2RABAPast simple uporabljamo, ko želimo opisati dogodke, ki so se zgodili v preteklosti. Dogodki so se zaključili v preteklosti in nič več ne trajajo. Zgodili so se enkrat in se ne ponavljajo, čas dogodkov je znan.
3PRISLOVNA DOLOČILA ČASA: yesterdaythree weeks agolast yearin 2002from March to Junefor a long timefor 6 weeksin the 1980sin the last centuryin the past
4KAKO GA TVORIMO? Tvorimo ga tako, da glagol postavimo v preteklik (past simple):PRESENT SIMPLE PAST SIMPLE(sedanjik) (preteklik)She is 15 years old. She was 15 years old.(Stara je 15 let.) (Stara je bila 15 let.)
5GLAGOL BITI: EDNINA They were happy. Were they happy? Was she 15? MNOŽINA1. I was (jaz sem bil)1. we were (mi smo bili)2. you were (ti si bil)2. you were (vi ste bili)3. he was (on je bil)3. they were (oni so bili)she was (ona je bila)it was (ono je bilo)They were happy.She was 15.Were they happy?Was she 15?They weren’t happy.She wasn’t 15.
6PRAVILNI GLAGOLI: Past simple pri ostalih glagolih (pravilnih) tvorimo tako, da glagolu dodamo končnico -ed.play – playeddance – dancedcall – calledMary played the flute.Did Mary play the flute?Mary didn’t play the flute.
7POSEBNOSTI PRI ZAPISU PRAVILNIH GLAGOLOV: če se glagol konča na –e, glagolu dodamo le –d:change – changed Suzy changed her hairstyle last week.če se glagol konča na –y, pred njim pa je soglasnik, opustimo –y ter ga nadomestimo z –i ter dodamo –ed:study – studied Dan studied a lot for this test.če se glagol konča na –y, pred njim pa je samoglasnik, glagolu dodamo – ed:play – playedSharon played football for 3 hours on the weekend.
8Pravila o podvojitvi zadnje črke: Če se glagol konča takole: soglasnik-samoglasnik-soglasnik, podvojimo zadnji soglasnik (en zlog)stop – stopped We stopped at the store to get some gasoline.Če se glagol konča na črke: h,w,x,y podvojitve NIfix – fixed Sam fixed the note to the board.
9NEPRAVILNI GLAGOLI:Nekateri glagoli v angleščini so namreč drugačni od pravilnih glagolov, lahko bi jih poimenovali tudi izjeme. V pretekliku (past simple) imajo drugačne oblike, tako da preteklika ne tvorimo s končnico -ed, pač pa uporabimo 2. obliko glagolov s tabele.
10NEKAJ PRIMEROV: oblika INFINITIVE 2. oblika PAST SIMPLE 3. oblika PAST PARTICIPLEslovenski prevodcatchcaughtujetigowentgoneitiknowknewknownvedetisaysaidrečiwritewrotewrittenpisatireadbratibewas,werebeenbiti
11PRIMER: trdilni stavek: My sister went to bed. (glagol je v 2. obliki) vprašalni stavek:Did my sister go to bed? (DID + glagol v 1. obliki)nikalni stavek:My sister didn’t go to bed. (DIDN’T + glagol v 1. obliki)
12VPRAŠALNICE:My aunt wrote a letter yesterday. Did my aunt write a letter yesterday? My aunt didn’t write a letter yesterday. WHAT did my aunt write yesterday? WHEN did my aunt write a letter? WHY did my aunt write a letter? WHO wrote a letter yesterday?
13Vstavi WAS ali WERE:1. I _______ happy. 2. You _______ angry. 3. She ________ in London last week. 4. He ________ on holiday. 5. It _______ cold. 6. We ________ at school. 7. You ________ at the cinema. 8. They _________ at home. 9. The cat ________ on the roof. 10. The children _________ in the garden.
14Vstavi glagole v ustrezni obliki (pravilni glagoli): 1. I _________ (live) in Madrid last year. 2. We _______________(not play) football yesterday. 3. ________ you ___________ (watch) that film last night? 4. Where ________ you __________(study) English? 5. I'm sorry. The bar _________(close) half an hour ago. 6. They _________________(not stay) in a hotel last year. 7. I _____________ (walk) to work last week. 8. He ____________ (study) computers for five years. 9. They ______________ (arrive) late for the party. 10. We ______________ (marry) in a church.
1511. It __________ (end) at 6 pm. 12 11. It __________ (end) at 6 pm. 12. Ellen ___________ (wait) for an hour. 13. You ___________(like) the movie. I didn't. 14. Bob __________(need) that book yesterday. 15. They ____________(use) my new pen. 16. The teacher ____________ (help) the students after class.
16WHAT DID TOM DO YESTERDAY? Glagole v oklepaju postavi v preteklik: Yesterday Tom ________(get) up at 7 o'clock. He ___________(have) a shower and _________(put) on some clean clothes. Then he _________(have) breakfast. At half past seven he _________(go) into the bathroom, __________(brush) his teeth and __________(comb) his hair. After that he _________(put) on his shoes and _________(leave) his home to go to school. He __________(take) the bus which ___________(have) a stop in front of his home. He __________(get) on this bus at a quarter to eight. He ____________(get) off the bus in front of the school and (enter) ____________his classroom just in time.
17He _________(listen) to various teachers from 8 a. m. to 1:35 p. m He _________(listen) to various teachers from 8 a.m. to 1:35 p.m. Then he ________(hurry) home because he ________(be) very hungry. He __________(eat) lunch and __________(do) his homework. Later on he __________(watch) TV. In the evening he _________(have) dinner with his parents. After that he __________(meet) some friends in the city. When he __________(come) home, he __________(wash) his face and __________(brush) his teeth before he _________(put) on his pyjamas. Finally, he ___________(enjoy) listening to his favourite music or watching TV in bed late at night until he (fall) asleep.
18Tvori vprašalne in nikalne povedi: 1. They collected postcards. → 2. You jumped high. → 3. Albert played squash. → 4. The teacher tested our English. → 5. Fiona visited her grandma. → 6. He washed the car. → 7. You were thirsty. → 8. He had a computer. → 9. I bought bread. → 10. You saw the house. →
19Vstavi glagole v pretekliku v ustreznih oblikah: Yesterday, she ______(answer) all the questions.They _______(forget) all the names.I _______(love) sweets when I _______(be)young.4. The police _________(catch) the robbers this morning.5. It __________(not snow) last year.6. _______ she __________(stop) in front of your house?7. They _________(sleep) on the floor.8. He _____________(not look) at me.9. We __________(hurry) because we __________(be) late.10. Mary ____________(not play) football with them.
2011. How much money ______ you ________(spend). 12 11. How much money ______ you ________(spend)? 12. They ________(think) it ______(be) impossible. 13. Mr and Mrs Thompson ________(drink) whisky yesterday. 14. The accident _________(happen) last week. 15. Why _______ she _________(buy) that horrible dress? 16. Mark ____________(park) the car outside. 17. I __________(see) that film at the cinema two years ago. 18. Tim and John ______________(not like) school very much. 19. She ___________(open) the window and ____________(jump) out. 20. He ___________(fall) out of a tree and _________(break) his leg.
21CELINE DION: BECAUSE YOU LOVED ME http://www. youtube. com/watch For all those times you stood by me For all the truth that you made me see For all the joy you brought to my life For all the wrong that you made right For every dream you made come true For all the love I found in you I'll be forever thankful baby You're the one who held me up Never let me fall You're the one who saw me through through it all You were my strength when I was weak You were my voice when I couldn't speak You were my eyes when I couldn't see You saw the best there was in me Lifted me up when I couldn't reach You gave me faith 'coz you believed I'm everything I am Because you loved me You gave me wings and made me fly You touched my hand I could touch the sky I lost my faith, you gave it back to me You said no star was out of reach You stood by me and I stood tall I had your love I had it all I'm grateful for each day you gave me Maybe I don't know that much But I know this much is true I was blessed because I was loved by you
22You were my strength when I was weak You were my voice when I couldn't speak You were my eyes when I couldn't see You saw the best there was in me Lifted me up when I couldn't reach You gave me faith 'coz you believed I'm everything I am Because you loved me You were always there for me The tender wind that carried me A light in the dark shining your love into my life You've been my inspiration Through the lies you were the truth My world is a better place because of you You were my strength when I was weak You were my voice when I couldn't speak You were my eyes when I couldn't see You saw the best there was in me Lifted me up when I couldn't reach You gave me faith 'coz you believed I'm everything I am Because you loved me I'm everything I am Because you loved me