Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

/fən ˈɒ lə ʤɪ / A Second Mouthful of Air Alan Marsh 2014.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "/fən ˈɒ lə ʤɪ / A Second Mouthful of Air Alan Marsh 2014."— Presentation transcript:

1 /fən ˈɒ lə ʤɪ / A Second Mouthful of Air Alan Marsh 2014

2 A white blackbird: what’s the difference? A black bird and a blackbird A hot dog and a hotdog? A short fall and a shortfall? A green house and a greenhouse? A short list and a shortlist? A dark room and a darkroom? A wet suit and a wetsuit? An English teacher and an English teacher?

3 Who drives a taxi? A taxi driver 1 a bookseller 2 a firefighter 3 a window cleaner 4 an antique dealer 5 a rubbish collector 6 a tennis player 7 a ticket inspector 8 a storyteller

4 If only …. You didn’t tell me : If only ………… If only you’d told me I haven’t got time! If only …………. If only I had time! A high-pitched secondary stress (non-tonic prominence) on only Main stress with a fall on an important word later in the sentence

5 If only…. 1 We can’t start again. 2 I picked the phone up. 3 We don’t live by the sea. 4 I didn’t know.

6 If only …… 1 If only we could start again! 2 If only I hadn’t picked the phone up! 3 If only we lived by the sea! 4 If only I’d known!

7 If only ….personalisation A: If only I’d learnt how to play the piano! B: Why didn’t you? A: Because ….. A: If only I could turn back time! B: Why’s that? A: ……

8 I did tell you! A: Why didn’t you tell me you had to work on Saturday? B: I did tell you. I told you last week. A: Why didn’t you tell me you had to work on Saturday? B: I did tell you. I told you last week.

9 A: Why didn’t you tell me you had to work on Saturday? B: I did tell you. I told you last week. 1 A: Why don’t you open on Sundays? B: We _______ open on Sundays. We’re open from ten till four. 2 A: Why weren’t you working this afternoon? B: I _______ working. I was working from home. 3 A: Why aren’t you coming to the party? B: I _______ coming. I’________ arriving a bit later on. 4 A: Why won’t you help me to carry all this stuff? B: I ________ help you. I________ be with you in a minute.

10 Not you…me! Shifting stress So the party’s on Monday. No, it’s on Tuesday! And it starts at 8. No, it starts at 9! And I’m driving. No, not you …me!

11 Not you …me! Shifting stress ASue caught the 9.30 ferry to Gozo BRight, Sue caught the 9.15 ferry to Gozo. ANo! Sue caught the 9.30 ferry to Gozo! BI see. You caught the 9.30 ferry to Gozo! ANo! Sue caught the 9.30 ferry to Gozo! BGot you! Sue missed the 9.30 ferry to Gozo

12 ANo! Sue caught the 9.30 ferry to Gozo! BRight. Sue caught the 9.30 ferry to Sicily. ANo! Sue caught the 9.30 ferry to Gozo! BOK! Sue caught the 9.30 plane to Gozo! ANo! Sue caught the 9.30 ferry to Gozo! BWell, you really shouldn’t mumble so much. Articulate!

13 ASue caught the 9.30 ferry to Gozo BRight. ……….9.15 ANo! Sue caught the 9.30 ferry to Gozo! BI see. You ……………………. ANo! Sue caught the 9.30 ferry to Gozo! BGot you! ….missed ANo! Sue caught the 9.30 ferry to Gozo! BRight. ………………………………………………….Sicily. ANo! Sue caught the 9.30 ferry to Gozo! BOK! ……………plane ANo! Sue caught the 9.30 ferry to Gozo! BWell, you really shouldn’t mumble so much. Articulate!

14

15 To contract – or not? 1AMore? BNo thanks. I have had plenty. 2 AThere is plenty of cheese in the fridge. BI could not see any. 3AI hope I will see you at the meeting tomorrow. BI am afraid I will not be there. 4AYou must be pleased with the results. B I am. 5A I wish you had been there. BI just could not spare the time.

16 To contract – or not? 6AHave you been here before? BHe has, but she has not. 7AYou need not stay, if you have got things to do. BI think I will be off, then. 8AI thought you were in London today. BI am in London. That is where I am phoning from. 9ALook over there – what has happened? B I think there has been an accident. 10A Here we are. This is the place BI did not think it would take us so long to get here.

17 To contract - or not? 1AMore? BNo thanks. I ‘ve had plenty. 2AThere’s plenty of cheese in the fridge. BI couldn’t see any. 3AI hope I’ll see you at the meeting tomorrow. BI’m afraid I won’t be there. 4AYou must be pleased with the results. B I am. 5A I wish you’d been there. BI just couldn’t spare the time.

18 To contract – or not? 6 AHave you been here before? BHe has, but she hasn’t. 7AYou needn’t stay, if you’ve things to do. BI think I’ll be off, then. 8AI thought you were in London today. BI am in London. That’s where I’m phoning from. 9ALook over there – what’s happened? B I think there’s been an accident. 10A Here we are. This is the place BI didn’t think it’d take us so long to get here.

19 To contract – or not? What are the rules in spoken English? 1 To contract is the default option. 2 Contracted forms are used much, much more than full forms 3 Full forms are used at the end of a clause (4, 6), 4AYou must be pleased with the results. B I am. 6AHave you been here before? BHe has, …. although n’t can be used here (isn’t, aren’t, hasn’t, can’t etc.) … but she hasn’t.

20 4 Full forms are used when we stress the auxiliary or main verb for emphasis 8AI thought you were in London today. BI am in London.

21 Shadowing TAPESCRIPT 1 AListen! … BA 516 to Geneva. That’s our flight. BDid the announcement say Gate 4 or 14? AI couldn’t hear. I think it said 4. BLook! There it is on the departure board. It is gate 4. A OK. Come on! Let’s go. From: New Headway Elementary p 113

22 TAPECRIPT STUDY A LISten! … BA 516 to GenEva. That’s our FLIGHT. B Did the anNOUNcement say Gate FOUR or fourTEEN? A I couldn’t HEAR. I think it said FOUR. B LOOK! THERE it IS on the dePARture board. It IS Gate 4. A OK. Come ON! Let’s GO.

23 Shadowing And here are the news headlines. Following severe droughts in Africa, the President of the USA has announced that he is going to send food and provisions to the people of Somalia, who have lost their homes and livelihood.

24 And here are the NEWS HEADlines. Following seVERE DROUGHTS in AFrica, the PRESident of the USA has aNNOUNCED that he is GOing to SEND FOOD and proVISions to the PEOPle of SoMALia, who have LOST their HOMES and LIVElihood.

25 Two poems Partner A: your poem is on Page 9 of these worksheets Partner B: your poem is on Page 14 of these worksheets.

26 For Anne With Annie gone, whose eyes to compare with the morning sun? Not that I did compare, But I do compare Now that she's gone. Leonard Cohen

27 Cake i wanted one life you wanted another we couldn't have our cake so we ate each other. Roger McGough

28 And to conclude … Is a computer masculine or feminine?

29 A language instructor was explaining to her class that in French, nouns, unlike their English counterparts, are grammatically designated as masculine or feminine. One puzzled student asked, "What gender's computer'?" The teacher did not know, and the word wasn't in her French dictionary. So for fun she split the class into two groups, appropriately enough, by gender, and asked them to decide whether "computer" should be a masculine or feminine noun. Both groups were required to give four reasons for their recommendation. The men's group decided that computers should definitely be of the feminine gender because: 1. No one but their creator understands their internal logic. 2. The native language they use to communicate with other computers is incomprehensible to every one else. 3. Even the smallest mistakes are stored in long-term memory for possible later retrieval. 4. As soon as you make a commitment to one, you find yourself spending half your pay check on accessories for it. The women's group, however, concluded that computers should be masculine, because 1. In order to get their attention you have to turn them on. 2. They have a lot of data but they are still clueless. 3. They are supposed to help you solve problems, but half of the time they are the problem. 4. As soon as you commit to one, you realize that if you'd waited a little longer, you could have got a better model.

30 Marks and Bowen: The Book of Pronunciation

31 I hope you don’t mind my asking … 1Who do you get on with best of all? 2What was the nicest thing you’ve done recently? 3What are you looking forward to most in the next couple of months?

32 I hope you don’t mind my asking … 1Who do you get on with best of all? 2What’s the nicest thing you’ve done recently? 3What are you looking forward to most in the next couple of months?

33 I hope you don’t mind my asking … 1Who do you get on with best of all? 2What was the nicest thing you’ve done recently? 3What are you looking forward to most in the next couple of months?

34 I hope you don’t mind my asking … 1Who do you get on with best of all? 2What was the nicest thing you’ve done recently? 3What are you looking forward to most in the next couple of months?

35 I hope you don’t mind my asking … 1Who do you get on with best of all? tt 2What was the nicest thing you’ve done recently? gdt 3What are you looking forward to most in the next couple of months?

36 References and thanks References: Jenkins, J. The Phonology of English as an International Language OUP 2000 and Kelly, G. How to Teach Pronunciation Longman Pearson 2000 Marks, J. and Bowen, T. The Book of Pronunciation, Delta, 2012 Walker, R. Teaching the Pronunciation of English as a Lingua Franca OUP Thank you to: EASY SL, VALLETTA, MALTA for help with resources, logistics and photocopying Mob. (+356) (website)


Download ppt "/fən ˈɒ lə ʤɪ / A Second Mouthful of Air Alan Marsh 2014."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google