Presentation on theme: "Easily Adaptable UDL Approaches for any Class by Dawn A. Tamarkin, Ph.D. Springfield Technical Community College As you come in, grab 3 cards and # them."— Presentation transcript:
Easily Adaptable UDL Approaches for any Class by Dawn A. Tamarkin, Ph.D. Springfield Technical Community College As you come in, grab 3 cards and # them
Abstract: A number of universal design for learning (UDL) approaches will be shared that can be readily incorporated into other classes. Some simple options as well as more complex ones will be offered. These UDL approaches have been developed over the past 15 years by the presenter and other STCC faculty.
Get a comic square Find the people with the other squares that match yours Get your squares into order Introduce yourselves to each other Be ready to read your comic aloud and introduce your partners
What is Universal Design for Learning? I am quite familiar with UDL I am only a little bit familiar with UDL I know relatively little about UDL 1 2 3
No Worries! It’s easy It’s fun Even UDL-pros are always learning about it I use a more applied approach, so even if you are very familiar with it, I may get you thinking about it differently
About UDL… It helps you address more learners, like: – students with physical/learning disabilities – students with diverse learning styles – students who learn differently than you do – students who feel like they don’t fit in – non-native English speakers It’s a method to have a more inclusive class It prevents singling out particular learners It tends to be more active and flexible
How do you do it? An oversimplification is to: Consider one particular type of learner and consider what they couldn’t do in your class (e.g., a blind student) Conversely, consider a challenging topic and come up with a new way to teach it to a student who should have been able to master it Create a more inclusive / active atmosphere see UDLcenter.org
Example: How can a student who cannot take notes get notes? Introduce yourself to the person next to you Ask each other to answer the topic question Consider ways you have done or seen/heard of done Come up with new ways You have 2 minutes Go!
Pick me! Pick me if no one holds up a 1 Please don’t pick me Time to share
Possible solution #1 Record your classes I do both a voice and a video recording using Mimio and Camtasia It can be time consuming for you Only dedicated students use it Example recording…
Possible solution #2 Low-tech method: Assign note-takers Have them use carbon paper Make the notes available to everyone Example notes…
How is note-taking a UDL approach? It offers alternative modes of representation It provides for students who cannot take their own notes It does not single out students with disabilities 1 2 3
Class Community as UDL
Create Class Community May seem “touchy-feely” to some of you The stronger the inherent support, the more accepted and comfortable students are; this promotes learning Leads to more study groups and outside support Includes professor as part of the team Reduces student anxiety Gives students a sense of belonging (to the learning environment)
Methods for Community Development Ice breakers (e.g., Comic Strip Chaos) Group work, especially where groups change First day of class activities (Linda Meccouri at HCC has an excellent one) Valuing individual contributions and diversity Critical Incident Questionnaires with revealed feedback Quick discussion with classmates on topic (e.g., after a 1,2,3 card question) Teaching studying/learning methods UDL activities, where everyone is included
Another ice breaker-type activity This one is good for introducing new topics Toss the papers around until I say “stop” People with papers come up front (or hand off to a neighbor if uncomfortable) With the help of everyone sitting down, rearrange yourselves to form an appropriate sentence related to today’s topic Go!
What did we come up with?
Making group / discussion more UDL Consider defining roles within a group, like: – moderators (to make sure everyone gets to participate) – note-takers – time keepers – reporters Ask for all students to contribute to a discussion – anonymous note papers and random choices – include an individual step, like write down a thought first, before talking
Some answers: 1: I feel engaged when you ask questions and we respond with the cards. I also prefer your drawings and explanations over the books diagrams. 2: I feel distance on Fridays and every other Monday when I come to class after working 12hrs. I have a very hard time focusing. When I get stuck out of my preferred seat when you are going thru the text book pictures quickly 3: I love the fact that your lectures are always recorded & your board drawings or information are always recorded as well right along with your lectures, so it's like being in class all over again. The more pictures you draw in notes, the better. This is the only class where notes are available in several forms and by other students; it's helpful to compare what they found important during lecture to my notes and add theirs. 4: the only reason why things are puzzling and confusing is because i really haven’t had the time to study the material and learn it. I find some of your quizzes to be a bit confusing for me at times, I guess the way you word your questions 5: how little people study and expect to get into a program with a C- What surprised me the most is that I actually pricked my finger for a lab, and it wasn't even that bad! 6: On a side note, I feel that Dr. Tamarkin is generally a good dresser and has nice teeth. I like the studying ideas you suggest they are helpful. I never really found a way that really helps me to study but some of your ideas seem useful.
Preparing for tests as UDL
Preparing for tests Many students lack study/organization skills No teachers enjoy providing “review sheets” You can have them practice (model) building their own study sheets and reviewing How is this UDL? You are – guiding appropriate goal setting – optimizing individual autonomy – facilitating their management of information and resources
Detailed Table of Contents First have them cross off anything they are not responsible for Then have them explain what is in each heading & subheading As they go through, they are self-testing They are also learning how to spend their time on what they have not yet mastered developed with Vanessa Hill
Fitting in this exercise… … would take too much class time …is something I can squeeze in …is not my responsibility (they should know this already) 1 2 3
Peer support rounds Post Major Topics around the room Have students identify their comfort level with the topics (from 1 to 5, for example) Assign a student who wrote a 1 to each Major Topic location Unassigned students roam around to get help where they most need it Switch assigned students to a second set developed by Diane O’Hearn at GCC
Manipulatives as UDL
Including Manipulatives Kinesthetic learners will be engaged Interpersonal learners will be engaged Can be more challenging to implement Should be considered
Simplify and build the structure
Dynamic Cell Models Elodea cell modeled from microscope view:
Challenging Content presented as UDL
Sequencing, sorting, organizing Get students to sequence relevant information Have students sort information into similar/different piles Use that to get students to make concept maps Provide concept maps for challenging topics Provide an outline for your lecture / lab
Sequencing Mitosis I developed Mitosis Sequencing Kits, but this could be done with any images By putting the images in order, the process becomes clear Students speak the language of mitosis aloud while trying to sequence
Providing a concept map / flow chart
Analogies & Applications Optimizing relevance, value, and authenticity is an important UDL guideline These are alternative options for representation Rather than repeating the information you offered, provide it alternatively using an analogy or application Now you come up with an analogy or application you used this week in class… You have 1 minute!
Pick me! Pick me if no one holds up a 1 Please don’t pick me Time to share
Final Thoughts Any time you try to include everyone, you are attempting a UDL approach Active and interactive approaches are often UDL I chose not to discuss changing our own ways of presenting material (day in / day out), since that is hardest to change My students are much more appreciative of me and assume more responsibility for their work
I can use some of these ideas in my classroom! Definitely Maybe Not really 1 2 3
People at STCC who have contributed: Vanessa Hill (math) Carol Roberts (psychology) Cathy Beals (biology) Connie Hackett (disability services) Michele Nash (biology) Others who have contributed: Philomena D'Alessandro (math at QCC) Diane O’Hearn (college success at GCC) Mary Moriarty (at NSF / Smith College)