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Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg 1 Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg Curt-Engelhorn Chair in American History Prof. Dr. Manfred Berg.

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Presentation on theme: "Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg 1 Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg Curt-Engelhorn Chair in American History Prof. Dr. Manfred Berg."— Presentation transcript:

1 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg 1 Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg Curt-Engelhorn Chair in American History Prof. Dr. Manfred Berg Winter Term 2008/2009 The Reluctant Empire? U.S. Foreign Relations in the 20th Century

2 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg 2 Prof. Dr. Manfred Berg  Office Hours: Tuesday, 11-12 a.m., R 041  Email: manfred.berg@zegk.uni- heidelberg.demanfred.berg@zegk.uni- heidelberg.de  Phone: 54 2276  www.schurman.uni-hd.de www.schurman.uni-hd.de  Reading Course: Tuesday, 4-6 p.m., ÜR III

3 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg 3 Exams and Credits  Zwischenprüfung (Grundstudium Geschichte): Oral or Written Exam!  Orientierungsprüfung (Grundstudium Geschichte)  Oral or Written Exams for Erasmus Students and Other Foreign Exchange Students  Written Exams for B.A. and M.A. students (new programs)  Review Sheet will be distributed in early December  Written Exams:January 19, 2009

4 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg 4 Internet Access to course Materials  http://elearning.uni-heidelberg.de → Philosophische Fakultät → Mittlere und Neuere Geschichte Login: urz-identification Access key: empire http://elearning.uni-heidelberg.de  http://www.hca.uni-heidelberg.de → M.A. in American Studies → Curriculum 2009 http://www.hca.uni-heidelberg.de

5 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg 5 Textbook  Dennis Merrill and Thomas G. Paterson, Major Problems in American Foreign Relations, 2 volumes, 6th ed., Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2005.

6 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg 6 Today‘s Topics  Traditions  Approaches  Empire

7 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg 7 Thomas Paine (1737-1809)  “It is the true interest of America to steer clear of European contentions which she can never do while by her dependence on Britain.”

8 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg 8 George Washington (1732-1799)  “It is our true policy to steer clear of permanent alliances with any portion of the foreign world.”

9 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg 9 John Quincy Adams (1767-1848)  America “goes not abroad in search of monsters to destroy… She might become the dictatress of the world. She would no longer be the ruler of her own spirit.”

10 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg 10 Monroe Doctrine of December 1823  “The American continents, by the free and independent condition which they have assumed and maintain, are henceforth not to be considered as subjects for future colonization by any European powers.”

11 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg 11 Principles of the Founders  Political and military non-alignment  Commerce and trade with everybody  Continental Expansion  Hegemony in the Americas

12 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg 12 American Exceptionalism  America is special and different from other nations, especially from Europe  America has a historical mission to which it must remain faithful

13 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg 13 John Winthrop (1588-1649)  “We must consider that we shall be as a City upon a Hill, the eyes of all people upon us.”

14 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg 14 John Adams (1735-1826)  “I always consider the settlement of America with reverence and wonder, as the opening of a grand scheme and design of providence for the illumination and emancipation of the slavish part of mankind all over the world.”

15 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg 15 America’s Mission  Examplarists: America must be an example of a good and prosperous society which others will emulate. Trying to impose its model would discredit the mission and destroy its spirit.  Vindicators: In order to survive, the American model must be actively spread all over the world.

16 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg 16 Walter McDougall: Promised Land, Crusader State  Old Testament (19th Century): Liberty at home Unilateralism Monroe Doctrine Continental Expansion

17 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg 17 Walter McDougall: Promised Land, Crusader State  New Testament (20th Century): Progressive Liberalism Wilsonian Internationalism Containment Global Meliorism

18 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg 18 Walter Mead: Special Providence  Hamiltonians Strong government and foreign trade  Wilsonians Spread of democracy and international peace  Jeffersonians Safeguarding democracy at home  Jacksonians Security and prosperity for the American people

19 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg 19 Approaches Traditional Diplomatic History: Focus on state actors and governments Eurocentric model Wisconsin School: Capitalist Expansion as driving force Ruin of America’s republican ideals

20 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg 20 Approaches  Foreign relations of societies  World Systems  International History  Transnational History

21 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg 21 Approaches  Culture: Collective customs, ideas, values and symbols that shape world views and perceptions Soft Power Americanization?

22 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg 22 Approaches  Gender and Race Social and cultural constructions Social hierarchies and power relations Casting foreign nations and societies Legitimizing Power and Domination

23 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg 23 What is an Empire?  More than a powerful nation state  Not just a hegemonic power  Keepers of imperial peace: Pax Romana, Pax Americana  Imperial Overstretch

24 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg 24 Colossus: The Price of America’s Empire by Niall Ferguson  The U.S. must be the heir to the British Empire  The U.S. has no imperial political culture

25 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg 25 Empires: The Logic of World Domination from Ancient Rome to the United States by Herfried Münkler  Imperium Americanum subject to the historical logic of empire  Imperial Overstretch  Democratic decision-making requires short-term solutions for long-term problems  Universalist ideology requires moral luxuries and provokes charges of hypocrisy

26 Historisches Seminar der Universität Heidelberg 26 Reluctant Empire?  Is the U.S. an Empire?  Should it be an Empire?  Traditional Empire?  Liberal Empire?  Informal Empire?  Empire by Invitation?  Imperial Republic?


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