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Bernard Harrison & Friends Ltd, 61st Annual Conference of WAZA, August 27 to 31 2006, Leipzig Zoo The Phenomenon of the Night Safari Bernard Harrison Principal.

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Presentation on theme: "Bernard Harrison & Friends Ltd, 61st Annual Conference of WAZA, August 27 to 31 2006, Leipzig Zoo The Phenomenon of the Night Safari Bernard Harrison Principal."— Presentation transcript:

1 Bernard Harrison & Friends Ltd, 61st Annual Conference of WAZA, August 27 to 31 2006, Leipzig Zoo The Phenomenon of the Night Safari Bernard Harrison Principal Partner – Creativity & Design Bernard Harrison & Friends Ltd

2 Bernard Harrison & Friends Ltd, 61st Annual Conference of WAZA, August 27 to 31 2006, Leipzig Zoo Outline The Phenomenon Nocturnal Houses Developing the Night Safari Concept Types of Night Developments

3 Bernard Harrison & Friends Ltd, 61st Annual Conference of WAZA, August 27 to 31 2006, Leipzig Zoo The Phenomenon

4 Bernard Harrison & Friends Ltd, 61st Annual Conference of WAZA, August 27 to 31 2006, Leipzig Zoo Zoos open at 9am & close at 5pm An accepted paradigm throughout the world

5 Bernard Harrison & Friends Ltd, 61st Annual Conference of WAZA, August 27 to 31 2006, Leipzig Zoo Why? Because office hours are from 9 am to 5pm Shops shut in Germany on Sunday….the one day that people have time to shop!

6 Bernard Harrison & Friends Ltd, 61st Annual Conference of WAZA, August 27 to 31 2006, Leipzig Zoo Why a Night Safari? To display nocturnal animal at night

7 Bernard Harrison & Friends Ltd, 61st Annual Conference of WAZA, August 27 to 31 2006, Leipzig Zoo When they’re active

8 Bernard Harrison & Friends Ltd, 61st Annual Conference of WAZA, August 27 to 31 2006, Leipzig Zoo From nightfall until midnight

9 Bernard Harrison & Friends Ltd, 61st Annual Conference of WAZA, August 27 to 31 2006, Leipzig Zoo In an outdoor, natural setting

10 Bernard Harrison & Friends Ltd, 61st Annual Conference of WAZA, August 27 to 31 2006, Leipzig Zoo Nocturnal Houses

11 Bernard Harrison & Friends Ltd, 61st Annual Conference of WAZA, August 27 to 31 2006, Leipzig Zoo Nocturnal Houses Most tropical mammals are nocturnal Most birds are diurnal Frustrated zoo directors & curators for years Many charismatic mega-vertebrates spend their days asleep

12 Bernard Harrison & Friends Ltd, 61st Annual Conference of WAZA, August 27 to 31 2006, Leipzig Zoo Nocturnal Houses National Zoo, Washington, D.C. first started experiments with reverse lighting in the early 1940’s World of Darkness, Bronx Zoo

13 Bernard Harrison & Friends Ltd, 61st Annual Conference of WAZA, August 27 to 31 2006, Leipzig Zoo Nocturnal Houses These experiments were imitated & improved at the Brookfield Zoo & Chester Zoo Omaha’s Henry Doorly Zoo

14 Bernard Harrison & Friends Ltd, 61st Annual Conference of WAZA, August 27 to 31 2006, Leipzig Zoo Nocturnal Houses 1953 Bristol Zoo opened first nocturnal house The phenomenon was soon reproduced all over the world Omaha’s Henry Doorly Zoo

15 Bernard Harrison & Friends Ltd, 61st Annual Conference of WAZA, August 27 to 31 2006, Leipzig Zoo Nocturnal Houses Reverse lighting convinces the nocturnal animal to change its circadian rhythm Omaha’s Henry Doorly Zoo

16 Bernard Harrison & Friends Ltd, 61st Annual Conference of WAZA, August 27 to 31 2006, Leipzig Zoo Nocturnal Houses To achieve this - illumination differential between day & night lighting must be convincing Daylight =100,000lux Moonlight =1lux Night Safari, Singapore

17 Bernard Harrison & Friends Ltd, 61st Annual Conference of WAZA, August 27 to 31 2006, Leipzig Zoo The Problem With Nocturnal Houses Cannot display large mammals Vegetation is very difficult to maintain Animals don’t have access to sun light Maintained in small holding spaces Alice Springs Desert Park

18 Bernard Harrison & Friends Ltd, 61st Annual Conference of WAZA, August 27 to 31 2006, Leipzig Zoo Developing the Night Safari Concept

19 Bernard Harrison & Friends Ltd, 61st Annual Conference of WAZA, August 27 to 31 2006, Leipzig Zoo Why did we set up the Night Safari? Forced to review 60 hectares of rain forest Lyn de Alwis - based it on Tiger Tops Tiger tops, Chitwan National Park Lyn de Alwis

20 Bernard Harrison & Friends Ltd, 61st Annual Conference of WAZA, August 27 to 31 2006, Leipzig Zoo To see a tiger kill at night

21 Bernard Harrison & Friends Ltd, 61st Annual Conference of WAZA, August 27 to 31 2006, Leipzig Zoo Some Reserves in Africa offer night views Treetops, Kenya

22 Bernard Harrison & Friends Ltd, 61st Annual Conference of WAZA, August 27 to 31 2006, Leipzig Zoo Natural night attractions Fairy penguins in Victoria and Tasmania

23 Bernard Harrison & Friends Ltd, 61st Annual Conference of WAZA, August 27 to 31 2006, Leipzig Zoo Essence of the Night Safari Concept Bring people in at night when animals are active Singapore’s nights are cool and pleasant Simulate moonlight to illuminate exhibits Night Safari, Singapore

24 Bernard Harrison & Friends Ltd, 61st Annual Conference of WAZA, August 27 to 31 2006, Leipzig Zoo The Need to Change the Model Need to increased visitor capacity & financial viability More managed concept Themed - visit to a national park Attention to design, lighting & orchestrating experience Night Safari, Singapore

25 Bernard Harrison & Friends Ltd, 61st Annual Conference of WAZA, August 27 to 31 2006, Leipzig Zoo Financing The single reason why so many great ideas around the world do not fly is insufficient financing Thomas Edison Vacuum Tube Kitten Guillotine

26 Bernard Harrison & Friends Ltd, 61st Annual Conference of WAZA, August 27 to 31 2006, Leipzig Zoo Financing Singapore Government took 2 years to approve US$40m Kaziranga national Park, Assam, India

27 Bernard Harrison & Friends Ltd, 61st Annual Conference of WAZA, August 27 to 31 2006, Leipzig Zoo Financing Couldn’t believe Singaporeans would leave their TV set at night to visit a forest Night Safari, Singapore

28 Bernard Harrison & Friends Ltd, 61st Annual Conference of WAZA, August 27 to 31 2006, Leipzig Zoo Planning & Development Design & construction took 3 yrs - opened 1994 Developed on 40 hectares of forested & undulating land

29 Bernard Harrison & Friends Ltd, 61st Annual Conference of WAZA, August 27 to 31 2006, Leipzig Zoo Aerial View of Site

30 Bernard Harrison & Friends Ltd, 61st Annual Conference of WAZA, August 27 to 31 2006, Leipzig Zoo Visitor Flow

31 Bernard Harrison & Friends Ltd, 61st Annual Conference of WAZA, August 27 to 31 2006, Leipzig Zoo Animals Commenced with 1,000 specimens from 100 species Asia, Africa and South America Flying squirrel in flight

32 Bernard Harrison & Friends Ltd, 61st Annual Conference of WAZA, August 27 to 31 2006, Leipzig Zoo Large naturalistic habitats

33 Bernard Harrison & Friends Ltd, 61st Annual Conference of WAZA, August 27 to 31 2006, Leipzig Zoo Colour temperature 5000ºK Light Direction Habitat Lighting

34 Bernard Harrison & Friends Ltd, 61st Annual Conference of WAZA, August 27 to 31 2006, Leipzig Zoo Habitat Lighting Theatrical focus No fixed level but average of 30 lux Broad, wash lights & narrow, spot lights Warm, orange fire or lamp light in shelters

35 Bernard Harrison & Friends Ltd, 61st Annual Conference of WAZA, August 27 to 31 2006, Leipzig Zoo Habitat Lighting High masts 8 to 12 m high

36 Bernard Harrison & Friends Ltd, 61st Annual Conference of WAZA, August 27 to 31 2006, Leipzig Zoo Lighting up the forest

37 Bernard Harrison & Friends Ltd, 61st Annual Conference of WAZA, August 27 to 31 2006, Leipzig Zoo Lighting up the forest

38 Bernard Harrison & Friends Ltd, 61st Annual Conference of WAZA, August 27 to 31 2006, Leipzig Zoo Exhibit design Follow general zoo design principles Greater control over what is visible Exhibits as stage sets

39 Bernard Harrison & Friends Ltd, 61st Annual Conference of WAZA, August 27 to 31 2006, Leipzig Zoo Naturalistic behaviours in naturalistic surroundings

40 Bernard Harrison & Friends Ltd, 61st Annual Conference of WAZA, August 27 to 31 2006, Leipzig Zoo BOS Initial tram capacity - 3,500 bums on seats (bos) per night Increase to 6,000 (bos)

41 Bernard Harrison & Friends Ltd, 61st Annual Conference of WAZA, August 27 to 31 2006, Leipzig Zoo Business opportunities Tap new and different market segments Different time zone - does not compete directly with the day zoo Can be developed to address slow periods

42 Bernard Harrison & Friends Ltd, 61st Annual Conference of WAZA, August 27 to 31 2006, Leipzig Zoo Business opportunities MICE market & Events Natural dinner package

43 Bernard Harrison & Friends Ltd, 61st Annual Conference of WAZA, August 27 to 31 2006, Leipzig Zoo Types of Night Developments

44 Bernard Harrison & Friends Ltd, 61st Annual Conference of WAZA, August 27 to 31 2006, Leipzig Zoo Night Safari as a dedicated attraction Night Safari, Singapore Chime-long Night Zoo, China

45 Bernard Harrison & Friends Ltd, 61st Annual Conference of WAZA, August 27 to 31 2006, Leipzig Zoo Night Safari as a dedicated attraction Chiang Mai, Thailand New Delhi - Greater Noida…master planning Night Safari, Chiang Mai, Thailand

46 Bernard Harrison & Friends Ltd, 61st Annual Conference of WAZA, August 27 to 31 2006, Leipzig Zoo Aren’t deserts logical places? Hot days & cool nights? Al Ain, Abu Dhabi…..concept development

47 Bernard Harrison & Friends Ltd, 61st Annual Conference of WAZA, August 27 to 31 2006, Leipzig Zoo Some have developed Night Zoo Where fixed lighting is installed into a day zoo Limited seasons or week ends San Diego, USA Taronga, Australia Taman Safari, Indonesia Taronga Night Zoo

48 Bernard Harrison & Friends Ltd, 61st Annual Conference of WAZA, August 27 to 31 2006, Leipzig Zoo Indigenous fauna as night attraction? Paignton Zoo showed wild badgers under artificial lighting Wild badgers at night

49 Bernard Harrison & Friends Ltd, 61st Annual Conference of WAZA, August 27 to 31 2006, Leipzig Zoo Night Safari concept can be developed in an existing zoo StoatEuropean otter Develop a zone opened only at night

50 Bernard Harrison & Friends Ltd, 61st Annual Conference of WAZA, August 27 to 31 2006, Leipzig Zoo Singapore shifted the paradigm Singapore Government is one of the most risk adverse in the world

51 Bernard Harrison & Friends Ltd, 61st Annual Conference of WAZA, August 27 to 31 2006, Leipzig Zoo Do you believe? In winter - at night? Can you create more BOS?

52 Bernard Harrison & Friends Ltd, 61st Annual Conference of WAZA, August 27 to 31 2006, Leipzig Zoo Dream on…………. dreamer

53 Bernard Harrison & Friends Ltd, 61st Annual Conference of WAZA, August 27 to 31 2006, Leipzig Zoo Thank you

54 Bernard Harrison & Friends Ltd, 61st Annual Conference of WAZA, August 27 to 31 2006, Leipzig Zoo What’s important to develop concept? Consistent sun set times? Pleasant evenings? Tall trees?


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