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Making Your Own Predictions Making Your Own Predictions Work in groups to predict what kind of changes will take place in the following fields Work in.

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Presentation on theme: "Making Your Own Predictions Making Your Own Predictions Work in groups to predict what kind of changes will take place in the following fields Work in."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Making Your Own Predictions Making Your Own Predictions Work in groups to predict what kind of changes will take place in the following fields Work in groups to predict what kind of changes will take place in the following fields 1) Medicine 1) Medicine 2) Computer technology 2) Computer technology 3) Education 3) Education

3 Pre-Reading Pre-Reading Directions: Discuss the following questions in pairs. Directions: Discuss the following questions in pairs. 1. Do you feel the changes in our life? 1. Do you feel the changes in our life? What are they? What are they? 2.Do you think the changes in science and 2.Do you think the changes in science and technology are too fast? technology are too fast? Can you be adaptable to these changes? Can you be adaptable to these changes? Why? Why?

4 With the development of science and technology, the world is changing quickly. In this text the writer presents several examples of the fast changes of the modern world. In the space of two or three generations, people witnessed major advances in medical research, nuclear energy and space exploration. Facing the great changes, different people react to them differently. Some resist them, the others are eager to accept them. While after the two disastrous world wars, people fear that science will destroy them. But there is possibility for people to adapt to changes and science will serve people will if treated properly. With the development of science and technology, the world is changing quickly. In this text the writer presents several examples of the fast changes of the modern world. In the space of two or three generations, people witnessed major advances in medical research, nuclear energy and space exploration. Facing the great changes, different people react to them differently. Some resist them, the others are eager to accept them. While after the two disastrous world wars, people fear that science will destroy them. But there is possibility for people to adapt to changes and science will serve people will if treated properly.

5 Words and Phrases Words and Phrases 1.adaptable adj. able to change so as to be suitable for new needs, different conditions, etc. 能 适应的,可修改的 1.adaptable adj. able to change so as to be suitable for new needs, different conditions, etc. 能 适应的,可修改的 I’m sure she’ll cope with the changes very well; she’s very adaptable. I’m sure she’ll cope with the changes very well; she’s very adaptable. [ 相关词语 ] adaptability n. [ 相关词语 ] adaptability n. adapt vt. 1) 使 …… 适应 (adapt… to …) adapt vt. 1) 使 …… 适应 (adapt… to …) He could not adapt his way of life to the company. He could not adapt his way of life to the company. 2) 改造;改编( adapt…n. …for) 2) 改造;改编( adapt…n. …for) The author is going to adapt his old play for The author is going to adapt his old play for television. television. adjustable 可调节的,可调整的 adjustable 可调节的,可调整的 [ 同义词、形近词 ] : adept 熟练的;精通的 [ 同义词、形近词 ] : adept 熟练的;精通的 Words and Phrases

6 2.contradict v. 1) to be opposite in nature to (another one); disagree with 同 …… 相矛盾;同 …… 相抵触 Your actions contradict what you said. Your actions contradict what you said. 2) 反驳;否认;顶嘴 It’s difficult to contradict someone politely. It’s difficult to contradict someone politely. 【相关词语】 contradiction n. in ~ to 与 …… 相矛盾,与 …… 相违背 in ~ to 与 …… 相矛盾,与 …… 相违背 3. convert v. 1) (to, into ) (cause to ) change into another form, substance, or state ( 常与 into 连用)转变;变换 That building has been converted into a school. That building has been converted into a school.

7 Foreign money can be converted at Foreign money can be converted at this bank. this bank. 2) (from, to) (persuade to) accept a particular religion, belief, etc. 改变信 仰、党派或意见等 She managed to convert him to her belief that life is fair to everyone in this world. She managed to convert him to her belief that life is fair to everyone in this world. [ 相关词语 ]conversion n. 变换,转化 [ 相关词语 ]conversion n. 变换,转化 convertible adj. 可改的, 自由兑换的 convertible adj. 可改的, 自由兑换的 [ 同义词、相近词 ] change,transform [ 同义词、相近词 ] change,transform 4. lag 1) v. (behind) to move or develop more slowly (tan others) 落后 develop more slowly (tan others) 落后 The elder people and children always lag behind when we go fora walk. The elder people and children always lag behind when we go fora walk. She felt frustrated when she lagged behind her classmates in exams. She felt frustrated when she lagged behind her classmates in exams. 2) n. 落后的时间 jet lag 时差感 [ 同义词、近义词】 linger, delay [ 同义词、近义词】 linger, delay

8 5. negative adj. 1) without any active, useful, or helpful qualities; not constructive 消极的;无用的;无益的 消极的;无用的;无益的 Pessimists usually take an negative attitude towards life. Pessimists usually take an negative attitude towards life. [ 相关词语】 negate vt. 否定(存在、 事实等),使无效 [ 相关词语】 negate vt. 否定(存在、 事实等),使无效 The air pollution of this area could completely negate our efforts to expand tourism here. The air pollution of this area could completely negate our efforts to expand tourism here. 这个地区的空气污染彻底否定了 我们在这儿开展旅游的努力 这个地区的空气污染彻底否定了 我们在这儿开展旅游的努力 negation n. 否认,否定,不存在 negation n. 否认,否定,不存在 negatively adv. 否定地,消极地 negatively adv. 否定地,消极地 [ 反义词 ] positive, affirmative [ 反义词 ] positive, affirmative

9 6. prosperity n. good fortune and success, esp. in money matters 富裕;兴旺发达 Many people pursues happiness and prosperity. Many people pursues happiness and prosperity. The prosperity of cities depends on the advance of The prosperity of cities depends on the advance of science and technology. science and technology. [ 相关词语 ]prosper vi. 繁荣;成功 [ 相关词语 ]prosper vi. 繁荣;成功 prosperous adj. 成功的,富裕的,顺利的 prosperous adj. 成功的,富裕的,顺利的 prosperously adv. 繁荣地,富裕地;顺利地 prosperously adv. 繁荣地,富裕地;顺利地 [ 同义词 ] boom, success [ 同义词 ] boom, success

10 7. give birth to 1) to be the origin of 引发,产生,发生 The invention of compute gave birth to changes in people’s life. 7. give birth to 1) to be the origin of 引发,产生,发生 The invention of compute gave birth to changes in people’s life. The Chinese nation has given birth to many national heroes and revolutionary leaders The Chinese nation has given birth to many national heroes and revolutionary leaders 2) to produce a child 分娩 2) to produce a child 分娩 8. have something /somebody in mind 心中想着某人或某事 心中想着某人或某事 He is a nice guy, but he is not the man that Mary has in mind. He is a nice guy, but he is not the man that Mary has in mind. I couldn’t see what she has in mind. I couldn’t see what she has in mind.

11 9. out of the ordinary: 不寻常的 9. out of the ordinary: 不寻常的 In our grandfather’s time it was quite out of In our grandfather’s time it was quite out of the ordinary for a woman to go to work. the ordinary for a woman to go to work. We’ll be there by six, as long as nothing out We’ll be there by six, as long as nothing out of the ordinary happens. of the ordinary happens. 10. to be exact: (spoken) used when giving 10. to be exact: (spoken) used when giving an exact answer, statement, etc. 确切地说 an exact answer, statement, etc. 确切地说 It’s two o’clock. To be more exact, it is two It’s two o’clock. To be more exact, it is two three. three.

12 1. The people of the pre-World War I 1. The people of the pre-World War I generation had hardly assimilated the generation had hardly assimilated the inventions of the era before they were attacked inventions of the era before they were attacked by a new batch of even more sophisticated by a new batch of even more sophisticated inventions. inventions. [ 释义 ] Just before the pre-World War I [ 释义 ] Just before the pre-World War I generation got familiar with the inventions of the generation got familiar with the inventions of the day, many more advanced inventions came to day, many more advanced inventions came to them. them. 【汉译】第一次 世界大战前出生的一代人还没 【汉译】第一次 世界大战前出生的一代人还没 有来得及掌握那个时代的发明又面临一批更高 有来得及掌握那个时代的发明又面临一批更高 级的发明的 级的发明的

13 2.Certain important inventions, like the telephone, the airplane, the automobile, and the radio, had been invented by 1914, but the effects of these inventions upon the lives of ordinary citizens were not felt until many year later. 2.Certain important inventions, like the telephone, the airplane, the automobile, and the radio, had been invented by 1914, but the effects of these inventions upon the lives of ordinary citizens were not felt until many year later. [ 释义 ] Certain important inventions, such as the telephone, the [ 释义 ] Certain important inventions, such as the telephone, the airplane, the automobile and the radio, had been invented airplane, the automobile and the radio, had been invented before 1914, but the lives of ordinary citizens were affected only before 1914, but the lives of ordinary citizens were affected only after many years. after many years. [ 汉译 ] 一些重要的发明如电话、飞机、和收音机早在 1914 年以前 [ 汉译 ] 一些重要的发明如电话、飞机、和收音机早在 1914 年以前 就已经问世,但直到许多年后普通老百姓才感受到这些发明对他 就已经问世,但直到许多年后普通老百姓才感受到这些发明对他 们的生活所产生的影响。 们的生活所产生的影响。

14 3. They can’t wait for the next invention to be available. [ 释义 ]They are eager to see the new invention. [ 汉译 ] 他们急切地期待着下一个新发明的 出现。 [ 解析 ] can’t wait/can hardly wait to do something. 常用于口语, 表示 “ 渴望做某事 ” 3. They can’t wait for the next invention to be available. [ 释义 ]They are eager to see the new invention. [ 汉译 ] 他们急切地期待着下一个新发明的 出现。 [ 解析 ] can’t wait/can hardly wait to do something. 常用于口语, 表示 “ 渴望做某事 ” 如: I can’t to wait to know the result of the interview. 如: I can’t to wait to know the result of the interview. She can hardly wait to see her parents. She can hardly wait to see her parents. 4. Will we, as a species, survive the revolutions that we have 4. Will we, as a species, survive the revolutions that we have begun. begun. [ 释义 ] Will we, as human beings can continue to live after [ 释义 ] Will we, as human beings can continue to live after we ourselves started the revolutions? we ourselves started the revolutions? [ 汉译 ] 作为一个物种,我们人类能否在我们自己发动的这种 [ 汉译 ] 作为一个物种,我们人类能否在我们自己发动的这种 变革中幸存下来呢? 变革中幸存下来呢?

15 5. Despite all the problems of the modern world,however, most people would not choose to live in any of the less scientific ages that have precede ours. [ 释义 ] In spite of all the problems of the modern world, however, most people were not willing to live in any of the previous ages that have preceded ours. [ 汉译 ] 尽管当今世界存在着种种问题,大多数人都不会愿意生活 在我们之前的任何一个科学欠发达的时代。 [ 解析 ]precede vt. 1) ( 在时间、顺序上)领先于 ……, 比 …… 先来 She precedes the other students to reach the top of the hill. 2) (在地位、重要性方面)比 …… 高,胜过 5. Despite all the problems of the modern world,however, most people would not choose to live in any of the less scientific ages that have precede ours. [ 释义 ] In spite of all the problems of the modern world, however, most people were not willing to live in any of the previous ages that have preceded ours. [ 汉译 ] 尽管当今世界存在着种种问题,大多数人都不会愿意生活 在我们之前的任何一个科学欠发达的时代。 [ 解析 ]precede vt. 1) ( 在时间、顺序上)领先于 ……, 比 …… 先来 She precedes the other students to reach the top of the hill. 2) (在地位、重要性方面)比 …… 高,胜过 The needs of the community must The needs of the community must precede individual requirements. precede individual requirements.

16 1) The fast change of the modern world 1) The fast change of the modern world (Para.1-2) (Para.1-2) Examples Examples A) People born just before World War I A) People born just before World War I experienced the invention of automobiles experienced the invention of automobiles and airplanes and the disappearance of and airplanes and the disappearance of the iceman and the blacksmith. the iceman and the blacksmith. B) Working people can become obsolete B) Working people can become obsolete because their occupations vanish in the because their occupations vanish in the in the middle of their lives in the middle of their lives C) Knowledge increases geometrically. C) Knowledge increases geometrically. D) The Atomic Age began in 1945, followed D) The Atomic Age began in 1945, followed quickly by the Space Age. quickly by the Space Age.

17 2) People’s reaction to changes. (Para. 3 – 5) 2) People’s reaction to changes. (Para. 3 – 5) A) When the change is too fast, people resist it. (Para. 3) A) When the change is too fast, people resist it. (Para. 3) B) People react differently to changes. (Para.4) B) People react differently to changes. (Para.4) C) There’s a limit to people’s ability to adapt. (Para. 5) C) There’s a limit to people’s ability to adapt. (Para. 5) 3) Science and man (Para. 6 -7) 3) Science and man (Para. 6 -7) A) There’s often a great lag between scientific discovery A) There’s often a great lag between scientific discovery and cultural acceptance. (Para. 6) and cultural acceptance. (Para. 6) B) The nature of Science (Para. 7) B) The nature of Science (Para. 7) 4) The Possibility for people to adapt to changes. (Para.8 – 11) 4) The Possibility for people to adapt to changes. (Para.8 – 11) A) People’s great potential to accept technical innovations. A) People’s great potential to accept technical innovations. (Para. 8) (Para. 8)

18 B) People’s ability to make agricultural miracles. ( Para. 9) B) People’s ability to make agricultural miracles. ( Para. 9) C) Science can serve people well if treated properly. (Para. 10) C) Science can serve people well if treated properly. (Para. 10) D) People’s unwillingness to live in any less scientific ages. D) People’s unwillingness to live in any less scientific ages. (Para. 11) (Para. 11)

19 1) Why Darwin’s theory is still rejected by many 1) Why Darwin’s theory is still rejected by many people? people? 2) Why does the article say that the future will 2) Why does the article say that the future will be more revolutionary than the past? be more revolutionary than the past? 3)What does the sentence “ it didn’t work out 3)What does the sentence “ it didn’t work out that way” mean? that way” mean? 4)What is the author’s attitude towards modern 4)What is the author’s attitude towards modern science? science?


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