Presentation on theme: "Creating the Constitution: Articles of Confederation"— Presentation transcript:
1Creating the Constitution: Articles of Confederation EQ: What compromises emerged from the Constitutional Convention
2IntroAfter declaring for Independence Congress tried to unite the states under one national governmentMost members were fearful of a National Government being TOO strongSolution: Articles of ConfederationArticles created a firm “league of friendship”-loose union where each state remained sovereign and they cooperated for common purposesPut the Powers of Congress into WritingRun by Congress each state had 1 vote On paper Articles gave congress several powers, but in reality the Articles were no more effective in binding the states into a nation than a “rope of sand”
3Set UpA single “House” of Congress was composed of 2-7 delegates from each stateDelegates had to vote as a unit=One vote/stateREGARDLESS OF POPULATIONVotes of 2/3 of the states were required to passs laws or change the ArticlesAmericans were nervous about a Central Government w/too much power intentionally limited the types of decisions that the new nat’l gov’t could make
4Powers of the New Nat’l Government Declare WarMake TreatiesManage Indian AffairsMaintain and Army and NavyCoin and Borrow $Regulate weights and measuresEst. a postal service
5What the New Nat’l Government COULDN’T DO Enforce its own lawsCollect taxesControl Trade among statesRaise TroopsEst. Nat’l courts to hear disputes b/w states
6Developing Western Lands Congress got everyone to agree on how to develop western lands acquired by the Treaty of ParisNO orderly way to divide and sell lands settlers just walked into the wilderness and claimed land they likedDisputes over who owned what clogged the courtsSolution: Land Ordinance of 1785 (lands were divided into six miles squares called townships)By 1787 the government was ready to sell lands in the Northwest TerritoryHow would these lands get governed?Northwest Ordinance of 1787: Law divided the NW Territory into smaller territories (each governed by a governor)Once 5,000 free adults males lived there they could elect its own legislature once pop. was 60, 000 territory could apply to become a stateIncluded rights of settlers (slavery was banned)System worked well
7Problems with the Articles: Shay’s Rebellion Under the A of C, the new nation had serious $ problems paper money printed during the war was worthless, didn’t have gold or silver to mint coinsStates started printing their own $MA farmers rebel!!!Many farmers were in debt couldn’t make pmts on their farms and instead of loosing their farms, going to jail for not paying taxes FARMERS REBEL!!!Took up arms and led by Daniel Shay marched to Mass. Court building closed down court housesEventually farmers were defeated when militia troops came, but actions convinced people that the new Nat'l gov’t was falling apart
8Problems with the Articles: Foreign Affairs in trouble Each state had different trade regulationsVery difficult for foreign businessmen and governmentsForeign countries distrusted the ConfederationCould not back up agreements
9Problems with the Articles: Tariff Wars National Government couldn’t control trade among statesMany states chose to charge rival states high taxes on goods transferred b/w states
10Problems with the Articles: No Power to Tax the States National Government was BROKE after the war!!Could request $ from states, but it couldn’t force states to pay taxesSO FEW STATES DID!!
11Call for a ConventionAll the problems were concerning, but Shay’s rebellion shocked Congress Call for a Convention to consider “the situation of the US”Each state could send delegates to Philadelphia to revise the ArticlesFather of the Constitution, James Madison, had been studying governments and was ready for the convention!A nation was made up of many groups needed a strong central gov’t, or it would be torn apart!!