Presentation on theme: "Phrasal verbs Lecture 11. Accede to Agree to; gain a title, position or job He had significant achievements behind him when he acceded to the job."— Presentation transcript:
Phrasal verbs Lecture 11
Accede to Agree to; gain a title, position or job He had significant achievements behind him when he acceded to the job.
Accord with 与 … 一致 ; 与 … 相符 This does not accord with facts ．
Account for Explain (something that has happened) He couldn’t accounted for his behaviour. Amount to, constitute Compact cars account for more than half the auto market there.
Act out 用行动表现出（ often unconsciously ） He is a man who acts out his principles.
Act up (machine) go wrong The speakers seem alright, but the tape- deck’s acting up again. (a child) cause trouble, behave badly She couldn’t trust him not to act up when something upset him.
Answer for Be responsible for something bad I can’t answer for what happens to the houses; they’re not my responsibility. Trust, rely on There’s no doubt about his commitment to the company, but I couldn’t answer for the others.
Ask after Ask for news about someone I saw Phil in town yesterday; he was asking after you.
Attend to Deal with There are one or two financial matters to attend to before we go in for dinner. See to, look after The nurse will attend to your wounds as soon as she’s free.
Back out 决定不做，食言 If they back out of the contract at this stage, we’ll be finished. Drive your vehicle out backwards It’s dangerous backing out onto such a busy road.
Back up Support, help Send photos of the damage and builders’ estimates for repairs, to back up your claim. Drive your vehicle backwards You’ll have to back up a little so I can open the gate.
Bank on 指望 We’re all banking on good weather for the first meeting of the season.
Branch off 分叉 The narrow track branches off the main path to the left.
Butt in 干扰，干涉 We can’t hope to have a sensible discussion if Mr Portillo keeps butting in before I’ve finished my point. Butt out 停止干涉 I think her parents should just butt out and let her make her own mistakes.
Close in 接近，靠近 We caught a brief glimpse of them before the fog closed in again.
Close off 封锁，断绝 The road was closed off for one hour.
Close on 接近； 赶上 The car was closing on him.
Close out He tried to close the noise out by putting his fingers in his ears.
Close up 关闭，停止营业 The librarian told us to choose our books quickly because she was just about to close up for the night. 靠近，靠拢 She looked for an escape gap, but the crowd had shifted again and closed up.
About Movement in different directions He continued to drive about his garden and woods. Action in different places Paintings were pulled off the walls and flung about all over the room.
about Lack of activity, purpose or pattern Hang about, idle about, play about Happening Bring about, come about
after Following Go after, run after Wanting Ask after Imitating or copying Name after, call after
Against Opposing protest against Protecting Guard against, protect against, preserve against Comparing Match against, weigh against Being a disadvantage work against
Away Moving to a further or distant place Go away, move away, Not coming and not getting involved Keep away, shrink away Taking and removing Pull away, tear away
Away Disappearing and destroying Drop away, melt away, waste away Continuing Talk away, work away Getting rid of something Frighten away, flush away Storing and hiding Put away, tidy away, file away
By Passing Walk by, march by Visiting Call by, drop by Obeying Abide by Storing or keeping Put by, lay by
Down making or becoming smaller or lower Slow down, turn down, calm down Fastening, securing and fixing Screw down, nail down, pin down Destroying and breaking Burn down, break down, bring down
Down Defeating Argue down, fight down, knock down, vote down Recording and writing Copy down, jot down, mark down Eating and drinking Gulp down
Down Passing from one generation to the next Pass down, hand down Cleaning, polishing, smoothing and flattening soap down
Of Cause or origin Die of, born of Communication and interpretation Say of, assure sb. of Removal Be stripped of, be starved of, rob sb. of
Off Moving away or leaving Set off, move off, take off Movement from a higher to a lower position Get off, fall off, slide off Decreasing, lessening or declining Go off sb./sth. ( 对 … 不再感兴趣 ), wear off
off Separating or blocking divide off Stopping or preventing Beat off Removing, eliminating or disposing Chop off, wash off, suck off
Off Beginning or starting Kick off, spark off, trigger off Ending, stopping, disconnecting and cancelling Turn off, call off
Off Finality or completeness Finish off, sell off, pay off Rejecting, dismissing or ignoring Laugh off, shrug off Falling asleep Doze off Exploding or firing go off
On In or into a vehicle, ship or aircraft Get on, jump on Continuing Work on, get on, struggle on Encouraging to continue or go forward Cheer sb. on Come on!
On Dressing Put on Transferring Pass on