Presentation on theme: "By: Frances Dodin & Marta Harbuz ID2 Word…. Why go to School? Education was very different back then. Not all kids went to school, we know you might think."— Presentation transcript:
Why go to School? Education was very different back then. Not all kids went to school, we know you might think that that was just because some kids were homeschooled and that all the kids there where rich because after all, they did get to the colonies. Actually many kids didn’t go to school because their parents couldn’t afford them to go. The kids that did get to go to school, didn’t go for the purpose of doing math and exploring literature, but they were there to be able to read and understand the bible. If you think about it this way, the people who could afford their kids to attend school are the people who care enough about their religion to spend money on it. The kids who couldn’t afford school simply went by not knowing anything about their religion beside the basics.
Ahh, School… Ahh, School… Hey, this is all wrong! That’s much better! This is what the college of William and Mary looks like! Time Machine: It is the 2 nd oldest college still standing in 2011, it was built in 1693 after Harvard (in 1636), being the first.
What was the class like? The “colonial school” was just one room. Students had to sit on hard benches. It would get very cold in the winter, so the children would have to bring firewood for the fire to keep the classroom warm. If the kids didn’t bring the firewood, they would have to sit in the coldest part of the room as punishment. The classroom didn’t have blackboards, so the children used a lump of coal or lead on a piece birch bark because making paper was very expensive.
What did kids learn and how? The children learned from something called a hornbook. A hornbook was used as our everyday textbook, it was a basic tool that the children used. As you can see above a hornbook was a paddle with a paper attached to it and it was covered with a thin shaving of cow horn to keep the paper from tearing. The paper had the alphabet, in lower case and uppercase letters, and a prayer written on it. Usually one teacher taught all the children in all different grades. Spelling was taught slightly but was not paid attention to because the rules were not standard, so different people might have had different spellings of one word. Penmanship (handwriting) was very important. Students were forced to have a neat handwriting. There were no books for kids to study off of, they simply used what was written on the hornbook, because that was what actually mattered in their education. There were no blackboards.
Punishment Ok, so even though you think all the kids were polite and smart……… well your not right! The kids who did not know the lessons were called dunces. If they misbehaved they would have to sit on a tall stool and wear a pointed cap on their head. Or, some kids had to wear signs on themselves that showed that they had not misbehaved he punishments as you can see were not physical and didn’t hurt, but were hurtful to the child’s feelings.
Education In the Colonies (LITERALLY) New England In the New England colonies, the Puritans built their society almost entirely on the concepts of the bible. The colonists valued education because they believed that ‘Satan’ was keeping those who couldn't read from the scriptures. Middle Colonies Here, education was in question. The decision of whether to educate children was left to individual families until 1683, when a Pennsylvania law was passed, requiring that all children be taught to read and write and be trained in a useful trade. Pennsylvania's first school was established that same year. Southern Colonies In the southern colonies, children generally began their education at home. Because the distances between farms and plantations made community schools impossible, plantation owners often hired tutors to teach boys math, classical languages, science, geography, history, etiquette, and plantation management. Most then completed their education in England. A governess usually taught the girls enough reading, writing, and arithmetic to run a household and the social skills to attract a husband.
Dame School Now, you may wonder, what did the children do before they went to school? The boys and girls started off in Dame schools or ‘schools’ that were taught in a teachers home. They would have to read from a book called the “New England Primer” to learn their lessons. The children learned how to read and write and when they were done, they were finished with Dame school.
The Difference Between Boys and Girls The boys were generally the more intelligent children. Why? Because the law stated that boys should learn more than just to read and write. Later, the boys memorized every lesson in New England Primer and moved on to a Latin grammar school to prepare for college and an eventual religious or political career. Girls would also learn to read and write, but the people felt that the ladies should learn to cook, wash, and take care of a home and a family.
Colleges Colleges weren’t as important to the kids at the time of the 13 colonies, but it allowed the graduates to get good positions in government or good jobs depending on their skill. Order of First Colleges in the Colonies New College  (Harvard University) The College of William & Mary Collegiate School (Yale University) Academy of Philadelphia (University of Pennsylvania) College of New Jersey (Princeton University) King's College (Columbia University in the City of New York) College in the English Colony of Rhode Island & Providence Plantations (Brown University) Queen's College (Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey) Dartmouth College
So, this is how the colonies’ education differed from ours! The End! Sources
The School Upon a Hill by James Axell http://www.ssdsbergen.org/Colonial/education.htm http://oregonstate.edu/instruct/ed416/ae1.html http://faculty.mdc.edu/jmcnair/Joe28pages/Schooling,%20Education,%20and%20Literacy%20in%20Col onial%20America.htm http://faculty.mdc.edu/jmcnair/Joe28pages/Schooling,%20Education,%20and%20Literacy%20in%20Col onial%20America.htm http://www.greatsayings.net/wp-content/uploads/2008/10/kid_clipart_boy.gif http://www.newton.k12.ks.us/tech/MCj01289440000%5B1%5D.gif http://www.netbiblestudy.net/worship/Bible-.gif http://www.history.org/almanack/places/hb/images/wrenbuilding.jpg http://schools.nyc.gov/NR/rdonlyres/88373FE2-CFD8-4B2F-85C3-6F8D3D011513/12665/photo06.jpg http://www.mmawere.com/admin/gallery/1216584313.jpg http://biozhena.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/hicol033-colonial-classroom.jpg http://battellemedia.com/images/book_open-5.jpg http://atschool.eduweb.co.uk/nettsch/time/hornbook.gif http://www.thepostemail.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/07/13-colonies-flag.jpg http://www.ssdsbergen.org/Colonial/education%201%20yes.jpg http://www.ssdsbergen.org/Colonial/EDucation%20homeyG!!.jpg http://users.ox.ac.uk/~worc0337/gifs/dunce.gif http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d5/Dame_School.jpeg http://www.childcolonialcostume.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/09/Colonial-Costumes-For-Boys- 300x300.jpg http://www.childcolonialcostume.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/09/Colonial-Costumes-For-Boys- 300x300.jpg http://thumbs1.ebaystatic.com/m/mDfV14d_RiOxbrURk00JUUw/140.jpg http://www.almightydad.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/06/smiley-face.jpg