty after my game of squash. waste Water crisis the flavour of something, or the ability of a person or animal to recognize different flavours I love the taste of garlic.
Water meter Water supply to provide something that is wanted or needed, often in large quantities and over a long period of time Electrical power is supplied by underground cables. Three people have been arrested for supplying arms to the terrorists. At the beginning of term, students are supplied with a list of books that they are expected to read. well = abastiment, suministro
Correction of previous knowledge activity cjafgbhdei
Homework Workbook: Page 66 activity 1 A, B and C