Presentation on theme: "Jamestown and Virginia. 1.Name the tribe that helped feed the Jamestown settlers their first winter. (Later they fought against the Virginians) 2.What."— Presentation transcript:
Jamestown and Virginia
1.Name the tribe that helped feed the Jamestown settlers their first winter. (Later they fought against the Virginians) 2.What was the invention that saved Jamestown, and who invented it? 3.Explain the headright system. 4.What was the House of Burgesses, and why was it significant? 5.What is the importance of Nathaniel Bacon?
What you need to know Locate & identify Virginia colony Virginia Company Powhatan The crop that saved Jamestown Importance of House of Burgesses Nathaniel Bacon
The British Arrive First attempts Trying to fight Spain in Americas 1585—Roanoke Colony (fail) They quit & went home to England 1587—Roanoke Colony #2 (epic fail) Everybody disappeared
Jamestown— st permanent colony Set up by Virginia Company English businessmen setting up colony for profit Get charter from King James I
Yes…that King James.
How were they going to make a profit? Virginia Company was a joint-stock company Merchants in London fund the colony Colony sends merchants goods to sell in London market
They arrive in Jamestown John Smith led 1 st group 1 st group was obsessed with idea of finding gold Unwilling to do manual labor Why is this a problem?
You can’t really eat gold
First winter The “Starving Time” They didn’t find gold They didn’t have any food They got sick It was really, really cold Powhatan Indians helped them
Brown Gold John Rolfe invents a new type of tobacco Becomes popular in Europe Makes lots of money Saves Jamestown
Growing tobacco Many workers needed for large quantities of tobacco Headright system If you pay for (anyone’s) trip to Virginia, you get 50 acres of land
Growing tobacco Rich men sent many people, got huge estates of land Land worked by indentured servants Promised several years of work (usu. 4-7) for travel to America
House of Burgesses Set up in 1619 First legislature in America Citizens elected representatives to write laws Only wealthy could vote
Transition to Royal Colony Indian raids created need for more troops Virginia Company couldn’t pay for necessary security King took control of colony
Battles between Virginians Must own land to vote Most settlers didn’t own land Had to pay taxes even if they couldn’t vote Taxes unfairly targeted the poor
Battles between Virginians Western settlers poorer than coastal settlers Indians raided westerners Coastals didn’t help defend
Nathaniel Bacon Wealthy coastal planter Raised army of westerners to fight Indians Without government’s consent Army marched on Jamestown
Bacon’s Rebellion Army’s demands: Equal vote for poor settlers Protection Ended when Bacon died
What you need to know Locate & identify Virginia colony Virginia Company Powhatan Indentured servitude The crop that saved Jamestown Importance of House of Burgesses Nathaniel Bacon