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HOPC Occupational Therapy Conference November 21 st 2014 ‘ Bringing a Hospice Ethos of Care to Palliative Patients in a Hospital Environment ’. Jill McCord,

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Presentation on theme: "HOPC Occupational Therapy Conference November 21 st 2014 ‘ Bringing a Hospice Ethos of Care to Palliative Patients in a Hospital Environment ’. Jill McCord,"— Presentation transcript:

1 HOPC Occupational Therapy Conference November 21 st 2014 ‘ Bringing a Hospice Ethos of Care to Palliative Patients in a Hospital Environment ’. Jill McCord, Macmillan Advanced Occupational Therapist Sarah Rice, Macmillan Advanced Occupational Therapist

2 Introduction History of NUTH AHP Macmillan Project Who we are and what we do Our Interventions Measuring our Impact Case Studies What Next?... Patient Feedback

3 The AHP Palliative Care Project 4 year project funded by Macmillan - Oct 2012 to Oct 2015: Aim to evaluate the benefits of having AHPs in a specialist palliative care team (SPCT)Aim to evaluate the benefits of having AHPs in a specialist palliative care team (SPCT) Bring holistic/hospice care ethos to therapy in the acute care settingBring holistic/hospice care ethos to therapy in the acute care setting Freeman Hospital: 1 Full Time Physiotherapist 1 Part Time Occupational Therapist 1 Part Time Rehabilitation Assistant Royal Victoria Infirmary: 1 Full Time Physiotherapist 1 Full Time Occupational Therapist.

4 Local & National Drivers Locally Recognition of gaps in service provision and difficulties in prioritising palliative type interventions by therapy staff in an acute setting NICE Supportive and Palliative Care Guidelines (1) promote a multi disciplinary approach to care to and recommend that comprehensive rehabilitation services should be available in all care locations National End of Life Care Strategy (2) further developed this emphasising the need for: the same high standards of care to be available to all people at the end of life, a skilled and specialised palliative care workforce to be available in all settings continuous improvements in the quality of care – particularly acute service care. All of this is underpinned in the strategy by a need to measure the outcome of palliative care interventions AHPs in Specialist Palliative Care Team Project 1 year Pilot project results formed the basis of the successful business case put forward to Macmillan

5 Who do we treat? People with:- Anxiety/ Distress Pain – Including ‘Total Pain’ Fatigue Breathlessness Weakness Functional Problems (in addition to ward AHPs)  Confidence

6 What do we add? Specific OT interventions: Anxiety management/ CBT Fatigue management Hypnotherapy Life story work, memory boxes Confidence building Purposeful activity Complex/specialist equipment needs Educational and advisory role to ward therapists.

7 Margaret Registered Visually Impaired For End of Life Care Decision to stop dialysis COPD

8 Measuring Our Impact We selected 4 Outcome Measures: PaCA) Palliative Care Assessment score (3) This rates symptom burden for specific individual service user symptoms. (TOMs) Therapy Outcome Measures (4) This uses the framework of the international classification of functioning (ICF). It has had validity and reliability well demonstrated. (EFAT) Edmonton Functional Assessment (5) Was used in the pilot study. It is again valid and reliable and gives a broad reflection of function. (POS) Palliative care Outcome Scale (6) Once again validity and reliability have been demonstrated for this measure.

9 TOMS Suggests that:Suggests that: –We can help improve a patients situation to enable them get home even when overall condition may be deteriorating. –We can help make improvements in quality of life –Patients value our input

10 Nausea Breathlessness Pain Fatigue Vomiting Anxiety Low Mood Cachexia Leanne Young lady Cystic Fibrosis Frequent admissions Referral for Symptom Management

11 OT interventions: - rapport building – interests/roles; goal setting and purposeful activity; home assessment visit; fatigue management; anxiety management – CBT approach

12 “Rehabilitation brings added value to supportive and palliative care… and is not an optional extra.” NCAT 2013

13 What Next?... Business Case/ Commissioning Awards/ Raising profile OT Msc Project

14 “The continuity made a difference, when I moved somewhere new you already knew me, you didn’t have to go away and check things. It was comforting to know that wherever I went there would be people coming to see me who knew me and what had gone on. And the encouragement you gave was great, it kept me going. I can’t thank you enough, you’ve both (SPCT PT & OT) been a brilliant help.” “You’ve really helped us (me) with everything. More than anyone else, I couldn’t have asked for more. You’ve taught me how to breathe properly and that. The other one’s came and taught me how to clear my chest but then they couldn’t come back to see how I got on, I didn’t like that. And they just wanted to see me walk. You came and talked with me too, that has helped the most. You’re well worth your money, aye!” “You’ve bent over backwards to help with everything, thank you.” (Patient’s Husband) “You made my life better, don’t know what I would do without your help recently.” “His wife asked me to pass on their thanks. Without your help and the things you taught him, he couldn’t have stayed at home with his family at the end, which is what he wanted.” (OT assistant) “I had given up until you became involved - I had lost hope” “The difference was that you were able to spend the time explaining things to me, explaining why my body felt the way it did, and talking me through what I needed to do to get back on my feet. You were also a friend when I needed to talk, and you actually listened.” “Just two say thank you four help and support, if it wasn’t four your support I would probly still be in hospital, so many thanks.”

15 References Improving Supportive and Palliative Care for Patients with Cancer (2004) NICE. End of Life Care Strategy – promoting high quality care for all adults at the end of life (2008) DH. The Edmonton Functional Assessment Tool: Further Development and Validation for Use in Palliative Care, Kaasa, T., Wessel, J. 2001, Journal of Palliative Care 17, 1, Therapy Outcome Measures for Rehabilitation Professionals: Speech and Language Therapy, Physiotherapy, Occupational Therapy. Enderby, P., John, A., Petheram, B. 2 nd Ed, John Wiley and Sons Ltd A User’s Guide to the Palliative care Outcome Scale, Aspinal, F et al (2002), King’s College London. Monitoring a hospital palliative care team using the PaCA tool, Regnard, C et al; European Journal of Palliative Care, 2005;


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